BELIEVE Religious Information Source - by Alphabet

We feel that the Lord cannot be Pleased with how hate-filled so many of His followers are toward others who do not agree with their views or beliefs, especially other Believers in Him! Over half of all the seven billion people on our planet believe in Him, the One True God of Abraham (which includes Christians, Jews, Muslims and others), yet the vast majority of them feel extreme hatred toward others of His followers. Why? Because each of the many different religions and Denominations have made their own individual assumptions regarding exactly what He meant to Teach us, and therefore each chooses to Teach selective, and sometimes distorted information about all other belief systems. Can the Lord be Pleased with this sort of behavior? We think not.

We think that He would wish all people to have access to and understanding of accurate and honest information on all religious subjects. Christians believe that He has installed an Indwelling Holy Spirit in each person such that the person then has Divine assistance regarding Discerning what is correct regarding the best way of Worshipping the One True Lord. Religious systems tend to try to force followers to accept only what they Teach them, and to be deaf or even adversarial to things anyone else might say. There is nothing wrong with Trusting and following your religious leader, and indeed, it is important to do so. But there also needs to be some system of checks and balances where the Lord's True Message might not be distorted.

We have recently realized that if Jesus Himself would arrive at any of many thousands of Christian Churches, in His robe and with His long hair and general appearance, He would certainly be denied admission to the Church! What does that say about our modern understanding of what He tried to Teach us?

The different religions and Denominations each absolutely insist that their interpretation is superior to all others. Isn't that Arrogance, something that the Lord Wished us to avoid? Didn't He Try to Teach us Humility and Tolerance of others? It seems to us that if a religion chooses to refer to the One True God by a somewhat confusing collection of Three Different Names (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) or to see Him as very Harsh (Jewish or Muslim) or Loving (Christianity), does it necessarily mean that HE is any Different? Probably not. It probably simply indicates that we humans are not nearly as smart as we often want to claim, and that there are many, many things that we only vaguely comprehend. There actually seems a credible possibility that we are all actually “speaking the same language of Love and Adoration for the One True God of Abraham” but simply do not (yet) realize it!

Directory - Christian Subjects:
Numerals A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

4000 Early Christian Manuscripts

Directory - Other Religions:

Directory - By Themes:
BELIEVE Religious Subject List 1         BELIEVE Religious Subject List 2
BELIEVE Religious Subject List 3         BELIEVE Religious Subject List 4
BELIEVE Religious Subject List 5         BELIEVE Religious Subject List 6
BELIEVE Religious Subject List 7         BELIEVE Religious Subject List 8
BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme   9         BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 10
BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 11         BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 12
BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 13         BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 14
BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 15         BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 16
BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 17         BELIEVE - Early Manuscripts - Theme 18

Each religion encourages Passion regarding believing what they believe. Fine. But that commonly then includes hatred for strangers who believe differently than themselves. That cannot be what the Lord had in Mind! Especially when those strangers happen to also be trying to Worship the very same Lord! It is sad that thousands of different groups of Christians read English translations of the exact same Original Ancient Hebrew and Greek texts, and interpret what they read differently than the Church down the street, and then find causes to develop insults and hatred for neighbors who attend that Church. How is it possible that we are so shallow to fall into such things? And that other Church Teaches the same Arrogance regarding this Church? Are either of those Churches right in such postures of superiority that can seem rather disgusting to observers? Didn't Jesus Teach Humility and not Arrogance?

A central reason for the existence of the BELIEVE resource is to try to provide the best such information that we could accumulate. Many of our subject presentations include (separate) articles written by Protestant Christian scholars, Catholic scholars, Jewish scholars, Orthodox scholars, Muslim scholars, etc, to try to provide the broadest possible view of a subject, by including perspectives from many different (scholarly) directions. We have also included excerpts from important Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and other religious texts, which often seem to show the same charity, kindness, patience and other characteristics which are familiar in nearly all religions.

Churches each interpret many different things to generate their own ideas about how a Church is supposed to be. An interesting example to ponder might be a few paragraphs from a respected Christian scholar's discussion regarding Jesus' "self awareness" during His earthly activities. That scholar notes that at NO time did Jesus ever refer to Himself as Son of God or as anything very different from terms used for Jewish Rabbis of the time, such as “my Lord”. The Post-Easter Church, AFTER He had Died, developed nearly all of the titles by which we now refer to Jesus. For around twelve years AFTER the Crucifixion, the people we now call Christians did not call it "Christianity" but rather "The Way". It was only around 44 A.D., twelve years AFTER the Crucifixion, and a substantial distance away, in Antioch (then a very large city) that anyone seems to have started calling themselves "Christians". But modern Christians and modern Churches all believe that they were applied to Jesus while He was Alive on Earth. That was not the case. Jesus clearly realized that He had an unique and intimate relationship with the Lord, but He never implied that He felt it was as Son or as any other Divine Being! It IS possible that He made such comments as an assumption, based on the fact that each time that He requested a Miracle, it occurred! The reality that He Was the One True God of the Universe meant that such Miracles would occur because He wished them! But He did not realize all of that, and He believed that He had to request Miracles “from the Father”! Churches have Taught for centuries that those things were accurate and true statements, but they appear to have been primarily opinions of leaders of the Post-Easter Church as it was developing. (In the final few weeks of His life, the Bible gives evidence that Jesus began to fully realize just how unique He was!) (Until then, He felt the need to ask the Father for such things as Miracles, and as a result, both He and everyone else started referring to Him as Son.) We feel that the Lord Wishes us all to KNOW the actual Truth, and not necessarily just the opinions of that Truth held by Ministers of any specific Church. Doesn't that seem what He would Want?

BELIEVE is currently a collection of over 7,000 articles by respected scholars on around 2,300 religious subjects. Protestant Christian Churches, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Orthodox Church, all follow Faiths which involve hundreds of individual subjects, which are each thoroughly presented in BELIEVE. Many of these subjects are very important to Faith, like Eschatology, but which are seldom presented in Church Services or during Bible Study. Others are commonly known religious subjects, like Salvation, or Baptism, that we just present more thoroughly than is usually available.

Proverbs 4:5: Get wisdom, get understanding, forget it not.
Proverbs 1:7: Fear/Reverence of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
John 5:39: Search the scriptures
1 Thess. 5:21: Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. (all KJAV)

Also Prov. 2:3-5; Prov. 3:13; Prov. 15:14; Prov. 23:23; and 2Peter 1:5.

Saint Clement of Alexandria may have described this most fully, (around 200 AD), in the Stromata, Book VIII, Chapter I.

We think you might find it refreshing that we have no intention of pushing you toward any specific attitudes or positions. We also have no intention of trying to get you to like or dislike any specific group or Denomination or Faith. (We DO hope that you will pursue SOME Faith and some method of Worshipping God!) Our intent is only to present you with enough accurate, unbiased information such that you can make your own thoughtful conclusion about any particular subject. If you have Doubts about God, Christianity, Religion or questions, concerns, doubts, skepticism, you're probably in the right place to get actual information on which to form your own conclusions. We have tried hard NOT to include opinions or unsupported logic. Our attitude is that YOU must find your own conclusions (as long as you have accurate information to work with) and it is not our place to try to drag you anywhere!

A concept that we have tried to keep in mind in assembling BELIEVE is:
Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as though you were working for the Lord and not for men. (Col. 3: 23) (NIV)

In that regard, we have added nearly 4,000 complete texts of Early Christian Manuscripts (translated into English). We think that cynics might be surprised in browsing through some of them, as, for example, the single presentation on the Diatessaron of Tatian includes over 3,800 footnotes! People may be interested in reading Tertullian's article "On the Apparel of Women" which he wrote around 202 AD.

An access to the entire assemblage is at: 4,000 Early Christian Manuscripts The level of intellectual care and attention to accuracy is really impressive!

To Citing a BELIEVE web-page:

As a result of many thousands of received e-mails, I feel that the Holy Spirit wishes me to add these links here to pages which I, the Editor of BELIEVE, composed, and which are not actually in the BELIEVE site. There have been so many people who seem to have misconceptions about Christianity in general or certain centrally important parts of it, that it seems necessary to make these two links available here.
New Presentation of Christianity
Christian Arrogance, Self-Righteousness

Here is another link which might be considered worth some thought
Christianity - Salvation - End of Life

It seems that most people have an enormous misunderstanding regarding what a “scholarly text” actually is! A good example might be our presentation on Arguments for the Existence of God. If most people tried to compose that presentation, including virtually any Church or its personnel, they would assemble it in the “obvious” way. And that would not possibly qualify for being a “scholarly work” no matter how brilliantly it was researched and presented! If you look at our presentation linked here, you will see a prominent distinction which qualifies it as being scholarly. Right after the initial presentation of the arguments FOR the Existence of God, that author has a section which discusses the arguments AGAINST the Existence of God! Most Christian Ministry seem to be viciously against including such things! Many have told me that I am certain to go to Hell for allowing such things to be included in BELIEVE! Amazing! They INSIST on only telling THEIR side of any stories or any issues, apparently deciding that THEY are each brilliant enough to determine what their Church Members should be allowed to hear and what their Church Members should be denied hearing! No actual scholar would ever do that! It is considered critically important to always present BOTH sides, ALL sides, of any issue, logically and fairly. Scholars then rarely actually extend that to forming conclusions, other than what is solidly based on the arguments and known facts. In contrast, we find it immensely frustrating that MOST Christian books, articles and speeches tend to ONLY provide SELECTIVE EVIDENCE which then appears to totally support whatever conclusions that the (Christian) writer or speaker wants to claim. We hope you see the distinction, as it really is very, very important. Regarding BELIEVE, we do not necessarily want to present thoughts or arguments which appear to oppose Christianity or some Church, but in an effort at presenting scholastic honesty, we feel that it is critically important that we ONLY present articles by scholar-authors which DO consider all sides of any issue. Virtually every argument and every group has wonderful assets but also a few warts! We think it would be potentially deceptive if we tried to ignore the existence of those warts! This text makes clear that we have great confidence in the brains and the personal Discernment of each reader, especially since we are confident that the Indwelling Holy Spirit will assist each person regarding that. So we have no concerns whatever regarding the fact that our scholar-authors sometimes discuss matters which might seem unsettling to Christians. We feel that this is far better than the only alternative that we are aware of, where WE would select a single viewpoint to try to present to all our visitors.

Several of the most important topics in BELIEVE have presentations that extend over 100 screenfuls of text! The presentation of the Roman Catholic Church is more than 30 screens in length. The one on God is about 150 screens in length. The one on Jesus as a Child is nearly 500 screens in length! Even a generally unfamiliar subject like Supralapsarianism is about five screens in length, with several links to other BELIEVE pages that are closely related to that subject. Some of the more obscure subjects are covered in just one or two screens.

There is certainly a multitude of Christian and other religious sites on the Internet. Many of them are informative, but they seem to generally present only their own view of whatever subjects they discuss. That might be valuable, but it can often cause an incomplete understanding of those subjects. How can a student of Christianity or any other religion truly understand any subject if he/she only has access to one narrow viewpoint? Yes, we realize that there might be value in sometimes presenting ONLY ONE approach, of NOT bringing up matters which might cause some Christians to become confused or uncertain. Fine.

Our Non-Denominational Christian Church thinks that in general it is wrong to consistently do that. How could a person develop a solid foundation for Faith if incomplete or inaccurate or distorted information is all that is available? What if your First Grade Teacher only decided to teach you her favorite letters of the alphabet and not all 26 of them? Our approach is to try to imagine how Jesus might have presented religious information. Would He have only presented some facts that supported a point He wanted to make? We doubt it! Would He have presented any statement that He did not truly believe to be true, or that was otherwise incomplete or inaccurate or misleading or deceptive? We doubt it! We think that He would have patiently sat down with anyone who had questions and He would have helped each person to fully understand the answers to those questions.

We often consider a real situation which existed in the Early Church. The full Bible as we know it was only finalized over 350 years after Jesus lived. We sometimes consider a passionate Christian of around 80 AD, who happened to NOT have an entire Bible but just a SINGLE SHEET from ONE LETTER of Paul. What could the Lord have expected of that person? A comprehensive understanding of all aspects of Christianity? That would not be possible for him! But he certainly would read that page every day and certainly memorize it. Whatever specifics that Paul might have discussed in that page, this man would have centered his life upon. And we feel that the Lord would be totally Pleased with him for that effort. Curiously, when I have brought this story up to several hundred other Ministers over the years, at least two hundred of those Christian Ministers immediately told me that that man went to Hell, for not having FULLY followed all the aspects of Christianity! I am always astounded at hearing Ministers say that, and it terrifies me regarding what they might be Teaching in their own Churches! They are either ignorant or overlook the fact that the complete Bible only was settled on around 390 AD, but they still demand that earlier Christians be knowledgeable regarding a Bible which did not then even exist! It seems to me that those modern Ministers believe that Christianity is totally Legalistic, where they must not have read the parts of the Bible that make clear Jesus' attitude about such things!

BELIEVE is here with the intent of permitting our visitors to access all the (credible) perspectives that we are aware of, with the intention of enabling DEEPER Devotion to the Lord.

Well, we have a disadvantage here! We are not Jesus! We do not have His Knowledge and Understanding! So, we just try the best we can to supply the most accurate, understandable and complete information we can, on each of these many subjects. That is basically the core reason for the BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site. We try to not express opinions but only present the facts and all of the generally accepted attitudes on each subject.

These articles were written by many Authors, world-renowned scholars in their specific subjects. We felt that such scholars were the best available authorities in each of the many subjects. We are very aware that there have probably been millions of articles written by religious scholars over the centuries, and we have only been able (so far) to review a tiny fraction of them. That means that this BELIEVE site should forever be a work-in-progress, and it will hopefully forever get better and better! We sometimes say that in another thirty years, BELIEVE might start to resemble something that the Lord might be Pleased with!

In the process of selecting the 7,000+ articles that are currently included in BELIEVE, we examined over 50,000 articles that we did not include. If an article seemed biased or incomplete or not solidly based on accepted scholastic standards, we did not include it. It is our hope that the remaining articles are useful to the visitors to this site.

Whether your interest is casual curiosity or deep philosophical research, BELIEVE should certainly be helpful. Many of the subject presentations start with a General level presentation of the subject, which is often followed by very comprehensive Advanced presentation(s) for student and Ministry research. Actual Scripture from the Bible is generally not included, but many thousands of Scriptural references are included, as are extensive bibliographies (for most of the articles) for even further study.

Have you ever been a little unclear when your Minister refers to Sanctification in a sermon? Or Ultradispensationalism? Or Baptism? Or Infralapsarianism? Or Salvation? Well, most Ministers aren't going to even mention two of these very important aspects of Christian Faith in their Sermons! But they would if they could! Or maybe you wanted to learn more about your friend's Methodism? Or about Amish beliefs? Or the history of the Lord's Prayer? Have you ever been curious about just how our modern beliefs in Jesus got refined to where they are today? Or you wanted deeper understanding of any of hundreds of other interesting religious topics?

These are some reasons where you may want to browse through BELIEVE!

As mentioned above, we have gone to considerable effort to eliminate bias from this collection of articles. It is reasonable for most authors to be enthusiastic for their subject, but if an author showed such an extreme attitude that possible distortion of facts might happen, WE LEFT SUCH AN ARTICLE OUT! BELIEVE is meant as an information source which has the most “level playing field” possible, so that readers can count on getting useful and fair and accurate information. There is only one substantial bias that was NOT removed, that against Satanists, Atheists, and similar groups. We considered including some of their own information, to balance some of the negative comments that some of our included authors make, but we decided that we did NOT want to encourage or publicize or support the activities or beliefs of such groups.

If you get the impression that any particular presentation in this library shows substantial bias for or against any group or belief system, please let us know by an E-mail message or a postal letter. We hope to forever improve BELIEVE, and you can help!

People regularly send in manuscripts and essays which they hope to have added to our BELIEVE site. Unfortunately, most of them cannot be used here. One characteristic we insist on is that ALL perspectives on a subject or issue be equally and fairly discussed, as is the case in any credible scholarly work. When most people feel motivated to write an essay, it is because they have very strong feelings regarding one particular viewpoint on the subject. In many places, there is nothing wrong with that, in “promoting” that particular perspective. It is even often a great way of encouraging people to accept that particular belief. But BELIEVE is meant to present ALL perspectives as equally as is possible, and so “sales pitches” for any one position are not generally desirable here. In many cases, such an essay could be fairly easily expanded to include the opposing viewpoints. There have been many wonderful manuscripts sent in, which could have been used with such a modification, but not otherwise.

The individual web-page presentations are all designed to display properly on any home computer. They are hopefully also compatible with the obsolete computers and browsers which Missionaries often have to use. (The files are each made absolutely as small as they can be so that such Missionaries can have shorter Internet access times and expenses.) BELIEVE doesn't contain banners or other images that might interfere with such use.

If someone thoroughly studied the entire contents of BELIEVE (equivalent to over 10,000 pages of typewritten text, over 30,000 screenfuls) and also the Bible, the resultant religious knowledge would be very close to that of a Divinity Degree from a Seminary! We realize that most people aren't going to use it that thoroughly! But if you keep the downloadable BELIEVE program on your computer's hard drive, or keep a bookmark for this web-site in your browser, its information will be rapidly accessible, faster than you could find it in a reference book!

BELIEVE has two parallel home pages, one with the subjects listed alphabetically and the other with more central subjects at the start of the list. (The alphabetical list is to the right, and a link above it can get you to the other list.) The way both subject lists are set up encourages browsing. You or your kids might have 15 minutes available one day. You COULD play some computer game! But if BELIEVE is there, you might just as well decide to learn a little about Arminianism or about Evangelicalism. You don't need to commit a huge block of time to it (but you could!)

Even very devout Christians will probably find many unfamiliar terms in the list at right. Many Protestant Christians do not realize that many things like the above mentioned Arminianism probably contributed (in one way or another) in a substantial way in the development of the beliefs of the Church they attend! Very few Christians seem to know that nearly all modern Christian Churches are Semi-Sabbatarian!

We have added foreign language translations of all of BELIEVE (not including the extensive Early Christian Manuscripts). It is our hope that the French version might assist Missionary efforts in many of the countries in Africa where French is a primary language. Similarly, we hope that the Spanish and Portuguese versions might be of help to Missionaries in South America. And we hope that, as Chinese people learn about the “outside world”, some of them may find value in either Chinese version. We also have hopes that if Arabic people have access to accurate information on the world's various religions, they might learn that we are far more alike than we are different.

If you know of anyone that could benefit from those versions, here are links:

For people who are Missionaries, or others who have difficult or expensive access to the Internet, we also now provide most of these exact same files which are often only 1/3 the file size, because they do not include the interactive presentation of the English original text. Here are those links:

The above languages should display properly with most modern computers, without having to add any additional fonts. They tend to use the UTF-8 encoding system, but some pages use either Western European or Windows. If your computer is really old, you may need to use Windows Control panel/ Add/Remove Programs/Windows Setup/Multilanguage Support, to be able to properly see the Russian or Polish pages.

The smaller files for Missionaries and others for these languages are at:

These following files do NOT include separate files for each subject presentation, as they depend on common automatic computer language translation. They have a common problem of only translating a certain number of words at the start of a file and not translating the later parts of long presentations.

These languages may require you to download Microsoft or other fonts to see the presentations properly. (You may see empty rectangles instead of characters above if your Browser does not contain the needed font). For Japanese, one file is ie_ja.exe (2.6 Mb) (an expanded MS Gothic font); for mainland (or Simplified) Chinese, one file is ie_zhc.exe (2.6 Mb) (MS Hei and MS Song fonts); for Taiwan (Traditional, or Big5) Chinese, one file is ie3lpktw.exe (4.1 Mb) (MingLiu Font); from the Microsoft web-site. If you do a web-search for that file name, you can find it quickly.

These are computerized, automated translations of the English language pages of BELIEVE, so they are nowhere near perfect. But, hopefully, they will allow the many BELIEVE pages to be available and useful to many more people. We also hope that volunteers will offer to “clean up” any especially poor automated translation of a page!

In 2007, roughly 70% of BELIEVE visitors accessed English language pages. Spanish was 13.4%; mainland Chinese was 4.8%; Russian was 2.8%; French was 2.4%; Japanese was 2.3%; German was 1.8%; Taiwanese was 1.7%; and Arabic was 0.8%. Italian, Portuguese, Swedish and Polish accesses were minimal due to really bad automated translations then!

In 2009, the total number of visitors was slightly more than double that of 2007. There was increase in the number of English language visitors, but the increases in the other languages were far greater. This effect caused the RELATIVE number of English language visitors to seem to have decreased! In 2009, 44.8% of BELIEVE visitors accessed English language pages. Spanish was 16.4%; mainland Chinese was 2.4%; Russian was 2.7%; French was 5.3%; Japanese was 3.9%; German was 3.8%; Taiwanese was 3.2%; and Arabic was 2.5%. Italian was 4.3%, Portuguese was 6.3%, Swedish was 1.2% and Polish was 3.3%.

In 2011, 37.5% of BELIEVE visitors accessed English language pages. Spanish was 26.2%; mainland Chinese was 2.4%; Russian was 2.7%; French was 5.0%; Japanese was 2.3%; German was 3.0%; Taiwanese was 2.7%; and Arabic was 2.1%. Italian was 4.2%, Portuguese was 9.3%, Swedish was 1.4% and Polish was 2.5%.

In 2012, 27% of BELIEVE visitors accessed English language pages. Spanish was 28%; mainland Chinese was 3%; Russian was 3%; French was 6%; Japanese was 2%; German was 3%; Taiwanese was 4%; and Arabic was 3%. Italian was 4%, Portuguese was 9%, Swedish was 2% and Polish was 2%.

In 2013, 23% of BELIEVE visitors accessed English language pages. Spanish was 29%; mainland Chinese was 5%; Russian was 3%; French was 6%; Japanese was 7%; German was 3%; Taiwanese was 5%; and Arabic was 4%. Italian was 4%, Portuguese was 9%, Swedish was 2% and Polish was 1%.

This has become a significant amount of traffic, where people around the world are apparently studying and learning a good deal of accurate religious information. Every day, around 400 million characters in Spanish are distributed! Every day, around 40 million characters in mainland Chinese and another 50 million characters in Taiwanese Chinese are sent around the world! We hope we are doing some good in getting accurate and thorough religious information to people who might not otherwise have had access to it.

Other reasons for the existence of BELIEVE are:
For Ministry
BELIEVE can be a useful source for when Pastors are assembling their Sermons. Many of the topics include very comprehensive discussions, especially the Advanced articles.
BELIEVE can also be helpful to Ministry when a Congregation member asks a question about an obscure subject. Refreshing that knowledge gained on Photius in Divinity School can be quickly done!
For testifying to others
BELIEVE is a useful information source when you are about to testify to someone of another Faith. Articles describing nearly all world belief systems are included. Knowing something about what a person presently believes will help you to intelligently comment on their beliefs, and then express the advantages of your belief system. This can help develop respect and credibility in you and make YOUR presentation more acceptable. Often, when Christians witness to others, they overlook why the person currently believes what he/she does, as though it is irrelevant, often because they know very little about that other belief system. This often comes across as extremely insulting! Here's a chance to improve the effect of your witnessing to others, by showing respect for them by intelligently discussing their current beliefs.
To confirm or deny a questionable comment made by a friend.
Sometimes, you hear someone say something religious that just sounds weird! Normally, you don't have quick access to reference books to research the topic, or you just don't want to invest hours tracking down such information. BELIEVE probably has useful information on that subject, available in just seconds. Knowing this, you might be more likely to “check it out!”
Two Children's Versions (Young and Older) are being worked on.
These are intended to help kids better understand some subjects that aren't often described very well for their level. We have the preliminary structure already present in our web-site. They are both still almost empty of text entries. The Younger Version will be targeted for ages about 5-9. The Older Version will be targeted for ages about 10-15. Assistance from interested parties is encouraged. Contact us by E-mail.

BELIEVE was first placed on the Internet in the Spring of 1997. Since then, there have been an amazing number of visitors to our site! It seems that most web-sites quickly brag about how much traffic comes to a site. Considering the content of this site, we feel that would be the wrong attitude. Large numbers are essentially irrelevant! Our interest is (hopefully!) always in each single visitor, with our efforts being to aid that person to better understand the Lord and religion and Christianity. If a person is able to get closer to a point of better committing to God (and Jesus), then our efforts are successful! So, as far as we are concerned, we have had ONE visitor, YOU! And, since you are important to God and Jesus, you are very important to us. We think that's the attitude Jesus would want us to have!

Also, we realize that you might be interested in knowing more about the organization that created and operates BELIEVE. Our Church, A Christ Walk Church is a relatively normal Protestant Christian Church. Our Statement of Faith of A Christ Walk Church is very similar to that of most Protestant Churches, although it might be more thoroughly presented! The most noticeable difference between our Church and other Protestant Churches is our special focus on always trying to figure out what Jesus might have said or done in each situation, and then act and speak appropriately. Basically, the result of this is that our Church seems to have much less dogma than many other Churches. Instead of applying any rigid formulation of response, we believe it is better to understand and respond to each situation of life individually. This statement should make the entire existence of BELIEVE a lot more logical, because it really fits in with the concept. Each visitor is an individual, unlike anyone else. It is our belief that if we provide sufficient accurate information, each visitor and his/her indwelling Holy Spirit will then be able to Discern the Truth for that person. We have another presentation which may be of interest, where the basic Meaning of Christianity is presented, as understood by our Church, at What Is Christianity, Anyway? We have noticed that recently, bumperstickers are beginning to appear with “WWJD” (What Would Jesus Do?) on them. We find that wonderful, very similar to what our Church has always tried to do and Teach.

We are certainly not perfect, and neither is BELIEVE. In this vein, it probably makes sense for us to admit to a significant “bias” that we know we have! BELIEVE currently does NOT contain a presentation on “Collection Plate” or “Donation” or “Mammon” because we are not sure we could “fairly” present such a topic. We have somewhat unusual attitudes toward that subject!

Shortly after the Editor of BELIEVE was Saved (at age 19), he was on vacation and attended a Church in Florida. “New” Christians are all especially enthusiastic, and that was true in this case. However, during an hour and a half Service, the Minister passed the Collection Plate FIVE times! They each were for reasonably valid reasons: the normal Collection; a collection to repair the Church parking lot and driveway; a collection for a building project toward having a Sunday School; a collection for a guest Minister; and a collection for a Christian music group that played during the Service. However, collectively, the experience was offensive to the Editor. Without being able to put a finger on exactly what was wrong, it just seemed like something was different from the way Jesus might have wanted it to be.

As a consequence of that experience, the Editor, and BELIEVE, have an intense attitude about keeping religious experience and learning as far as possible from money matters. Clearly, each Church MUST pay mortgages and utility bills and the staff's wages, so money must necessarily be present in the operation of each Church. But we have all seen examples where something has gone wrong and Ministry flies around in personal Learjets and rides around in chauffeured limousines. I guess our attitude is that we wish that the hour or two that we each share in the Lord's House each week, could be entirely focused on religious ideas, and that people would make their Offerings to their Churches without having to be “prodded” by the existence of a Collection Plate! But that's not realistic! We just hope that each Church uses good judgment (and consults their Holy Spirit!) regarding all subjects associated with money, in or out.

We see this as a pretty significant bias, and so we didn't feel we could fairly present a page on the subject! There are many reasons why your local Church NEEDS the funds from the Collection, so please be generous to them.

We have recently become aware of yet ANOTHER potential bias we might have!

We receive enormous amounts of e-mail, and some of it is critical mail from other Protestant Clergy members. In general, such mail attacks us for submitting our visitors to “wolves” (Matt 7:15; Acts 20:29). Their position is that we should intensely and exclusively present OUR perspectives and beliefs on the many subjects included in BELIEVE, and we should NOT include “alternate” perspectives at all! They believe that we introduce the possibility of confusion in our visitors by presenting various (seemingly credible) approaches on subjects that are centrally important to Faith. They believe that we commit outright sacrilege by openly presenting Catholic and Orthodox and other beliefs!

Well, they might be right about that, so we cannot defend our actions directly to them! They often also tell us that we are destined for Hell as a result of this aspect of BELIEVE! We hope that they are wrong about that!

We also receive a lot of mail applauding us for our “Ecumenical” approach!

We tend to think that neither is quite accurate, but for an apparently unusual reason! BELIEVE was created and is presented by our non-Denominational Protestant Christian Church, which is named A Christ Walk Church. This appears to be important in this area. Our Church has a special emphasis on Christian behavior along with all the standard Christian Teachings. We feel that Jesus demonstrated and discussed many “proper behaviors” in addition to the words of His Teachings. As a consequence of this, our Church sees specific importance in the END RESULT of Christian Ministry, basically, the condition of the hearts of those who listen. In our view, virtually the ONLY essential question at the end is “Is your heart Devoutly committed to the Lord?” We believe that that is the single question Jesus would be interested in, at the point someone is at the Gates of Heaven. We see that as logical, and our Ministry sees ALL Ministry in that light. Of course, we want to believe that our methods of Teaching are valid, but we recognize that there might be many other ways a person's heart might be brought to Devotion in the Lord.

We have a “quiz” for you! Virtually all Christians confidently feel that they are “IN” once they are Saved. We think that some may be being “optimistic” about this! Try this: As a mental exercise, in private, list TEN times when you have let the Lord down! Many Christians laugh at this, commenting that they fall short thousands of times, but this exercise is more challenging than you might think. Just remember that you are considering the Lord, so consider your “standards”.

A person might THINK that he/she is devout, but without an awareness of the many times we humans fall short, there seems the likelihood of a non-Christian arrogance. We think that awareness of a personal list of ten examples of shortcomings would confirm the status of that person's heart. The “scale” of those incidents would likely vary greatly from individual to individual, and it would remain a private matter between that person and the Lord.

The point of this exercise is that if you manage to think of ten different specific times you let the Lord down, you're probably on the right track. If you cannot think of any, or struggle to think of a couple, you might want to consider putting more effort into your Faith!

Our critics disagree! They feel that a Soul will be evaluated by the adherence to a whole variety of requirements. Each Church seems to Teach its own list of just what those requirements are. Many then absolutely insist that ONLY their Church knows the “correct” Teachings, and therefore that ONLY their members could ever enter Heaven. A recent series of communications with such a Protestant Pastor somewhat astounded me when he unequivocally stated that NO Catholic EVER in history has EVER gotten into Heaven! His Denomination has a few hundred thousand members, and he and the other Ministers in that Denomination Teach that only they could ever enter Heaven. When I pointed out that there are currently nearly a BILLION Catholics, and that many are VERY Devout, he said it was sad that so many people were so misled! When I mentioned remarkably Devout Catholic Saints, such as Saint Augustine, Saint Benedict, Saint Teresa of Avila, and Saint Dominic, he again absolutely insisted that they are all in Hell, because they followed the “wolves”.

Of course, he might be right! We have no absolute way of proving him wrong! And, if Jesus really DOES run Heaven where many strict “rules of admission” are applied, then, yes, most of us will be “out of luck” in happening to have chosen the “wrong” Church to attend.

We see two major problems in that situation. First, it seems to imply that Jesus is rather “legalistic” in who is allowed into Heaven, and we know from when He was with us that He was violently against the Jews for being legalistic in applying the “Law” of the Old Testament (example: Luke 13:14). Second, and, we think, even more importantly, is another implication regarding Jesus. We all believe that Jesus IS Love and Compassion, essentially the very definition of the words! So, our Church, with its special focus on behavioral issues, asks “Would a Compassionate Jesus participate in a Heaven where extremely Devout people who spent a lifetime committed to Him would be denied entry to Heaven?” Our emphatic response is that He would not and could not.

Yes, we Teach the Two Protestant Sacraments, Baptism and the Eucharist, and we Teach that Good Works spring FROM Christian Faith rather than being necessary to it, and we Baptize and have the other common beliefs of many Protestant Churches. But we think it would be very arrogant (therefore, non-Christian) to claim that WE alone knew how to prepare individuals for the Presence of the Lord. Therefore, we openly applaud ALL Churches that attempt to prepare the hearts of their followers for profound Devotion to the Lord, even when they follow methods which we might not agree with.

We do not have ANY good explanation as to how the Lord deals with this diversity in Heaven, only that, because of His Compassion, He does! So, a Devout Catholic, who was Taught a central importance in doing Good Works as a condition for Salvation (which we Protestants think is very wrong!) would still be welcomed with a Smile into Heaven, whether or not we understand why! Any other result would seem to imply a Lord whose Compassion is not what we want to believe it is.

Our conclusion from all this is that, prior to committing one's life to the Lord, a person may freely visit various Houses of Worship. Consider the deeper meaning of Baptism. Who did you intend to affect by being Baptized? We hope it was not for friends or family or a Church leadership. Our hope is that you (possibly even privately) became Saved (actually, we see that as being Baptized by the Spirit), committed to the Lord, and then were publicly (water) Baptized for only one purpose: To tell the Lord, “I am Yours, and I will forever demonstrate my Devotion TO YOU by strictly following the Rites and beliefs of THIS (your) Church.” As of that moment, each believer has the strict responsibility to follow THAT Church. You have essentially told the Lord “Judge me by THIS standard.” There is NO leeway. No room for interpretation on your part! If you happened to have chosen a Church that requires you to ask “How high?” when it tells you to jump, then you MUST, not for the Church, but to keep demonstrating to the Lord your total Obedience to Him. Just because a Church down the block does not require jumping, you have NO room to complain, and just better get good at jumping! Your Personal Promise to the Lord is on the line!

From the moment you are Baptized, IN A SPECIFIC CHURCH, then ONLY that Church's Christian Rites and beliefs have real meaning for you. Hopefully, your Church has valid beliefs and Rites. Beliefs and procedures in some other Church may be VERY different, and they may even seem incompatible with what you must follow. FOR YOU, it is irrelevant what the Christians in those other Churches must do. However, you should encourage them to be very Devout in their following of their own Church's Rites and beliefs. At the moment they were Baptized in those Churches, they made their own solemn Promise to the Lord to forever demonstrate their Faith to Him. (The exception to this are clearly aberrant groups that claim to be Churches.)

Some people have expressed concern about this regarding what would happen if they move or otherwise decide to attend a different Church, that these comments might seem to suggest that Salvation or Baptism would no longer have effect! No, that is not the concept we tried to describe here! We believe that in those situations, a simple and private conversation with the Lord would inform Him that you now wish to be evaluated by the new set of rules and behaviors of the new Church.

We might have another possible analogy to use here. When one gets married, one makes certainly commitments to another person, and we even then say “forever”. However, there are some individuals that either immediately or later start thinking and behaving as though they had never made such a commitment, that they are somehow free to be “making up their own rules” to follow. That is clearly unacceptable. We feel that it is critically important that a person not have the freedom to “decide what rules must be followed regarding the Lord.” So we insist that the existing set of rules regarding behaviors and attitudes of an existing Church be followed instead.

So, that is our concept, and our ONLY defense to those attackers who criticize us for being in league with the wolves! Many have directly implied that we might as well buy shovels now, as we will spend Eternity stoking the furnaces in Hell! And, again, we have no absolute way of knowing or proving that they are wrong, except our Faith in what WE believe the Lord to be, and that He IS Love and Compassion.

These few paragraphs might sound like a “commercial” on our part. They are not intended as such. But, we have received a number of such criticisms, and felt it necessary to allow readers to know both about the criticisms and our reasons for BELIEVE being the very “open” form that it is. In the event that this represents a “bias” we felt you should know about it!

One final comment about the “confusion” we might be causing and / or the “wolves” business: Another central belief of our Church is that the Holy Spirit is RIGHT THERE with EVERY visitor to BELIEVE, whether Christian, Seeker, or skeptic. Our belief is that that Holy Spirit will give guidance to each individual visitor, regarding the discernment of Truth. Therefore, we believe that, when we present various Christian scholars' broadly accepted views on our many subjects, the Holy Spirit will lead each visitor in finding the “correct” one for that person. This is why we don't have reservations about presenting positions that our Church happens to not agree with, and why we feel we can present such views fairly and honestly. And, as a responsibility to Jesus, we feel we are REQUIRED to do so!

So, if you should find anything in BELIEVE that appears to disagree with the Teachings of your Church, we recommend relying on those Teachings first, but possibly asking informed questions at the right time and in the right place. They probably have EXCELLENT reasons for their beliefs and Teachings!

Now, whether our approach represents an “Ecumenical” perspective, we do not know. The result is similar, of a tolerance and acceptance of other Churches, but we see it as being for a rather different reason than most Ecumenical efforts are initiated. And we don't see need for “conformance” to some common set of beliefs, but rather a recognition that the Lord Smiles on ALL of the diversity of Christian approaches. We acknowledge that God's Plan for us is far beyond our capability to completely understand.

Our impression is that Churches generally concentrate on the specific “means” toward becoming a Christian and we tend to concentrate more on the “end” of actually BEING a Devout Christian. We don't see that it means we disagree, but just that we do not see cause to argue among Churches in how they each accomplish it! Actually, we tend to see value in WHATEVER a Church feels it needs to do to prepare the hearts of its Congregation members, so we are actually a fan of (nearly) all of them!

We have a page with additional comments on our Simple Christian beliefs.

BELIEVE also includes thorough and fair presentations of all of the other major belief systems of the world. Again thinking of how Jesus might treat such subjects, we think that He would be open and honest, having Faith that Christianity can “hold its own” when honest and complete information is available about all options. We do not think that He would have been “secretive” in avoiding discussing other religions and their good and bad points. Therefore, we try to follow His lead in BELIEVE. We put those subjects down at the bottom of the list, separate from the Christian subjects.

You probably consider yourself to be one of the “children of God”, don't you? More than that, a child of the One, True God, Whom Abraham worshipped and Who communicated with Moses to provide us with what we commonly call the Ten Commandments? There are a LOT of people who would make those statements! Protestant Christians carefully study the Bible (Old Testament and New Testament) to learn how to Worship Him. Roman Catholic Christians use a combination of the Bible and Traditions to do the same. Jews use only the Old Testament, which they call the Torah, in order to know how to Worship God. Muslims use a combination of part of that same Old Testament, which they call Taurah, along with their Koran, to learn how to Worship the very same God, Whom they call Allah. All of these people consider themselves to be “children of God”, the One God of Abraham. Interesting? Yet many of these children of God absolutely insist that the others are all Devil worshippers and therefore sinful! Many Christians, who actually know virtually zilch regarding what Muslims believe, get ferociously vicious at ME for pointing out that Jesus, the Father, Jehovah, YHWH, Allah and many other Names like Adonai ALL refer to the One True God Whom Abraham first Worshipped. They never have enough background to explain WHY or HOW the God of Abraham who WE Worship is somehow exactly opposite of the God of Abraham that Muslims worship many times every day!

Actually, we suspect that many Christians will be amazed to find that Muslims' Holy Koran tells the stories of Adam and Abraham and Israel and Moses and many others on whom our Faith is based. It seems that few Christians realize that their Allah is One and the Same God as Who the Jews call YHWH (Yahweh, or Jehovah) and Whom we Christians call Father. Certainly, their stories have differences from our Bible, but the many similarities are something to consider! Again, we know that Jesus would be absolutely confident that Christians would not have their Faith weakened by learning about such things, but it might assist all of us to learn to get along better together.

Actually, we note that God originally forbade anyone to even say His Name! It would probably be extremely healthy if we did that today. A Christian would then say that he/she Worships “the One, True God of Abraham, Moses and Adam.” Which is EXACTLY the same thing that Jews and Muslims would say! The later appearance of that One True God walking the Earth as Jesus, tends to cause massive confusion, both in many Christians and in most non-Christians. Many Christians are so focused on Jesus that they forget that the First Commandment made very clear that there is actually One True God, which Jesus therefore has to also be! The idea of SON of God might be comforting but the First Commandment makes clear that it is technically not possible, that Jesus WAS and IS the SAME One True God, which the Trinity Concept was created (about 200 years later) to try to explain! Non-Christians (Jews and Muslims) are more focused on Moses' Ten Commandments and therefore concentrate on the “One True God” aspect and think that Christians are Worshipping “somebody else” and therefore, very properly, find error in that as seeming to conflict with the First Commandment.

On this point, the Koran and Islam hold Jesus in very high esteem, considering Him a Prophet, and even expecting Him to some day Return! It is our suspicion that Muhammad (the initiator of Islam) misunderstood the Christian concept of the Trinity. At several places in their Koran, there are statements that clearly indicate that Muhammad thought that Christians considered Jesus to be a SECOND God, and Muhammad aggressively defended the First Commandment statement that there is One True God (which all Muslims repeat at least five times every single day). It is our suspicion that if Muhammad had fully understood the concept of the Trinity (One God), he would have realized that the One True God had Chosen to walk the earth six hundred years earlier as Jesus! With that adjustment, Christianity and Islam become surprisingly similar in basic beliefs!

Their belief system seems to have a number of errors in it regarding Christianity, such as the impression that the Christian Trinity is Father, Jesus, and the Virgin Mary! (Koran Sura 5.116) This is interesting, since Muslims believe that every word of the Koran is precisely accurate because it came directly from God (Allah) to Muhammad. Our point is that it is not nearly as “foreign” as many people think.

While we're on this tangent, we'd like to ask Christian readers why Muslims insist on facing Mecca for all their prayers! Do you know? It's because of a single thing, a building in Mecca, called the Kaaba. Muslims believe that Abraham (yup, OUR Abraham!) built the Kaaba, and they recognize Abraham as being the very first “true” believer, because he was willing to sacrifice his own son for the Lord. We find that interesting! Each person is free to interpret such things however they wish!

If this interests you, we have created a small presentation which is absolutely compatible with all Christian beliefs and is also completely compatible with all Muslim beliefs. It is at: Compatibility.

Obviously, these comments do not include the militant terrorist Muslims, who have grave errors in their understanding of their own Islam. They don't seem to be aware of the surprisingly peaceful tone of what Islam actually tries to teach. They seem to ignore the many times where their Koran emphasizes brotherhood with Jews and Christians, as brother “believers of the Book (the Torah, the first five Books of the Bible)”. It is very sad that the vast majority of peace-loving Muslims are painted to seem so evil by the actions of a small number of extremely dangerous people. It is certainly true that we think that Muslims have many incorrect ideas and beliefs, particularly regarding Jesus, Mary and Christians. But it is interesting to note the many similarities, too.

Most of the BELIEVE entries are included in a downloadable package file. Download all our files to download the BELIEVE Program.

You may also want to visit A Christ Walk Church, our Non-Denominational Christian Church, our Church's fully-functional, non-denominational Church presentation and Service on the Internet. The environment is meant to be as similar as possible to that in a conventional Church. There are weekly Services. Sounds and music are intended to be part of the experience, which will be meant to encourage singing along. After the Service, you could join the Pastor and others in the Congregation in a (chat room) discussion group, to have a casual conversation about that week's topic or anything else on your mind. Private conversation is also possible.


E-mail to:

Information about the Editor of BELIEVE.

This BELIEVE Home Page address is at:

Whole Subject list

Listed Alphabetically
Change to List by Prominence

Change to Small Alphabetical Lists

Christian subjects


Ten Commandments, Decalogue
Thirty-Nine Articles
4000 Early Christian Manuscripts
Jesus on the Cross, Seven Words on the Cross


Testament of Abraham
Acts of the Apostles
Adiaphora, Adiaphorist
Adoption (Religious)
Adoptionism, Adoptianism
Miscellaneous Early Epistles Epistle of Adrian
Adventism, Seventh-Day Adventists
Holy Spirit, Advocate
Baptism, Affusion (Pouring Baptism)
Agape, Love
Agrapha of Jesus
FourSquare Gospel Church, Aimee Semple McPherson
Alexandrian Theology
Patriarchs of Alexandria
Amana Church Society
American Holiness Movement
Millenarianism, Amillennialism
Book of Amos
Amyraldianism, Amyraldism, Amyraut
Writings of John Calvin
Saint Andrew
Anglican Communion
Saint Anne
Antiochene Theology
Patriarchs of Antioch
Miscellaneous Early Epistles Epistle of Antonius
Book of Revelation, Book of the Apocalypse
Apocalypse of Peter
Apocrypha (Old Testament)
New Testament Apocrypha
Apostles Creed
Apostolic Fathers
Apostolic Succession
Summa Theologiae, Saint Thomas Aquinas
Gabriel Archangel
Arguments for the Existence of God
Arising of Jesus
Ark of the Covenant
Armenian Church
Worldwide Church of God, Armstrongism
Ascension of Jesus
Ascetical Theology
Ash Wednesday
Asian Theology
Baptism, Aspersion (Sprinkling Baptism)
Assumption of Mary
Athanasian Creed
Saint Athanasius
Atonement b
Augsburg Confession
Saint Augustine of Hippo
Miscellaneous Early Epistles Epistle of Aurelius to Senate
Church Government, Authority in Church
Authority in Church
Authors, Contributors
Hail Mary, Ave Maria


Baptism Believer's
Baptism Infant
Baptism Lay
Baptism Modes
Baptism Trine
Baptism Triune
Baptism of Christ
Saint John's Baptism
London Baptist Confession of Faith
Southern Baptist Confessions of Faith
New Hampshire Baptist Confession
Epistle of Barnabas
Saint Bartholomew
Book of Baruch
Council of Basel
Baptism Believer's
Beatitudes of Christ
Belgic Confession
Belgic Confession - text
Benedictines, Saint Benedict
Jewish Genesis (Advanced), Bereshit
Preface to the 1611 King James Authorized Version Bible
Inerrancy, Bible Infallibility
Literal Translation of the Bible
Romanized Bible Text
Translating the Bible
Biblical Archaeology
Authority in the Bible
Biblical Criticism (Textual)
Chronology of the Bible, Sequence of all important in Christianity
Coptic Versions of the Bible
Biblical Theology Movement
Date of Birth of Jesus, by several Analytical Methods
Dominicans, Black Friars
Beatitudes, Bless, Blessings
Jesuits, Bollandists
Book of Concord
Brethren, Dunkers, Dunkards
Hutterian Brethren
Plymouth Brethren
Roman Catholic Breviary
British Israelitism
Ultradispensationalism, Bullingerism
Byzantine Rite


Religious Calendar Date Converter
John Calvin
Writings of John Calvin
Bible Contents, Canon of the Bible
History of the BibleEarly Canon of the New Testament
BibleCanon of the Old Testament
BibleCanon of the New Testament
CanonCanon of the Bible
CanonCanon Law
Canons of Dort
Canons of Dort - text
Heidelberg Catechism
Heidelberg Catechism - text
Puritan Catechism
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Popes
Ecumenical Church Councils Catholic
Council of Chalcedon
Charismatic Movement
Choosing a Church, Chart of Denominations
Jesus as a Child
Adventism, Chiliasm
Confirmation, Chrismation
Jesus Christ
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Christ's Life
Miracles Performed by Jesus 39
Christadelphians Thomasites
Baptism, Christening
Bible (Christian)
4000 Early Christian Manuscripts
Christian Brothers
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ
Meaning of the word Christian (Practical Definition)
What Does It Mean To Be Christian?
Christian Humanism
Christian Music History
Christian Science
Christian View of Philosophy
Christian Zionism
Christianity and Science are Compatible, Amazingly
Genesis and Science are Compatible
National Conference of Christians and Jews
Book of Chronicles
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Chronology of Jesus Life
Chronology of Jesus Life (Catholic Article)
Chronology of the Bible, Sequence of all important in Christianity
Saint John Chrysostom
Church Government
Church of England
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ
Church of the Nazarene
Churches of Christ
First Epistle of Clement of Rome to the Corinthians
Introductory Note to Clement of Alexandria (153-217 AD)
Exhortation to the Heathen - Clement of Alexandria
The Instructor - Book I - Clement of Alexandria
The Instructor - Book II - Clement of Alexandria
The Instructor - Book III - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book I - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book II - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book III - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book IV - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book V - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book VI - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book VII - Clement of Alexandria
The Stromata, or Miscellanies - Book VIII - Clement of Alexandria
Manuscript Fragments of Clement of Alexandria
On the Salvation of the Rich Man - Clement of Alexandria
Origen's Hexapla
History of the Bible Codex Vaticanus (B)
History of the Bible Codex Sinaiticus (aleph)
Codex Vaticanus (B)
Codex Sinaiticus (aleph)
Codex Alexandrinus (A)
Codex Amiatinus (am)
Codex Bezae (D) Bezæ
Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (C) Ephræmi
History of the Bible, Codex, Codices
Epistle to the Colossians
Holy Spirit, Comforter
Book of Common Order
Book of Common Prayer
Eucharist, Communion
Comparative Religion
Bible Contents, Books of the Bible
Book of Concord, Formula of Concord
Confession, Confessions of Faith
Helvetic Confession
Helvetic Confession - text
Belgic Confession
Belgic Confession - text
Augsburg Confession
Puritan Confession of Faith
Westminster Confession of Faith - text, Puritan Confession text
Geneva Confession of Faith
Westminster Confession of Faith, London Confession
Westminster Confession of Faith - text, London Confession text
London Baptist Confession of Faith
Episcopal Confession
Scottish Confession
Southern Baptist Confessions of Faith
Methodist Articles of Religion, Free Methodist Articles of Religion
New Hampshire Baptist Confession
Reformed Church Beliefs
Council of Constance
Patriarchs of Constantinople
Councils of Constantinople
Transubstantiation Consubstantiation
Authors, Contributors
Coptic Versions of the Bible
Coptic Church
Epistle to the Corinthians
Ecumenical Church Councils Catholic
Orthodox Church Listing of Synods and Councils
Council of Basel
Council of Chalcedon
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Fourth Ecumenical Council. Council of Chalcedon
Council of Constance
Councils of Constantinople
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Second Ecumenical Council. First Council of Constantinople
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Fifth Ecumenical Council. Second Council of Constantinople
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Sixth Ecumenical Council. Third Council of Constantinople
Council of Ephesus, Third Ecumenical Council.
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Third Ecumenical Council., Council of Ephesus
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Third Ecumenical Council. Council of Ephesus (cont'd)
Council of Ferrara-Florence
Lateran Councils
Council of Lyons
Council of Nicaea Nicæa
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The First Council of Nice., Council of Nicaea
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The First Council of Nice., Council of Nicaea (cont'd)
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The Second Council of Nice., Second Council of Nicaea, Seventh Ecumenical Council, Second Council of Nice.
The Seven Ecumenical Councils. The 85 Apostolical Canons., Second Council of Nice (cont'd)
Council of Trent
First Vatican Council
Second Vatican Council
Council of Vienne
Covenant of Works
Covenant of Grace
Covenant Theology
Covenant Covenanters
Nicene Creed
Apostles Creed
Athanasian Creed
Cross, Crucifix
Jesus on the Cross
Stations of the Cross
Hour of Power, Crystal Cathedral
Religious Cults


John Damascene
Book of Daniel
Date of Birth of Jesus, by several Analytical Methods
King David
Sin, Seven Deadly Sins
Death of God Theology
Ten Commandments, Decalogue
Meaning of the word Christian
Faiths and Denominations
Choosing a Church, Chart of Denominations
Apocrypha (Old Testament), Deuterocanonical Books
Book of Deuteronomy
Disciples of Christ, Campbellites
Shepherding Movement, Discipleship Movement
Dispensation, Dispensationalism
Ultradispensationalism, Dispensationalism, Dispensation
Progressive Dispensationalism
Divine Immanence
Divine Transcendence
Doctors of the Church
Doctrine of Man in the Old Testament
Dominicans, Saint Dominic
Canons of Dort
Canons of Dort - text
Predestination, Double Predestination
Filioque Controversy, Double Procession
Brethren, Dunkards, Dunkers


4000 Early Christian Manuscripts
Church Calendar Calculator, Easter Automatic Calculator
Eastern Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Rite Catholic Churches
Eastern Rite Churches, Uniate Churches
Book of Ecclesiastes
Ecumenical Church Councils Catholic
Garden of Eden, Eve
Covenant Edenic Covenant
Edersheim References
Effectual Calling
Elect, Election
Church of England, Anglican Church
Epistle to the Ephesians
Council of Ephesus
Episcopal Church
Episcopal Confession
Esdras Book of Esdras I and II
Book of Ezra Book of Esdras I and II
Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes (advanced)
Book of Esther
Evangelical United Brethren Church, EUB
Eusebius of Caesarea
Monophysitism, Eutychianism
Gospel, Evangelion
Garden of Eden, Eve
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Events in Jesus Life
Ex Opere Operato
Book of Exodus
Book of Ezekiel
Book of Ezra


Sola Fide, By Faith Alone
Fatalism, Fate
Saint Felicitas and Saint Perpetua
The Holy Martyrs Perpetua and Felicitas - Tertullian
Council of Ferrara-Florence
Filioque Controversy
First Vatican Council
Christian Fish Symbol
Stigmata, Five Wounds
Book of Concord, Formula of Concord
Forty Martyrs
Four Spiritual Laws
FourSquare Gospel Church
Determinism, Freedom, Free Will
Methodist Articles of Religion
Augustinians, Augustinian Friars
Franciscans, Friars Minor, Gray Friars
Dominicans, Friars Preachers, Black Friars
Carmelites, White Friars
Society of Friends - Quakers
OT Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus 100


Gabriel (Archangel)
Epistle to the Galatians
Genealogy of Jesus
Book of Genesis
Jewish Genesis
Jewish Genesis (Advanced)
Genesis and Science are Compatible
Geneva Confession of Faith
Spiritual Gifts
Glory, Glorify
Charismatic Movement, Gift of Tongues, Glossolalia
Adiaphora Gnesio-Lutherans
God, Jehovah, Elohim, YHWH, Yahweh, Adonai, Allah
Names of God, Jehovah, Elohim, YHWH
Trinity, Godhead
Gospel, Godspel, Godspell
Good Friday
Good Works
Gospel According to John
Gospel According to Luke
Gospel According to Mark
Gospel According to Matthew
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Harmony of the Gospels
Gospel of Thomas
Covenant of Grace
Franciscans, Gray Friars
Great Schism
Tribulation, Great Tribulation


Book of Habakkuk
Book of Haggai
Hail Mary
Christian Halo
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Harmony of the Gospels
Epistle to the Hebrews
Transliteration of Hebrew characters
Heidelberg Catechism
Heidelberg Catechism - text
Helvetic Confession
Helvetic Confession - text
Shepherd of Hermas
The Pastor of Hermas (Shepherd of Hermas) - Introduction
The Pastor of Hermas (Shepherd of Hermas) - Book One
The Pastor of Hermas (Shepherd of Hermas) - Book Two
The Pastor of Hermas (Shepherd of Hermas) - Book Three
The Pastor of Hermas (Shepherd of Hermas) - Elucidations
Heresies as described by the Second Ecumenical Council in 381 AD
Origen's Hexapla
Mass, High Mass
Arising of Jesus
Historical Controversy over Sin
History of the Bible, Septuagint
American Holiness Movement
Eucharist, Holy Communion
Holy Family
Holy Innocents
Mass, Holy Liturgy (Orthodox)
Holy Orders
Major Orders
Holy Spirit, Holy Ghost
Holy Week
Theology of Hope, Hope Theology
Book of Hosea
Hour of Power
Angelus, Hours
Household Salvation
Hutterian Brethren


Epistles of Ignatius, Epistle of Ignatius to the Ephesians
Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians
Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians
Epistle of Ignatius to the Romans
Epistle of Ignatius to the Philadelphians
Epistle of Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans, Smyrnæans, Smyrna, Smyrnæans
Epistle of Ignatius to Polycarp
Introductory Note to the Syriac Version of the Ignatian Epistles
Miscellaneous Ignatius Letters
Ignatius Epistles to St. John
Miscellaneous Ignatius Letters
Martyrdom of Ignatius
Spurious Epistles of Ignatius
Immaculate Conception of Mary
Divine Immanence
Indian Theology
Inerrancy, Bible Infallibility
Baptism, Infant
Words Inscribed on the Cross, INRI
Book of Isaiah
Irenaeus, Irenæus - Against Heresies: Book I - Irenæus
Irenaeus, Irenæus - Against Heresies: Book II - Irenaeus
Irenaeus, Irenæus - Against Heresies - Book III - Irenæus
Irenaeus, Irenæus - Against Heresies - Book IV - Irenaeus
Irenaeus, Irenæus - Against Heresies - Book V - Irenæus
Fragments from the Lost Writings of Irenæus
Elucidation regarding Irenaeus, Irenæus texts


Epistle of James
Saint James
Protevangelium of James
Jehovah's Witnesses
Book of Jeremiah
Saint Jerome
Liturgy of Jerusalem
Jesus Christ
Sequential Life of Jesus, from the Gospels, Chronology of Jesus Life
History of Jesus Life Early Documents Regarding the History of Jesus Life
Miracles Performed by Jesus 39
Jesus as a Child
Jesus on the Cross
Arising of Jesus
Baptism of Christ
OT Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus 100
Jewish Genesis
Saint Joachim
Book of Job
Book of Joel
Saint John
John the Baptist
Carmelites, Saint John of the Cross
Saint John's Baptism
Gospel According to John
Epistles of John
Theology of John
Book of Jonah
Saint Joseph
Joseph of Arimathea, Arimathæa
Book of Joshua
Feast of Jubilees
Judas Iscariot
Epistle of Jude
Saint Jude
Divine Judgment
Book of Judges
Book of Judith


Book of Kells, Illuminated Manuscripts
Kenotic Theology, Kenosis
Book of Kings
Preface to the 1611 King James Authorized Version Bible
Knights of Columbus


Book of Lamentations
Last Judgment
Lord's Supper, Last Supper
Lateran Councils
Mormon, Latter-Day Saints
Articles of Faith of the Mormon Church, Latter-Day Saints Beliefs
Baptism Lay
Book of Leviticus
Liberal Catholicism
Liberal Evangelicalism
Theological Liberalism
Liberation Theology
Literal Translation
Liturgy of Jerusalem
Hagiography Lives of Saints
Westminster Confession of Faith, London Confession
Westminster Confession of Faith - text, London Confession text
London Baptist Confession of Faith
Lord's Prayer
Lord's Supper
Agape Love
Mass, Low Mass
Gospel According to Luke
Saint Luke
Theology of Luke
Martin Luther
Luther's Small Catechism
Luther's 95 Theses
Lutheran Church, Lutheranism
Council of Lyons
History of the Bible, LXX


Book of Maccabees
Machpela, Machpelah
Religious Orders
Major Orders
Majoristic Controversy
Book of Malachi
Doctrine of Man in the Old Testament
Manichaeism, Mani, Manichæism
Manuscripts of the Bible
Marburg Colloquy
Marist Brothers
Gospel According to Mark
Saint Mark
Theology of Mark
Marrow Controversy
Justin Martyr First Apology of Martyr
The Second Apology of Justin for the Christians Addressed to the Roman Senate Second Apology of Martyr
Dialogue of Justin, Philosopher and Martyr, with Trypho, a Jew
Justin Martyr Discourse to the Greeks - Martyr
Justin Martyr on the Sole Government of God
Justin Martyr on the Resurrection
Justin Martyr on the Resurrection Fragments
Martyrdom of Justin Martyr
Martyrdom of Polycarp
Virgin Mary
Assumption of Mary
Immaculate Conception of Mary
Mary Magdalene
Mathetes Epistle of Mathetes - Diognetus
Gospel According to Matthew
Saint Matthew
Theology of Matthew
Saint Matthias
Maundy Thursday
FourSquare Gospel Church, Aimee Semple McPherson
Mediating Theology
Melchior, Melchiorites
Menno Simons
Mercersburg Theology
Methodist Articles of Religion
Book of Micah
Millenarianism, Millennialism
Adventism, Millerites
Miracles Performed by Jesus 39
Monarchianism, Modalism
Theological Liberalism, Modernism
Baptism, Modes
Monotheism and World Religions
Monotheism and the Old Testament
Monotheism and the Trinity
Monotheism and the New Testament
Moral Theology
Moravian Church
Mormon, Mormonism
Articles of Faith of the Mormon Church, Mormon Beliefs
Sin, Mortal Sin
Muratorian Canon, Muratori Fragment of Bible
Christian Music History


Book of Nahum
Names of God
Natural Theology
Church of the Nazarene
Nazareth Stone
Book of Ezra, Book of Nehemiah
New England Theology
New Hampshire Baptist Confession
New Haven Theology
New Light Schism
New School Theology
New Testament Theology
Council of Nicaea Nicæa
Nicene Creed
Non-Denominational Christian Churches
Novation Schism
New Testament References to Old Testament Scriptures
Book of Numbers
Number of Christians Through History


Book of Obadiah
Oberlin Theology
Mass, Offering (orthodox)
Old Catholics
Old School Theology
Jesus on the Cross
Origination of One-God Belief Systems
Benedictines, Order of Saint Benedict, OSB
Major Orders
Sacraments, Ordinance
Oriental Orthodox Church
Origen's Hexapla
Doctrine of Man in the Old Testament Origin of the Soul
Original Sin
Orthodox Church Beliefs
Eastern Orthodox Church
Oriental Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church Listing of Synods and Councils
Oxford Movement


Baptism, PaedoBaptism, PædoBaptism
Palm Sunday
Holy Spirit, Paraclete
Parker Society
Passion Week, Passion Cycle, Passion Play
Monarchianism, Patripassianism
Apostolic Fathers Patristic Era
Patron Saints
Saint Paul
Theology of Paul
Perfection, Perfectionism
Saint Felicitas and Saint Perpetua
Epistles of Peter
Saint Peter
Apocalypse of Peter
Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes (advanced)
Epistle to Philemon
Saint Philip
Epistle to the Philippians
Philosophy of Religion
Major World Philosophers
Philosophical Terms
Christian View of Philosophy
Pontius Pilate
Acta Pilati
Christian Music History, Plainsong
Plymouth Brethren
Polycarp Epistle of Polycarp - Philippians
Martyrdom of Polycarp Epistle on Martyrdom - Polycarp
Roman Catholic Popes
Positive Thinking
Pre-Existence of Christ
Preface to the 1611 King James Authorized Version Bible
Millenarianism, Premillennialism, Postmillennialism
Ministry Priesthood of All Believers
Priscillian, Priscillianism
Process Theology
Progressive Dispensationalism
Dispensation, Progressive Revelation
Prophet, Prophecy
OT Prophecies Fulfilled by Jesus 100
Proportion of Faith
Protestant Ethic
Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation - II
Protestant Scholasticism
Protevangelium of James
Book of Proverbs
Book of Psalms, Psaltery
Puritanism, Puritan
Puritan Catechism
Puritan Confession of Faith
Westminster Confession of Faith - text, Puritan Confession - text


Society of Friends - Quakers


Radical Reformation
Rapture of the Church
Redemption, Redeemer
Protestant Reformation - II Reformation
Protestant Reformation - II
Reformation and Confessions
Reformed Church
Reformed Church Beliefs
Major Religions of the World
Faiths and Denominations, Religions
Religious Cults
Religious Orders
Major Orders
Resurrection of the Dead
Book of Revelation
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Popes
Romanized Bible Text
Epistle to the Romans
Book of Ruth


Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes (advanced)
Saint Andrew
Saint Athanasius
Benedictines, Saint Benedict
Dominicans, Saint Dominic
Saint James
Saint John
Carmelites, Saint John of the Cross
John the Baptist
Saint Jerome
Saint Joseph
Saint Jude
Saint Luke
Saint Mark
Virgin Mary
Saint Matthew
Saint Paul
Saint Peter
Saint Stephen
Carmelites, Saint Teresa of Avila
Saint Thomas
Saint Veronica
Salvation Army
Household Salvation
Book of Samuel
Saint Paul, Saul
Great Schism
Scholasticism Philosophy
Hour of Power, Robert Schuller
Genesis and Science are Compatible
Christianity and Science are Compatible, Amazingly
Scottish Realism
Scottish Confession
Second Coming of Christ
Second Vatican Council
Sect, Sectarianism
Secularism, Secular Humanism
History of the Bible, Septuagint
Sermon on the Mount
Jesus on the Cross, Seven Words on the Cross
Sin, Seven Deadly Sins
Shepherding Movement
Shrove Tuesday
Sibylline Oracles
Menno Simons
Historical Controversy over Sin
Sin, Mortal Sin
Sin, Seven Deadly Sins
Shepherd of Hermas
Saint Simon the Apostle
History of the Bible Codex Sinaiticus
Codex Sinaiticus
Book of Sirach
Society of Friends - Quakers
Jesuits, Society of Jesus
Sola Fide, Solafidianism
Song of Solomon
Salvation, Soteriology
Soul Sleep
Doctrine of Man in the Old Testament Origin of the Soul
Southern Baptist Confessions of Faith
Inquisition (Spanish)
Spiritual Gifts
States of Jesus Christ
Statement of Faith (see the various Confessions entries)
Articles of Faith of the Mormon Church, Statement of Mormon Faith
Stations of the Cross
Saint Stephen
Stigmata, Five Wounds
Infralapsarianism, Sublapsarianism
Summa Theologiae, Theologiæ
Swedenborgian Church


Mount Tabor
History of the Bible Targum
Ten Commandments
Carmelites, Saint Teresa
Introductory Note to Tertullian (145-220 AD)
The Apology - Tertullian
On Idolatry - Tertullian
The Shows, or De Spectaculis - Tertullian
The Chaplet, or De Corona - Tertullian
To Scapula - Tertullian
Ad Nationes - Book I - Tertullian
Ad Nationes - Book II - Tertullian
Ad Nationes - Appendix - Tertullian
An Answer to the Jews - Tertullian
The Soul's Testimony - Tertullian
A Treatise on the Soul - Tertullian
Introduction, by the American Editor - Tertullian
The Prescription Against Heretics - Tertullian
Introduction to the Five Books Against Marcion - Tertullian
Five Books Against Marcion - Book I - Tertullian
Five Books Against Marcion - Book II - Tertullian
Five Books Against Marcion - Book III - Tertullian
Five Books Against Marcion - Book IV - Tertullian
The Five Books Against Marcion - Book V - Tertullian
Against Hermogenes - Tertullian
Against the Valentinians - Tertullian
On the Flesh of Christ - Tertullian
On the Resurrection of the Flesh - Tertullian
Against Praxeas - Tertullian
Scorpiace - Tertullian
Appendix. Against All Heresies - Tertullian
On Repentance - Tertullian
On Baptism - Tertullian
On Prayer - Tertullian
ad Martyras - Tertullian
The Holy Martyrs Perpetua and Felicitas - Tertullian
Of Patience - Tertullian
Names of God, Tetragrammaton
Theodore of Mopsuestia
Theology of Hope
Theological Liberalism
Theology of John
Theology of Matthew
Theology of Mark
Theology of Luke
Theology of Paul
Paulinism Theology of Paul
New Testament Theology
Alexandrian Theology
Antiochene Theology
Ascetical Theology
Asian Theology
Biblical Theology Movement
Covenant Theology
Death of God Theology
Indian Theology
Kenotic Theology
Liberation Theology
Mediating Theology
Mercersburg Theology
Moral Theology
Natural Theology
New England Theology
New Haven Theology
New School Theology
Oberlin Theology
Old School Theology
Process Theology
Epistle to the Thessalonians
Thirty-Nine Articles
Saint Thomas
Gospel of Thomas
Summa Theologiae, Saint Thomas Aquinas
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Saint Thomas Christians
Epistle to Timothy
Epistle to Titus
Book of Tobit
Tomb of the Blessed Virgin Mary?
Gift of Tongues
Charismatic Movement Tongues
Divine Transcendence
History of the Bible, Translations of the Bible
Translating the Bible
Transliteration of Hebrew characters
Council of Trent
Baptism Trine
Baptism Triune
Tubingen School
Twelve Tribes of Israel


United Church of Christ


First Vatican Council
Second Vatican Council
History of the Bible Codex Vaticanus
Codex Vaticanus
Saint Veronica
History of the Bible, Versions of the Bible
Council of Vienne
Virgin Birth
Virgin Mary
Volunteers of America
History of the Bible Vulgate


Way International
Wesley (John)
Wesleyan Tradition
Westminster Confession of Faith
Westminster Confession of Faith - text
Western Schism
West-Syrian Rite
Carmelites, White Friars
Book of Wisdom
Witnessing Witness, Witnessing
Jesus on the Cross, Seven Words on the Cross
Words Inscribed on the Cross, INRI
Good Works
Covenant of Works
Major Religions of the World
Worldwide Church of God


Jehovah, Yahweh
Jehovah, YHWH


Book of Zechariah
Book of Zephaniah
Christian Zionism
Ulrich Zwingli

Other Religions (introductory text and Christian subjects are above)

A - B

Testament of Abraham
Abu Bakr
Ancestor Worship
Ashari (Sunni)
Bar Mitzvah
Jewish Genesis Bereshit
Jewish Genesis (Advanced) Bereshit
Black Muslims
Hinduism, Brahmanism
Zen Buddhism

C - G

Early Islamic History Outline
Comparing the Bible's Old Testament with the Talmud
Confucianism, Confucius
Fatimids (Shia)


Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Musnad, Isnad Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Musnad, Isnad Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Musnad, Isnad Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Musnad, Isnad Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Musnad, Isnad Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Musnad, Isnad Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Musnad, Isnad Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari
Hadiths, al-Bukhari, Volume 9, Musnad, Isnad ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari
Hanafi (Sunni)
Hanbali (Sunni)
Hare Krishna


Imams (Shia)
Early Islamic History Outline
Ishmael, Ismail
Islam, Muhammad
Calendar Islamic
Ismailis (Shia)


Jafari (Shia)
Jewish Articles of Faith, Jewish Beliefs
Calendar Hebrew
National Conference of Christians and Jews
Feast of Jubilees

K - L

Kaaba, Black Stone
Yom Kippur
Koran, Qur'an
Law of the Sabbath


Machpela, Machpelah
Mahayana Buddhism
Maliki (Sunni)
Maturidi (Sunni)
Unification Church, Moonies
Islam, Muhammad
Interactive Muslim Calendar
Mutazili Theology

N - Q

Native American Church
Nusayri (Shia)
Worldliness, Otherworldliness
Pillars of Faith
Primitive Religion
Qarmati (Shia)


Rosh Hashanah


Law of the Sabbath
Sahih, al-Bukhari
Shafi (Sunni)
Shiites, Shia
Sikhs, Sikhism
Jewish Articles of Faith, Statement of Jewish Faith
Sunnites, Sunni


Comparing the Bible's Old Testament with the Talmud
Theravada Buddhism
Transcendental Meditation
Transmigration of Souls
Feast of Trumpets

U - Z

Unification Church
Yom Kippur
Zaydi (Shia)
Zen Buddhism