Traducianism traducianism

Advanced Information 先進的信息

One of four theories of the origin of the individual soul, ie, that the soul, as well as the body, comes from the parents. Alternatives are: (1) preexistence of all souls, held by, eg, Origen and Mormons; (2) reincarnation; (3) creationism, whereby God creates a fresh soul for each body.其中四個理論的起源,個體的靈魂,即認為靈魂,以及為機構,是來自父母,尋找辦法是: (一) preexistence的所有心靈,持有,如淵源和摩門教; ( 2 )輪迴; ( 3 )神創論,即上帝創造了一個新鮮的靈魂,為每一個機構。

Direct biblical evidence is nonexistent, and conclusions must be based on deductions.聖經的直接證據是不存在時,和結論必須基於扣減。 In favor of traducianism:主張traducianism :

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息來源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects我們所列出的2300名宗教科目
E-mail電子郵件
Traducianism was held by Tertullian and many Westerns; since the Reformation by Lutherans; also by the Eastern church. traducianism舉行,由戴爾都良和許多西方人,由於改革所lutherans ;也由東方教會。 Roman Catholics and most Reformed theologians are creationists, though Shedd and Strong favor traducianism. 羅馬天主教徒和大多數改革神學家們創論,雖然謝德強青睞traducianism 。 Modern studies in heredity and psychosomatic unity are indecisive, but can easily be interpreted on the traducianist side.現代研究,在遺傳與心身團結,是舉棋不定,而且可以很容易被解釋為對traducianist方。

JS Wright js賴特
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
AH Strong, Systematic Theology啊強,有系統的神學


Traducianism traducianism

Catholic Information 天主教資訊

Traducianism (tradux, a shoot or sprout, and more specifically a vine branch made to take root so as to propagate the vine), in general the doctrine that, in the process of generation, the human spiritual soul is transmitted to the offspring by the parents. traducianism ( tradux ,射殺或發芽,並更具體的藤蔓分行作出紮根等,以宣傳藤) ,在一般的理論認為,在這一過程中的一代,但人的精神靈魂,是傳遞給後代所父母。 When a distinction is made between the terms Traducianism and Generationism, the former denotes the materialistic doctrine of the transmission of the soul by the organic process of generation, while the latter applies to the doctrine according to which the soul of the offspring originates from the parental soul in some mysterious way analogous to that in which the organism originates from the parent's organism.當一個區分條款traducianism和generationism ,前者是指物質主義的傳播靈魂,由有機物的過程中產生,而後者則適用於該學說根據其中的靈魂子代來源於父母靈魂,在一些神秘的方式類似,在其中的有機體來源於父母的有機體。 Traducianism is opposed to Creationism or the doctrine that every soul is created by God. traducianism是反對神創論或學說認為,每一個靈魂,是上帝創造的。 Both, however, against Emanationism and Evolutionism (qv) admit that the first human soul originated by creation.兩者,但對emanationism與進化論(請參閱)承認第一人的靈魂來源於創造。 They differ only as to the mode of origin of subsequent souls.他們唯一的不同,以該模式起源隨後的靈魂。

In the early centuries of the Christian Church, the Fathers who touch upon this question defend the immediate creation of the soul.我國早在幾百年的基督教教堂,父親談談這個問題,保衛即時創作的靈魂。 Tertullian, Apollinaris, and a few other heretics advocate Traducianism, but the testimony of Saint Jerome (Epist. cxxvi, 1) that "the majority of Oriental writers think that, as the body is born of the body, so the soul is born of the soul" seems exaggerated, as no other writer of prominence is found to advocate Generationism as certain.戴爾都良,亞坡理納,和其他幾個異端主張traducianism ,但證詞中的聖杰羅姆( epist. cxxvi ,一日)表示, "絕大多數的東方作家認為,因為該機構是出生的身體,使靈魂誕生的魂" ,似乎誇大了,因為沒有其他作家的是突出了發現倡導generationism一些。 Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Macarius, Rufinus, Nemesius, although their views on this point are not always clear, seem to prefer Generationism.聖格雷戈里的nyssa ,米加利阿斯, rufinus ,內梅修斯,雖然他們的意見,就這一點並不總是清楚的,似乎寧願generationism 。 After the rise of Pelagianism, some Fathers hesitate between Generationism and Creationism, thinking that the former offers a better, if not the only, explanation of the transmission of original sin.後崛起的佩拉糾學派,有些父親猶豫之間generationism和神創論,以為前者提供一個更好的,如果不是唯一的解釋傳輸的原罪。 Among them Saint Augustine is the most important.其中聖奧古斯丁是最重要的。 Creationism is held as certain by the Scholastics, with the exception of Hugh of Saint Victor and Alexander of Hales, who propose it merely as more probable.神創論是舉行一些由scholastics ,除休聖維克多和亞歷山大的hales ,誰提出的,它只不過是隨著越來越多的可能。 In recent times Generationism has been rejected by all Catholic theologians.最近一個時期generationism已經拒絕了所有的天主教神學家。

Exceptions are Froschammer who defends Generationism and gives to the generation of the soul from the parents the name of secondary creation; Klee and Ubaghs who leave the question undecided; Hermes who favours Generationism; Gravina who advocates it -- and Rosmini who asserts that the sensitive soul is generated by the parents, and becomes spiritual when God illuminates it and manifests to it the idea of being which is the foundation of the whole intellectual life.例外的是froschammer人辯護generationism並給予一代的靈魂,從家長的名義二次創作;克利和ubaghs誰假的問題作出決定; Hermes的人贊成generationism ;格拉維納主張-和羅斯米尼人聲稱敏感靈魂,是由家長,並成為精神時,上帝照亮它體現了它的思想,正在這是立黨之本,整個智力生活。 From the philosophical point of view, the reasons alleged in favour of Generationism have little or no value.從哲學的角度來看,原因據稱贊成generationism很少或沒有價值。 The parents are really generators of their offspring even if the soul comes from God, for the generative process is the condition of the union of body and soul which constitutes the human being.家長真的是發電機的後代即使靈魂來自於上帝,為的生成過程是視察該聯盟的軀體和靈魂構成的人。 A murderer really kills a man, although he does not destroy his soul.一名殺人犯,實在殺死一名男子,雖然他不破壞他的靈魂。 Nor is man inferior to animals because they generate complete living organisms, since the difference between man and animals comes from the superiority of the human soul and from its spiritual nature which requires that it should be created by God.也不是人不如動物,因為它們產生完整活的生物體,因為區別人與動物來自於優勢的人的心靈,並從它的精神本質要求,它應當上帝創造的。 On the other hand the reasons against Generationism are cogent.在另一方面的原因,對generationism是有力的旁證。 The organic process of generation cannot give rise to a spiritual substance, and to.有機過程的一代不能產生一種精神實質,並以。 say that the soul is transmitted in the corporeal semen is to make it intrinsically dependent on matter.說靈魂是轉發,在有形的精液是使它在本質上依賴於此事。 The process of spiritual generation is impossible.過程中的精神一代是不可能的。 since the soul is immaterial and indivisible, no spiritual germ can be detached from the Parental soul (cf. St. Thomas, "Contra gent." II, c 86; "Sum. theol." I:90:2, I:98:2, etc.).自從靈魂,是無關重要的和不可分割的,沒有精神上的胚芽可以脫離父母的靈魂(參見聖托馬斯,成了" Contra根特" 。二, c 86 " ;款項。 theol "我: 90:2 ,我: 98 : 2 ,等等) 。 As to the power of creation, it is the prerogative of God alone (see CREATION, VI).以權力創造,它是特權的只有上帝(見創作,六) 。

Theologically, corporeal Traducianism is heretical because it goes directly against the spirituality of the soul. theologically ,有體traducianism之邪,因為它直接同靈性的靈魂。 As to Generationism, it is certainly opposed to the general attitude of the Church.至於generationism ,這是必然反對的一般態度教會。 Froschammer's book, "Ueber den Ursprung der menschlichen Seelen", was condemned in 1857, and Ubaghs's opinion expressed in his "Anthropologiae philosophicae elementa" was reproved in a letter of Cardinal Patrizi written by authority of Pius IX to the Archbishop of Mechlin (2 March, 1866). froschammer的新書" ueber書齋ursprung明鏡menschlichen seelen " ,譴責在1857年,並ubaghs的意見,表示在他的" anthropologiae philosophicae elementa "被譴責,在一封信中的樞機柏德寫的權威比約九大主教梅克林( 3月2日, 1866 ) 。 Moreover, Anastasius II in a letter to the bishops of Gaul (498) condemns Generationism (Thiel, "Epistolae Romanorum Pontificum", 634 sqq.).此外, anastasius二,在給主教們的高盧( 498 )譴責generationism ( Thiel ) , " epistolae romanorum pontificum " , 634 sqq ) 。 In the Symbol to be subscribed to by Bishop Peter of Antioch (1053), Leo IX declares the soul to be "not a part of God, but created from nothing" (Denzinger, 348).在符號被訂閱到主教彼得安提( 1053 ) ,利奧第九宣布靈魂,以"不參與上帝的,但創造了從無到有" (登青格, 348 ) 。 Among the errors which the Armenians must reject, Benedict XII mentions the doctrine that the soul originates from the soul of the father (Denzinger, 533).其中錯誤而亞美尼亞人必須拒絕,本篤第十二提到主義的靈魂來源於靈魂的父親(登青格, 533頁) 。 Hence, although there are no strict definitions condemning Generationism as heretical, it is certainly opposed to the doctrine of the Church, and could not be held without temerity.因此,雖然沒有嚴格的定義,譴責generationism為異端,它必然反對中庸之道,教會,並不能召開竟然。

Publication information Written by CA Dubray.出版信息書面由CA迪布雷。 Transcribed by Tomas Hancil and Joseph P.Thomas.轉錄由Tomas漢奇爾和Joseph頁托馬斯。 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XV.天主教百科全書,體積十五。 Published 1912. 1912年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特Appleton還公司。 Nihil Obstat, October 1, 1912. nihil obstat , 1912年10月1日。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人頭馬lafort ,性病,檢查員。 Imprimatur. imprimatur 。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰farley樞機主教,大主教紐約


Also, see:此外,見:
Soul 靈魂
Origin of the Soul 原產地的靈魂

This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


Send an e-mail question or comment to us: E-mail發送電子郵件的問題或意見給我們:電子郵箱

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at主要相信網頁(和索引科目),是在