Ten Commandments, Decalogue十誡,十誡

General Information 一般資料

A basic set of divine laws in the Bible, also called the Decalogue (from the Greek deka, "ten," and logos, "word"), the Ten Commandments form the fundamental ethical code of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. According to the biblical narrative, God gave the commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai and inscribed them on two stone tablets.一組基本的神聖的法律,在聖經中,也被稱為十誡(從希臘deka , "十大"和標識, "字" ) ,十誡命,形成基本的道德行為守則的猶太教,基督教和伊斯蘭教,據聖經中的敘事,上帝給的誡命,摩西在西奈山和刻有他們兩個石碑。 Moses broke the tablets in anger when he found his people worshiping the Golden Calf, but eventually he replaced them and enshrined them in the Ark of the Covenant.鄭慕智破片在憤怒時,他發現他的人崇拜金犢,但最終他取代了他們,並規定它們在約櫃。 Two slightly different versions of the commandments are found in Exod.兩個略有不同版本的誡命,是發現在exod 。 20:1 - 17 and Deut. 20:1 -1 7和d eut。 5:6 - 21. 5點06分-2 1。

Two traditions are also adhered to for listing the commandments.兩個傳統,也是堅持以上市誡命。 Lutherans and Roman Catholics consider the opening prohibitions against false worship as one commandment, whereas most other Protestants and the Eastern Orthodox follow the Hebrew tradition of dividing them into two. lutherans和羅馬天主教徒考慮開放禁止虛假崇拜作為一個戒律,而其他大多數新教徒和東部正統後續希伯來傳統的劃分成兩個。 The latter maintain the number at ten by combining the final prohibitions against covetousness.後者保持的人數在十年結合最終禁止covetousness 。

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The opening commandments concern reverence for the one God, who will tolerate no rivals; the making and worship of graven images is forbidden, as is taking God's name in vain; observance of the Sabbath is enjoined.開幕誡命關注崇敬一個上帝,他們不會容忍任何對手;決策和崇拜graven圖像是被禁止的,因為是在上帝的名義白費;遵守安息日,是受命。 The other commandments regulate human relationships: the injunctions to honor one's parents and the bans on killing, adultery, stealing, false witness, and covetousness.其他誡命,調節人與人之間的關係:禁制令榮譽之一的父母及禁止殺戮,姦淫,偷竊,作假見證,並covetousness 。 The New Testament summarizes the Decalogue in the two great commandments (Mark 12:28 - 31).新約聖經總結了十誡中兩個偉大的誡命(馬克12:28 -3 1) 。

Bibliography 參考書目
S Goldman, Ten Commandments (1963); E Nielsen, Ten Commandments in New Perspective (1968). s高盛,十誡( 1963年) ;電子尼爾森,十誡中的新視角( 1968年) 。


Ten Commandments十誡

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The Ten Commandments (Ex. 34:28; Deut. 10:4, marg. "ten words") ie, the Decalogue (qv), is a summary of the immutable moral law.十誡(例如: 34:28 ; deut 。 10時04分,馬格" 10字" ) ,即十誡(請參閱) ,是一個概括性的,一成不變的道德律。 These commandments were first given in their written form to the people of Israel when they were encamped at Sinai, about fifty days after they came out of Egypt (Ex. 19:10-25).這些誡命,首次給予其以書面形式提交給以色列人民當他們紮營在西奈,約50天之後,他們來到出埃及(如19:10-25 ) 。 They were written by the finger of God on two tables of stone.他們撰寫的手指上帝對兩桌的石頭。 The first tables were broken by Moses when he brought them down from the mount (32:19), being thrown by him on the ground.第一桌被打斷,摩西的時候,他把他們也帶來了下來,從山( 32:19 ) ,被他放在地上。 At the command of God he took up into the mount two other tables, and God wrote on them "the words that were on the first tables" (34:1).在指揮的上帝,他接手進入摩其他兩個桌子,並寫了上帝對他們"的話就被第一統計表" ( 34:1 ) 。 These tables were afterwards placed in the ark of the covenant (Deut. 10:5; 1 Kings 8:9).這些表格後,被放置在方舟的盟約(申命記10時05分, 1國王8時09分) 。 Their subsequent history is unknown.隨後將其歷史是未知之數。 They are as a whole called "the covenant" (Deut. 4:13), and "the tables of the covenant" (9:9, 11; Heb. 9:4), and "the testimony."他們是作為一個整體,所謂的"盟約" (申命記4時13分) ,和"桌子的盟約" ( 9時09分, 11人;以弗所書9時04分) ,及"證詞" 。 They are obviously "ten" in number, but their division is not fixed, hence different methods of numbering them have been adopted. The Jews make the "Preface" one of the commandments, and then combine the first and second.他們顯然是"十"人數多,但他們的分工是不固定的,因此不同的方法編號,他們都被採納。 猶太人,使"前言"之一的誡命,然後結合起來,第一次和第二次。 The Roman Catholics and Lutherans combine the first and second and divide the tenth into two. 羅馬天主教徒和lutherans結合起來,第一次和第二次分裂的十分之一一分為二。 The Jews and Josephus divide them equally. 猶太人和約瑟夫分化他們同等的待遇。 The Lutherans and Roman Catholics refer three commandments to the first table and seven to the second. 該lutherans和羅馬天主教徒指三個誡命,以第一張表格,並在七至第二。 The Greek and Reformed Churches refer four to the first and six to the second table. 希臘和改革教會指4至第一和六至二就座。 The Samaritans add to the second that Gerizim is the mount of worship. 撒瑪利亞會放入第二個說,蓋裡濟姆是摩的崇拜。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓說明字典)


Decalogue十誡

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Decalogue is the name given by the Greek fathers to the ten commandments; "the ten words," as the original is more literally rendered (Ex. 20:3-17).十誡是名字是由希臘語父親十誡" , 10個字" ,因為原文是更從字面上作出的(如20:3-17 ) 。 These commandments were at first written on two stone slabs (31:18), which were broken by Moses throwing them down on the ground (32:19).這些誡命的人,在第一次書面上的兩個單石( 31:18 ) ,其中被打斷,摩西投擲下來放在地上( 32:19 ) 。 They were written by God a second time (34:1).他們寫的都是神,第二次( 34:1 ) 。 The decalogue is alluded to in the New Testament five times (Matt. 5:17, 18, 19; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Rom. 7:7, 8; 13:9; 1 Tim. 1:9, 10).十誡是暗示,在新約聖經的5倍。 ( 5時17分,第18 ,第19條;馬克十;盧克18時20分;光碟。 7時07分, 8名; 13時09分,一添。 1時09分, 10 ) 。 These commandments have been divided since the days of Origen the Greek father, as they stand in the Confession of all the Reformed Churches except the Lutheran.這些誡命已劃分自天的淵源希臘的父親,因為他們站在供認一切改革後,除教堂路德。 The division adopted by Luther, and which has ever since been received in the Lutheran Church, makes the first two commandments one, and the third the second, and so on to the last, which is divided into two.表決通過路德,並已自收到了在路德教會,使第一兩條誡命,其中,第三,第二等,到最後,這是一分為二。 "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house" being ranked as ninth, and "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife," etc., the tenth. "你不可貪圖你的鄰居之家"被評為第九屆, "你不可貪圖你的鄰居的妻子說: "等,第十屆。


The Ten Commandments十誡

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The Ten Commandments represents the basic law of the covenant formed between God and Israel at Mount Sinai; though the date of the event is uncertain, the commandments may be dated provisionally in the early part of the thirteenth century BC In Hebrew, the commandments are called the "Ten Words," which (via Greek) is the origin of the alternative English title of the commandments, namely the Decalogue.十誡代表著基本法的盟約之間形成了上帝和以色列在西乃山;雖然確切的日期,以及該活動是不確定的,誡命,可追溯到暫時在早期的一部分, 13世紀,在公元前希伯來語,誡命,是所謂的" 10字" (途經希臘) ,是原產地的替代英文名稱的誡命,即十誡。 The commandments are recorded twice in the OT; they appear first in the description of the formation of the Sinai Covenant (Exod. 20:2-17) and are repeated in the description of the renewal of the covenant on the plains of Moab (Deut. 5:6-21).誡命都記錄兩次,在城市旅遊局,他們首先出現在描述形成西奈盟約( exod. 20:2-17 ) ,並多次在描述延長該公約平地的單抗( deut 。 5:6-21 ) 。

The commandments are described as having been written on two tablets.誡命被形容為被寫上兩片。 Each tablet contained the full text; one tablet belonged to Israel and the other to God, so that both parties to the covenant had a copy of the legislation.每片載全文,其中片劑屬於以色列和其他上帝,讓當事雙方盟約了一本有關法例。 The first five commandments pertain basically to the relationship between Israel and God; the last five are concerned primarily with the forms of relationships between human beings.第一個五年誡命涉及基本上以中兩國關係和上帝;過去五年而言,主要與形式的關係,人的人。

The commandments must be interpreted initially within the context of the Sinai Covenant, which was in effect the constitution of the state in process of formation during the time of Moses and his successor Joshua.誡命必須解釋初期是按照當時的背景下,埃及西奈盟約,這是在對個別國家憲法在形成過程中的時候,摩西和他的繼任者約書亞。 Because God was the one who enabled Israel to move toward statehood, as a consequence of his liberating the chosen people from slavery in Egypt, he was also to be Israel's true king.因為上帝是一個人,使以色列走向建州,作為一個後果,他的解放所選定的人,從在埃及為奴,他也被以色列的真正國王。 As such, he had the authority to establish Israel's law, as is made clear in the preface to the commandments.因此,他有權力,以建立以色列的法律,是明確了在序言中,以誡命。 Thus, the commandments were initially part of a constitution and served as state law of the emerging nation of Israel.因此,戒律最初的一個組成部分,憲法,並作為國家法律的新興民族的以色列。

The fundamental principle upon which the constitution was established was love.基本原則依據憲法成立,是愛。 God had chosen his people and freed them from slavery only because he loved them.上帝選擇了他的人,並釋放了他們從奴隸制不僅是因為他愛他們。 In turn, he had one fundamental requirement of Israel, that they love God with the totality of their being (Deut. 6:5).反過來,他有一個基本的要求,以色列,他們的愛與上帝的全部,他們正(申命記6時05分) 。 This commandment to love is provided with a commentary and explanation.這一戒律愛是提供一個評論和解釋。 As to how the commandment to love might be fulfilled, the first five commandments indicated the nature of the relationship with God which would be an expression of love for God.至於如何誡愛可能實現,第一個五年的誡命,表示這種關係的性質與上帝這將是一個表達對上帝的愛。 The second five commandments go further and indicate that love for God also has implications for one's relationships with fellow human beings.第二個五年誡命,更進一步表明,對上帝的愛也影響到一個人的關係,人類同胞。

The interpretation of the commandments in their initial context is the source of debate; the following comments indicate in broad outline their primary thrust.釋義的誡命,在其初次背景,是從源頭上的辯論;以下評論表明概括他們的主要推力。

The Ten Commandments functioned first as a part of the constitutional law of a nation; in the teaching of Jesus, they became the ethic of the kingdom of God, adding substance and direction to the "first and great commandment," that we to the "first and great commandment," that we love God with the totality of our beings (Matt. 22:37-38).十誡毛病,一是作為一個部分的憲制性法律,一個民族的,在基督的教導,他們成為自食其力的神的國度,加上實質和方向,以"第一大誡命說, "我們向"第一大誡命, "我們熱愛上帝與整體,我們的人。 ( 22:37-38 ) 。 The commandments as such are not the basis of salvation; rather, to those who have found salvation in the gospel of Jesus Christ, they are a guide toward that fulness of life in which love for God is given rich expression.誡命,因為這些都是沒有依據的救贖,而對那些已經找到救贖的福音的耶穌基督,他們是引導實現這一fulness生活中對上帝的愛是給予豐富的表達。

PC Craigie電腦craigie
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
W. Harrelson, The Ten Commandments and Human Rights; E. Nielsen, The Ten Commandments in New Perspective; A. Phillips, Ancient Israel's Criminal Law: A New Approach to the Decalogue; JJ Stamm and ME Andrew, The Ten Commandments in Recent Research.小harrelson ,十誡和人權;體育尼爾森, 10誡命,在新的視角;甲菲利普斯,古代以色列的刑事法:一種新的方法來十誡; stamm的JJ我和鄭家富, 10誡命,在最近的研究。


The Ten Commandments十誡

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From: Home Bible Study Commentary by James M. Gray 來自:主頁聖經研究評論詹姆斯米灰色

Exodus Chapter 20:1-11流亡章20:1-11

The Division of the Commandments該司的誡命

The commandments have generally been divided into two "tables": the first including the first four commandments embracing our duty to God, and the second the last six embracing our duty to man (Matt. 22:37-40). The Roman Catholic Church has a different arrangement from the Protestant, making but one commandment of the first two, and in order to maintain the number ten dividing the last into two. 誡命,一般都被分成了兩個"統計表" :第一,包括第一個四年的誡命,擁抱我們的責任就是向上帝,第二個問題在過去六年概括性的,我們有責任到人。 ( 22:37-40 ) 。羅馬天主教會有不同的安排,由新教,而是一個戒律的首兩年,並為了保持人數除以十的最後一分為二。 The result is that some of their devotional books omit altogether the last half of the first commandment, or what we call the second, which forbids idolatry.結果是,他們的一些靈修書籍略去共有近半個月的第一誡,或我們所稱的第二,禁止偶像崇拜。 Their motive for doing this, to any who are familiar with the worship of that Church, is easily discerned.他們的動機這樣做,任何人都熟悉與崇拜的教會,是很容易分辨。

Exodus Chapter 20:1-11流亡章20:1-11

The First Table of the Law第一張表格的法律

The Preface序文

vv.維維。 1, 2 What is meant by "God spake"? 1 , 2指的是什麼"上帝spake " ? Compare Deut.比較deut 。 5:12, 13, 32, 33, and the conclusion seems irresistible that, as was stated in a preceding lesson, they refer to an articulate voice. 5時12分, 13 , 32 , 33 ,和結論似乎是不可阻擋的,正如在前面的教訓,他們指的是一個明確的聲音。 Notice the authority by which He speaks: "I am the LORD" (Jehovah), the self-existent, independent, eternal fountain of all being, who has the right to give law to all the creatures He has made.公告管理局據此,他說: "我是耶和華" (耶和華) ,自我存在的,獨立的,永恆的噴泉所有,誰有權依法給予所有的生物,他取得了。 Notice the restriction to the Israelites: "thy God," not only by creation but by covenant relationship and by the great redemption He has wrought in their behalf: "Which have brought thee out, etc."公告限制,要對以色列人說: "你的神" ,不僅創作,而是由盟約關係,並通過偉大的救贖,他緊張得要命,在他們的代表說: "這使你的,等等" 。 How inexcusable their disobedience under these new circumstances!如何不可原諒,他們抗命根據這些新情況! And ours also, who as Christians have been redeemed by Christ from a bondage infinitely worse, and at a cost unspeakable!和我們同時,他們作為基督徒已贖回由基督從束縛無限更糟的是,在成本無法形容!

Exodus Chapter 20:12-26流亡章20:12-26

First Commandment第一誡

v. 3 "None other gods before Me" means as antagonists in My eyes, "as casting a shade over My eternal being and incommunicable glory in the eye of the worshipper."五,三" ,沒有別的神我"的意思,作為拮抗劑在我的眼中, "作為鑄造蔭,我的永恆福祉和incommunicable榮耀中眼睛的媚" 。 The primary reference is to the idols the heathen worshipped, not that they really worshipped the idols, but the gods supposedly represented by them.主要參考的是偶像了異教徒崇拜,而不是他們真正崇拜的偶像,但神理應代表他們。 Nor yet are we to imagine these were real gods, for there is none other God save One, but rather demons (Lev. 17:7; Deut. 32:17; Psalm 106:37; 1 Cor. 10:19, 20).也不是我們想像,這些都是真正的神,是沒有其他上帝拯救一個,而是魔( lev. 17時07分; deut 。 32:17 ;詩篇106:37 1肺心病。十, 20 ) 。 How awful to think that even now, professing Christians worship demons through Spiritism, clairvoyance, palmistry and related occultisms (Deut 18:9-22)!怎樣惡劣認為即使是現在,自稱基督徒崇拜惡魔通過spiritism ,千里眼,掌相及相關occultisms ( deut 18:9-22 ) ! Moreover, in the application of this and all the commandments, we should remember that they lay their prohibitions not on the outer conduct merely but the inner actings of the spirit.此外,在適用本及所有誡命,我們必須記得,他們奠定自己有禁不止,對外層空間的行為,但只是內部actings的精神。 See Christ's Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:20-48) and Paul in Romans 7;7-11.見耶穌的山上寶訓。 ( 5:20-48 )和保羅在羅馬書7項; 7-11 。 Hence there may be idolatry without idols in the vulgar sense, and also without worshipping demons in any form.因此有可能是無偶像崇拜的偶像,在庸俗感,也沒有崇拜魔鬼任何形式的。 "Whatsoever seeks happiness in the creature instead of the Creator, violates this commandment." "什麼謀幸福的,在受造物而不是造物者,違反了這個戒律" 。

Exodus Chapter 20:12-26流亡章20:12-26

Second Commandment第二誡

vv.維維。 4-6 A "graven image" is made of wood, stone or metal; a "likeness" is a picture of any kind as distinguished thereform. 4-6 " graven形象" ,是木頭,石頭或金屬; "相似性"是一個圖片任何形式的傑出thereform 。 The "water under the earth" means "lower in level" than the earth. "水根據地球"的意思是"低層次" ,比地球。 Was any manifestation of God seen at Sinai (Deut. 4:12, 15)?任何表現神的露面是在西奈(申命記4時12分, 15歲) ? The Israelities were not to make these things.該israelities人不得把這些東西。 What command was laid upon them when others made them?什麼指揮奠定了他們,當其他人,使他們嗎? What warning is contained in this commandment?哪些警告是包含在這誡命? Is God "jealous" in the sense of passion, or as expressing the feeling of a holy Being against evil (Deut. 32:21, etc.)?是上帝"眼紅" ,在意義上的激情,或作為表達感情的一個神聖的反邪(申命記32:21 ,等等) ?

How does this commandment show the responsibility of parents?請問這個誡命顯示,有責任的父母? Do you suppose this responsibility is limited to this sin?你是否認為這責任是有限的,以本罪嗎? Did not Israel at this time have a striking illustration of it in Egypt?沒有以色列在這個時候有一個鮮明的例子,它在埃及? Had not their persection by that people begun just four generations before, and was not the nation now reaping what had been then sown?沒有他們的persection由人們開始剛剛四代之前,而不是民族,現在收穫了什麼,然後被埋下的? "Unto the third and fourth generations of them that hate Me. Here two thoughts suggest themselves: (1) there is no difference between forsaking God and hating Him; (2) it is not only them that hate Him, ie, follow in the footsteps of their fathers, who will be visited with the punishment (Ezek. 18:20). Perhaps also a third thought is pertinent, viz: that this warning only applies to the temporal effects of sin and not its eternal consequences, hence a son who turns to God, although he may through the working of divinely-ordained laws of nature suffer physical consequences here, will be spared eternal consequences hereafter. "賜給了第三和第四代的他們,我恨這裡的兩個思考自己的建議: ( 1 )沒有什麼區別,因此放棄上帝與恨他; ( 2 ) ,這不僅是他們恨他,即跟隨在腳步聲,他們父輩,他們將參觀與處罰( ezek. 18時20分) ,或許也是第三次思想是貼切的,即:這種警告僅適用於時序的影響,單而不是其永恆的後果,因此,一個兒子滿神,雖然他可能通過工作的神聖-受戒自然規律遭受有形後果這裡,將不遺餘力永恆的後果來世。

"Mercy unto thousands of generations" the Revised Version reads. "慈悲所不欲,成千上萬的一代"的修訂版本,內容。 See also Deut.也見deut 。 7:9. 7時09分。 Of this also Israel had an illustration before their eyes, as they were now gathering the mercy destined for them in the faithfulness of their father Abraham "Of them that love Me and keep My commandments."這也是以色列有一個例子發生在眼前,因為他們現在已收集運往慈悲為他們在忠於自己的父親亞伯拉罕" ,他們說,愛我,守我誡命的" 。 Behold what is meant by loving God, viz: keeping His commandments; a declaration which "gives a new character to the whole decalogue, which thus becomes not a mere negative law of righteousness, but a positive law of love"!看哪是什麼意思熱愛上帝,即:保持他的誡命;一項宣言" ,提供了一種新的字符到整個十誡,因而成為不只是消極的法律是正義的,而是一個積極的法律戀愛" ! Let us not conclude these reflections without remarking how far the Greek, Roman, and even some of the Protestant churches have fallen in this regard.讓我們不要結束這些思考,沒有remarking多遠希臘,羅馬,甚至一些新教教會有下降,在這方面。 From the use of crosses and relics as aiding their bodily senses and quickening devotion, it has been easy to advance to altars, images and pictures not only of the Holy Ghost and Christ but of the Virgin, and the saints and martyrs without number, until at last these objects have themselves become, at least to the ignorant, actual objects of worship.從使用十字架和文物,為協助其身體感官和加快奉獻,但已不易事先向神壇,圖像和圖片,不僅聖靈和基督,但維爾京,和聖人和烈士無編號,直到在過去這些物體本身也成為,至少無知,實際崇拜對象。 And what superstition, profanation and mockery have grown out of it all!什麼迷信,褻瀆和嘲弄成長出來的一切! And shall not a jealous God visit for these things?不得嫉妒上帝訪問這些東西嗎?

Exodus Chapter 20:12-26流亡章20:12-26

Third Commandment第三誡

v. 7 The "name" of God is that by which He makes Himself known, the expression of His Godhead; hence to take that name "in vain" is to violate His essence.五七"名稱"神的是,其中他自己知道,表達他的神的源頭,因此,採取這種命名為"白費" ,是違反了他的本質。 The word for "vain" signifies what is false as well as vain, so that all false swearing or perjury which would make God a witness to a lie, as well as all light or frivolous uses of His name or attributes in conversation, are here prohibited.字為"白費" ,意味著什麼是假的,以及徒勞無功,讓一切虛假宣誓或做偽證這將使上帝的見證一個謊言,以及所有輕或無聊利用他的名字或屬性,在交談中,在這裡禁止之列。 This does not mean judicial oaths, however, which, as we see by Christ and His apostles, may be acts of Worship in which we solemely call God to witness to the truth (Jer. 4:2).這並不意味著司法宣誓,然而,正如我們所看到的是耶穌和他的門徒,可行為的崇拜,使我們solemely呼籲上帝見證真相( jer. 4時02分) 。 But what of blasphemy and profanity by which some interlard their speech, using such expressions as "God," "Lord," "Christ," "the Lord knows," "O heavens!"但那些褻瀆和褻瀆,其中一些interlard他們的講話,用這些詞句, "上帝" , "主" , "基督" , "上帝知道, "劃" O老天爺" ! "My goodness!" "我的善良" ! and the like (Matt. 5:33-37)?和其它類似。 ( 5:33-37 ) ? God "will not hold him guiltless" that does these things.以神之名"就不會與之他無罪" ,但這這些事情。 Look at Psalm 139:20, and see who they are that take His name in vain, and then read Mal.看看詩篇139:20 ,看看他們是誰考慮他的名字白費,然後閱讀仲裁法。 3:5. 3時05分。 The third commandment, is of the same gravity as the two preceding, guarding the deity of God as those do His unity and spirituality (Murphy).第三戒律,是對同一重力作為前兩次,護衛神上帝,因為那些做他的團結和靈性(墨菲) 。

Exodus Chapter 20:12-26流亡章20:12-26

Fourth Commandment第四誡

vv.維維。 8-11 How does the first word here indicate an earlier origin than Sinai for the institution of the Sabbath? 8-11請問第一個字在這裡顯示較早比原產地西奈該機構的安息日? How early was that origin?如何早期是原居地? How does this show that the Sabbath is an obligation for all men, Christians as well as Jews?請問這個證明安息日是一種義務,為所有男人,基督教徒和猶太人? But "remember" points not simply to an act of memory but a commemoration of the event.但"記住"點不只是一種行為的記憶,而是為紀念這次活動。 Lev.列弗。 23:3 and Num. 23時03分和序號。 28:9, 10 confirms this. 28:9 , 10證實了這一點。 But it is the "Sabbath" day and not necessarily the seventh day that is to be remembered.但它是"安息日"的一天,而不一定是第七天了,那就是忘記的。 This means one day of rest after every six, but not according to any particular method of computing the septenary cycle.這意味著一天的休息後,每半年,但不是根據任何特定方法計算septenary週期。

Though the Jewish Sabbath was kept on Saturday, Christians are in accord with the spirit of the commandment in keeping Sunday enriching the original idea of the day of rest by including that of the new creation when our Redeemer rose from the dead. How does God provide for our hallowing of this day, and what is His definition of such hallowing? 雖然猶太安息日被關上週六,基督教徒均符合精神的誡命保持週日,豐富了原有的想法一天的休息所包括的新的創造,當我們的救贖主從死裡怎麼沒有上帝提供我們hallowing的這一天,什麼是他的定義,例如hallowing ? When He says: "Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work," is it an injunction merely, or may it be considered as a permission?當他說: " 6天,本當你的勞動,並竭盡你的工作" ,它是一個純粹的禁制令,或可能,它被視為一種許可? Some think there is a diffference between "labor" and "work," the latter term being the more inclusive as involving the management of affairs and correspondence to the word "business."有些人認為是有diffference之間的"勞動"和"工作" ,後者作為更具有包容性,因為涉及的管理事務和書信向"生意" 。

How is the equality of husband and wife recognized in the wording of this commandment (10)?又是怎樣平等的夫妻承認在措詞上的這一戒律( 10 ) ? The responsibility of parents and employers?責任的家長和雇主? The rights and privileges of employees?權利和特權的僱員呢? The proper treatment of the lower animals?妥善處理低下動物? To what further extent did the obligation of the Israelite extend?到什麼程度進一步做義務的israelite延長? Has this any bearing on the present obligation of our nation to compel an observance of the Sabbath on the part of our alien population?這個任何影響本義務的,我們的民族,迫使一個遵守安息日對我們的一部分外來人口? Is anything more than secular or servile work intended in this prohibition?什麼事情是比世俗或奴性的工作,打算在這一禁令? Did not Jesus both by precept and example give liberty for works of love, piety and necessity?沒有耶穌都言教和榜樣,讓自由的作品,愛情,孝道與必要性? (Mark 2: 23-28; John 5:16, 17). (注2 : 23-28 ;約翰5:16 , 17 ) 。

What historical reason is assigned for this commandment (11)?什麼歷史原因,是分配給這個誡命( 11 ) ? And what additional in Deut.什麼額外deut 。 5:15?下午5時15嗎? We thus see that God's authority over and His loving care for us combine to press upon us the obligation of the Sabbath day to say nothing of its advantage to us along physical and other material lines.因此,我們看到上帝的權威和他的愛對我們的關心結合起來,以新聞後,我們有義務在安息日更遑論其優勢,我們沿著身體和其他材料。 And thus its observance becomes the characteristic of those who believe in a historical revelation, and worship God as Creator and Redeemer.因此它成為遵守的特點那些相信歷史的啟示,並崇拜上帝的創造者和救贖。 Questions 1.問題1 。 Can you recite Matthew 22:37- 40?你能背誦馬太22時37分-4 0嗎? 2. 2 。 To what demonolatry are some professing Christians addicted?什麼demonolatry有些自稱基督徒成癮? 3. 3 。 Can you recite Ezekiel 18:20?你能背誦以西結18時20分? 4. 4 。 How do we show love to God?我們又如何證明愛上帝嗎? 5. 5 。 Are you breaking the third commandment in ordinary conversation?你打破了第三誡,在普通的談話內容? 6. 6 。 What two meanings should be attached to "Remember" in the fourth commandment?什麼兩層含義應重視"記住"在第四誡? 7. 7 。 Are the Sabbath and the seventh days necessarily identical?是安息日和第七天內一定完全相同? 8. 8 。 To what do we bear testimony in observing the Sabbath?以什麼做的,我們見證觀察安息日?

(Skipping forward in the Commandments . . .) (跳躍前進中的誡命, … … 。 )

Exodus Chapter 20:12-26流亡章20:12-26

Seventh Commandment第七誡

v. 14 The Hebrew word for "adultery" refers to the unlawful act taking place between man and woman where either or both are married, thus differing from another word commonly translated "fornication" and where the same act is referred to between unmarried persons. Nevertheless, as the sanctity of the marriage relation is the object aimed at it prohibits everything contrary to the spirit of that institution in thought, word or deed. See Matt.五, 14希伯來語意為"通姦" ,是指以非法行為發生男人與女人之間如果一方或雙方均已婚,因此,從不同的另一種常見的詞翻譯成"私通" ,而同樣的行為,是指以之間的未婚人士。 然而,作為神聖不可侵犯的婚姻關係是反對旨在禁止一切精神相反的,該機構在思想,言行見馬特。 5:27-32. 5:27-32 。 We may therefore include not only lustful looks, motions and verbal insinuations, but modes of dress, pictures, statues, books, theatrical displays, etc., which provoke the passions and incite to the unlawful act.因此,我們可以不僅包括般長相,提案及口頭暗諷,但模式的著裝,圖片,雕像,書籍,文藝匯演等等,它挑起的激情和煽動非法行為。 Sins of this character are more frequently forbidden in Scripture and more fearfully threatened than any other, and they are the cause of more shame, crime, misery and death.捷聯慣導系統的性質,這是更頻繁嚴禁在經文和更fearfully威脅比任何其他的,他們的事業更恥辱,犯罪,苦難和死亡。 Moreover, they have one striking characteristic, viz: that "you cannot think or talk about them without being more or less excited and led into temptation."此外,他們都有一個突出特徵,即: "你可以不相信或談談他們沒有被更多或更少興奮,並導致成誘惑" 。 How continually need we be praying the prayer of the Psalmist, 19:12.如何不斷地需要我們祈求禱告的詩人, 19時12分。


The Ten Commandments十誡

Catholic Information 天主教資訊

Called also simply THE COMMANDMENTS, COMMANDMENTS OF GOD, or THE DECALOGUE (Gr. deka, ten, and logos, a word), the Ten Words of Sayings, the latter name generally applied by the Greek Fathers.所謂的還僅僅是誡命,誡命的神,或者十誡( gr. deka ,十年,以及標識,一言) , 10個字的成語,而後者的名字普遍適用,由希臘教父。

The Ten Commandments are precepts bearing on the fundamental obligations of religion and morality and embodying the revealed expression of the Creator's will in relation to man's whole duty to God and to his fellow-creatures.十誡是戒律,事關根本的義務,宗教和道德,並體現透露,表達創作者的意志,在關係到人的整個責任上帝和他的老鄉海洋生物。 They are found twice recorded in the Pentateuch, in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5, but are given in an abridged form in the catechisms.他們發現兩度記錄在pentateuch ,在逃亡20和申命記5 ,但由於在一次簡短的形式在catechisms 。 Written by the finger of God on two tables of stone, this Divine code was received from the Almighty by Moses amid the thunders of Mount Sinai, and by him made the ground-work of the Mosaic Law.該文由手指上帝對兩表的石料,這神聖的代碼,收到來自全能的,由摩西中傳來雷鳴般的西奈山,由他提出的地面工作的鑲嵌法。 Christ resumed these Commandments in the double precept of charity--love of God and of the neighbour; He proclaimed them as binding under the New Law in Matthew 19 and in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5).基督恢復這些誡命,在雙言教的慈善機構-上帝的愛和鄰居,他宣布了他們為具有約束力根據新的法律,在馬太1 9日在山上寶訓(馬太5 ) 。 He also simplified or interpreted them, eg by declaring unnecessary oaths equally unlawful with false, by condemning hatred and calumny as well as murder, by enjoining even love of enemies, and by condemning indulgence of evil desires as fraught with the same malice as adultery (Matthew 5).他還簡化或解讀,如申報不必要的宣誓同樣違法虛假,譴責仇恨和誹謗,以及列為謀殺案處理,責令甚至愛敵人,並譴責放縱自己的邪惡的慾望,因為充滿了同樣的惡意,因為通姦(馬修5 ) 。 The Church, on the other hand, after changing the day of rest from the Jewish Sabbath, or seventh day of the week, to the first, made the Third Commandment refer to Sunday as the day to be kept holy as the Lord's Day.教會,在另一方面,在換了一天的休息,從猶太人的安息日,或第七天的一周內,向第一,取得了第三誡指週日,因為每天被留置聖地作為神的一天。 The Council of Trent (Sess. VI, can. xix) condemns those who deny that the Ten Commandments are binding on Christians.安理會的遄達( sess.六,可以的。十九)譴責那些否認十誡雙方都具有約束力,對基督徒。

There is no numerical division of the Commandments in the Books of Moses, but the injunctions are distinctly tenfold, and are found almost identical in both sources.有沒有數值師的誡命,在書籍的摩西,但禁制令明顯的十倍,並發現了幾乎相同的兩個來源。 The order, too, is the same except for the final prohibitions pronounced against concupiscence, that of Deuteronomy being adopted in preference to Exodus.一聲令下,也都是一樣的,除了最後的禁令突出對concupiscence ,即申命記正採取優先外流。 A confusion, however, exists in the numbering, which is due to a difference of opinion concerning the initial precept on Divine worship.一種混亂,不過,存在於編碼,這是由於不同的看法有關初步言教對神的崇拜。

The system of numeration found in Catholic Bibles, based on the Hebrew text, was made by St. Augustine (fifth century) in his book of "Questions of Exodus" ("Quæstionum in Heptateuchum libri VII", Bk. II, Question lxxi), and was adopted by the Council of Trent.該系統的計算發現,在天主教的聖經,根據希伯來文,是由聖奧古斯丁(五世紀) ,在其所著的"問題出埃及記" ( " quæstionum在heptateuchum書七" ,交通銀行,第二質詢lxxi ) ,並通過了理事會的遄達。 It is followed also by the German Lutherans, except those of the school of Bucer.其次是也由德國lutherans ,除對學校的布策爾。 This arrangement makes the First Commandment relate to false worship and to the worship of false gods as to a single subject and a single class of sins to be guarded against -- the reference to idols being regarded as mere application of the precept to adore but one God and the prohibition as directed against the particular offense of idolatry alone.這種安排使第一誡涉及虛假崇拜和崇拜假神,以單一主體和單一階級的捷聯慣導系統,以防範-提及偶像,被視為僅僅應用的信條,以崇拜,但一上帝,並禁止作為針對特定進攻的偶像崇拜。 According to this manner of reckoning, the injunction forbidding the use of the Lord's Name in vain comes second in order; and the decimal number is safeguarded by making a division of the final precept on concupiscence--the Ninth pointing to sins of the flesh and the Tenth to desires for unlawful possession of goods.按照這個方式估算,強制禁止使用上帝的名義,妄圖來第二次在治安和十進制數是維護上做了分工,最後於言教對concupiscence -第九屆指著肉體的罪過第十,以慾望為非法藏有物品。 Another division has been adopted by the English and Helvetian Protestant churches on the authority of Philo Judæus, Josephus, Origen, and others, whereby two Commandments are made to cover the matter of worship, and thus the numbering of the rest is advanced one higher; and the Tenth embraces both the Ninth and Tenth of the Catholic division.另一部已經正式通過了英語和helvetian新教教會的權威斐洛judæus ,約瑟夫,淵源,和其他人,即兩條誡命,是為了掩蓋事情的崇拜,所以號碼的,其餘是先進生產力較高;和第十屆包含了兩個第九和第十的天主教會記名表決。 It seems, however, as logical to separate at the end as to group at the beginning, for while one single object is aimed at under worship, two specifically different sins are forbidden under covetousness; if adultery and theft belong to two distinct species of moral wrong, the same must be said of the desire to commit these evils.看來,不過,由於邏輯分開,在去年底,以組在成立之初,雖然一個單一的對象是針對下禮拜,兩個具體不同的罪過是嚴禁下covetousness ;如果通姦和盜竊屬於兩個不同的物種的道德錯了,同時必須指出的願望,犯下這些邪惡。

The Supreme Law-Giver begins by proclaiming His Name and His Titles to the obedience of the creature man: "I am the Lord, thy God. . ."最高人民法院依法賜予一開始就宣布他的名字和他的職稱,以順從,這種生物男子說: "我就是主,你的上帝… … 。 " The laws which follow have regard to God and His representatives on earth (first four) and to our fellow-man (last six).法律,其中後續有關於上帝和他的代表們在地球上(首4 ) ,並在我們的同胞文(過去六個月) 。

Being the one true God, He alone is to be adored, and all rendering to creatures of the worship which belongs to Him falls under the ban of His displeasure; the making of "graven things" is condemned: not all pictures, images, and works of art, but such as are intended to be adored and served (First).作為一的真神,他僅是被崇拜,以及所有渲染對動物的崇拜,其中屬於他屬於禁止他的不悅;作出" graven東西" ,是譴責:不是所有的圖片,影像,並藝術作品的,但如打算予以崇拜,並送達(第一) 。

Associated with God in the minds of men and representing Him, is His Holy Name, which by the Second Commandment is declared worthy of all veneration and respect and its profanation reprobated.與神在人的頭腦中的男人,代表他,是他的聖名,其中由第二戒律宣布值得所有敬仰和尊重,以及它的褻瀆reprobated 。

And He claims one day out of the seven as a memorial to Himself, and this must be kept holy (Third).他聲稱一天出七個作為紀念,以自己的,這是要兌現的聖地(第三) 。

Finally, parents being the natural providence of their offspring, invested with authority for their guidance and correction, and holding the place of God before them, the child is bidden to honour and respect them as His lawful representatives (Fourth).最後,父母自然普羅維登斯的後代,與投資管理局的指導和校正,並舉辦地點上帝面前,孩子bidden遵守及尊重他們作為他的合法代表(第四) 。

The precepts which follow are meant to protect man in his natural rights against the injustice of his fellows.戒律,其中的後續,是為了保護男子在他的自然權利,反對不公正的,他的院士。

His life is the object of the Fifth;他的一生也就對象第五;

the honour of his body as well as the source of life, of the Sixth;十分榮幸,他的身體,以及為生命之源,第六;

his lawful possessions, of the Seventh;他的合法財產,第七;

his good name, of the Eighth;他的好名聲,第八;

And in order to make him still more secure in the enjoyment of his rights, it is declared an offense against God to desire to wrong him, in his family rights by the Ninth;並且為了使他更安穩地享用自己的權利,這是宣告一個進攻對上帝的願望是錯誤的他,在他的家庭權利,由第九;

and in his property rights by the Tenth.並在其產權由十分之一。

This legislation expresses not only the Maker's positive will, but the voice of nature as well--the laws which govern our being and are written more or less clearly in every human heart.這一立法體現的不僅僅是製造商的積極意願,而是我的聲音的性質,以及-法律管轄,我們正在和撰寫更多或更少清楚,在每個人的心中。 The necessity of the written law is explained by the obscuring of the unwritten in men's souls by sin.必要性的書面法律解釋是由模糊的不成文的,在男人的心靈,由單。 These Divine mandates are regarded as binding on every human creature, and their violation, with sufficient reflection and consent of the will, if the matter be grave, is considered a grievous or mortal offense against God.這些神聖的任務,被視為具有約束力,每個人的造化,和他們違反了,留出足夠的思考和同意的意願,如果事情嚴重,被認為是一種嚴重或致命的進攻,是對上帝的。 They have always been esteemed as the most precious rules of life and are the basis of all Christian legislation.他們一向尊敬,因為他們最寶貴的規則生活,並根據所提供的全部基督教立法。

Publication information Written by John H. Stapleton.出版信息所作的約翰H斯特普爾頓。 Transcribed by Marcia L. Bellafiore.轉錄由( Marcia屬bellafiore 。 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV.天主教百科全書,第四卷。 Published 1908. 1908年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特Appleton還公司。 Nihil Obstat. nihil obstat 。 Remy Lafort, Censor.人頭馬lafort ,檢查員。 Imprimatur. imprimatur 。 +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰米farley ,大主教紐約


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