Sabbatarianism, Semi-Sabbatarianism sabbatarianism ,半sabbatarianism

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The view which insists that one day of each week be reserved for religious observance as prescribed by the OT sabbath law. It is most important that we note a distinction between strict or literal sabbatarianism and semisabbatarianism.觀點堅持認為, 一天的每星期預留宗教的尊重,作為明,由城市旅遊局安息日法律,是最重要的是,我們注意到區分嚴格或直譯sabbatarianism和semisabbatarianism 。

Strict or literal sabbatarianism contends that God's directive concerning the OT sabbath law is natural, universal, and moral; consequently the sabbath requires mankind to abstain from all labor except those tasks necessary for the welfare of society.嚴格或直譯sabbatarianism爭辯說,上帝的指示,有關職能治療安息日法是自然的事,是普遍的,而道德;因此安息日要求人類放棄一切勞動,除非這些任務所必需的福利社會。 In this view the seventh day, the literal sabbath, is the only day on which the requirements of this law can be met.在這期後第七天,從字面上安息日,是唯一每天上的要求,這部法律可以得到滿足。 Historically, we see a trend toward sabbatarianism in the Eastern church during the fourth century and the Irish church of the sixth century when, interestingly, a dual recognition of both sabbath and Sunday was stressed. It was not until the Reformation, however, that we meet the quintessence of sabbatarianism.在歷史上,我們看到一個趨勢sabbatarianism在東部教會在第四世紀和愛爾蘭教會的六世紀時,有趣的是,雙重承認雙方的安息日和週日是強調它,但直到改革,但是,我們滿足精髓sabbatarianism 。

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Luther opposed the doctrine, pointing out (in his "Letter against the Sabbatarians") the legalistic pitfalls inherent in the view. 路德反對學說,指出(在他的"信,對sabbatarians " )的法理陷阱固有的看法。 Calvin agreed in principle with Luther's stance.卡爾文原則上同意路德的立場。 The Transylvania unitarians adopted strict sabbath observance during the seventeenth century, later moving to a total acceptance of Judaism.該Transylvania的unitarians採取嚴格遵守安息日,在十七世紀,後來遷到共接受猶太教。 The Seventh day Baptists originated in 1631, bringing sabbatarianism to England and later to Rhode Island and New York.第七天浸信會起源於1631年,使sabbatarianism到英國,後來羅得島州和紐約。 The most notable proponent of strict sabbatarianism at the present time is the Seventh day Adventist Church; several smaller adventist groups hold the same or similar views.最顯著的倡議者嚴格sabbatarianism在目前這個時候是第七基督复臨安息日會;幾個小台安集團持有相同或相似的看法。 Adventists believe they have been raised for the express purpose of proclaiming that God requires all men to observe the sabbath.复臨安息日會相信,他們已提出了明確的目的,宣稱上帝要求所有官兵必須遵守安息日。

Their arguments for the universally binding character of the sabbath law are these: it (1) is part of the moral law, (2) was given at the creation, and (3) was not abrogated in the NT.他們的論點為具有普遍約束力的性質安息日法是: ( 1 )部分的道德律, ( 2 )由於在創作,及( 3 )條是不是廢除在新台幣。 Some adventists see in Sunday observance a fulfillment of the prophecy (Rev. 14:9ff.) which states that deluded mankind will be forced to accept the mark of the beast (Sunday observance) in order to survive during the days prior to Christ's second advent.有些复臨安息日會看到在週日遵守履行的預言(啟示錄14時09分幾段) ,其中國家迷惑了,人類將被迫接受了馬克的野獸(週日遵守) ,為了生存,在幾天之前,基督的第二次來臨。

. Semisabbatarianism holds a view essentially the same as strict sabbatarianism but transfers its demands from Saturday, the seventh day, to Sunday, the first day of the week. As early as the fourth and fifth centuries theologians in the Eastern church were teaching the practical identity of the Jewish sabbath and the Christian Sunday. semisabbatarianism持有期在本質上都是一樣的嚴格sabbatarianism但轉讓其要求,從週六,第七天,週日,在第一天的星期早在第四和第五個世紀的神學家在東部教會教學的實際身份的猶太人安息日和基督教週日。 Eusebius's interpretation of Ps.尤西比烏斯的解釋的PS 。 91 (c. 320) greatly influenced the ultimate transfer of sabbath assertions and prohibitions to the first day of the week. 91 (長320 ) ,極大地影響了最終轉讓安息日的斷言和禁令,以第一天的一周。 An ancient legend related in the so called Apocalypse of Peter, and known to Augustine and Prudentius, significantly transfers to Sunday what the original legend said concerning the sabbath: those who suffer the pains of the lost in hell are, for the sake of Christ, permitted to rest from torment on Sunday, the first day of the week!一個古老的傳說有關,在所謂的啟示彼得,並已知奧古斯丁和普頓修,明顯轉移到週日什麼原來傳說中說,關於安息日:那些遭受的痛苦迷失在地獄裡的,為了耶穌基督獲准,其餘來自煎熬於週日,在第一天的一周!

It was Albertus Magnus who first suggested a structured semisabbatarianism by dividing the sabbath command into (1) the moral command to observe a day of rest after six days of labor and (2) the ceremonial symbol that applied only to the Jews in a literal sense. Thomas Aquinas lifted this formulation to the status of official doctrine, a view later held by a large number of Reformed theologians as well. 它是: Albertus馬格納斯誰首先提出一個結構semisabbatarianism除以安息日指揮成( 1 )的道德命令來觀察一天的休息,經過6天的勞動和( 2 )禮節性的象徵,只適用於猶太人在字面上。多瑪斯解除這一提法,以現況的官方學說,以期在稍後舉行,由大量的改革神學家一樣。 Semisabbatarianism reached its zenith in English Puritanism, later finding its way to the New World through the early colonists. semisabbatarianism達到了頂點,在英語清教徒,後來找到自己的方式,以新的世界,透過早期的殖民者。 Sunday restrictions and so-called blue laws in various states are a constant reminder of the influence of this view on the laws of our land.週日的限制,和所謂的藍色法律,在各個國家都不斷地提醒我們的影響,這一觀點對我國法律的土地。 Organizations such as the Lord's Day Observance Society (est. 1831), and the Imperial Alliance for the Defense of Sunday (England) have sought to preserve the principles of semisabbatarianism, but with decreasing success since World War II.組織如主日紀念協會(估計1831 ) ,和帝國聯盟為保衛週日(英格蘭)已設法保留原則semisabbatarianism ,但下降的成功是第二次世界大戰以來。

FR Harm神父傷害
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
RD Brackenridge, "The Sabbath War of 1865 - 6," in RSCHS 16:1; R Cox, Literature of the Sabbath Question; P Collinson, "The Origins of English Sabbatarianism," in Studies in Church History; CH Little, Disputed Doctrines; M Luther, Letter to a Good Friend Against the Sabbatarians; E Morgan, The Puritan Family; E Plass, What Luther Says, III; JM Reu, Christian Ethics; W Rordorf, Sunday; P Schaff, The Anglo American Sabbath; AH Strong, Systematic Theology; W Whitaker, Sunday in Tudor and Stuart Times and The Eighteenth Century Sunday.路brackenridge , "安息日戰爭中的1865年-六號" ,在r schs1 6:1與r考克斯,文學的安息日問題; p c ollinson"的起源英語s abbatarianism" ,在研究,在教會的歷史;甲烷不大,有爭議的學說;米路德,信中有一個很好的朋友對sabbatarians ;電子摩根,清教徒的家庭;電子plass ,什麼路德說,三; jm reu ,基督教倫理;瓦特rordorf ,週日; p schaff , Anglo American的安息日;啊強的,有系統的神學;瓦特惠特克,週日在都鐸和斯圖亞特時代和十八世紀的週日。


Sabbatarians, Sabbatarianism sabbatarians , sabbatarianism

Catholic Information 天主教資訊

(Hebrew Shabot rest). (希伯來語shabot休息) 。

The name, as appears from its origin, denotes those individuals or parties who are distinguished by some peculiar opinion or practice in regard to the observance of the Sabbath or day of rest.姓名,因為好像從它的起源,是指那些個人或政黨,他們都是傑出一些奇特的意見或實踐方面遵守安息日或休息日。 In the first place it is applied to those rigorists who apparently confound the Christian Sunday with the Jewish Sabbath and, not content with the prohibition of servile work, will not allow many ordinary and innocent occupations on the Sunday.擺在首位,它是適用於那些rigorists ,他們似乎混淆週日基督教與猶太教的安息日,而不是內容與禁止奴役性的工作,不會讓許多普通和無辜的職業對週日。 This form of Sabbatariansm has chiefly prevailed among Scottish and English Protestants and was at one time very common.這種形式的sabbatariansm已首領之間普遍蘇格蘭和英格蘭的新教徒,並在同一時間非常普遍的現象。 Of late years it has sensibly declined; and there is now a tendency towards the opposite extreme of laxity in observing the law of Sunday rest.最近幾年,它已明智地減少;目前存在一種傾向朝向相反極端的懈怠,在守法的週日休息。 These Sabbatarians never formed a distinct sect; but were merely a party of rigorists scattered among many and various Protestant denominations.這些sabbatarians從未形成了鮮明的節;但只是一個黨的rigorists分散在許多不同的新教教派。 At the same time it is not only in their name that they have something in common with the distinctive sects of Sabbatarians properly so-called, for their initial error in neglecting the distinction between the Christian weekly festival and the Jewish Sabbath is likewise the starting-point of the Sabbatarian sects; and these carry their mistaken principle to its logical conclusion.在同一時間,它不僅是在他們的名字,他們也有其共性與獨特教派的sabbatarians妥當,所以所謂的,他們最初的錯誤,忽視兩者之間的區別基督教週報節和猶太安息日,是同樣一個起點點的sabbatarian教派;這些把自己的錯誤方針,以得出合乎邏輯的結論。

This logical development of judaizing Sabbatarianism is curiously illustrated in the history of a sect of Sabbatarian Socinians founded in Transylvania in Hungary towards the end of the sixteenth century.這個合乎邏輯的發展,猶太化sabbatarianism是好奇地體現在歷史上的一個教派的sabbatarian socinians成立於Transylvania的在匈牙利接近年底的16世紀。 Their first principle, which led them to separate from the rest of the Unitarian body, was their belief that the day of rest must be observed with the Jews on the seventh day of the week and not on the Christian Sunday.他們的第一個原則,而導致他們分開,其餘的統一機構,他們認為,這一天的休息,必須遵守與猶太人的第七天了一周,並沒有對基督教週日。 And as we learn from Schrodl the greater part of this particular Sabbatarian sect joined the orthodox Jews in 1874, thus carrying out in practice the judaizing principle of their founders.正如我們從施勒德爾大部份這個特別sabbatarian節加入了正統猶太教徒,在1874年,因此,貫徹,在實踐中的猶太化的原則,其創始人。 Although there does not seem to be any immediate or obvious connection between the observance of the seventh day and the rejection of infant baptism, these two errors in doctrine and discipline are often found together.雖然似乎沒有任何直接或明顯關係,遵守第七天和排斥嬰兒的洗禮,這兩個錯誤,在教義和紀律,往往發現一起。 Thus Sabbatarianism made many recruits among the Mennonite Anabaptists in Holland and among the English Baptists who, much as they differ on other points of doctrine, agree in the rejection of paedo-baptism.因此sabbatarianism提出了許多新兵當中,門諾anabaptists在荷蘭,其中英語浸信會的人,雖然有不同意見,其他各點的學說,同意在拒絕paedo -洗禮。 And it is presumably a result of this contact with Anabaptism that Sabbatarianism is also found in association with fanatical views on political or social questions.這是推測的結果,這與anabaptism認為sabbatarianism也發現,在協會與狂熱的意見,對政治或社會問題。 The most conspicuous of English Sabbatarian Baptists was Francis Bampfield (d. 1683), brother of a Devonshire baronet and originally a clergyman of the English Church.最突出的英語sabbatarian浸信會被弗朗西斯bampfield (四1683年) ,弟弟一devonshire baronet和本來是一個牧師的英語教堂。 He was the author of several works and ministered to a congregation of Sabbatarian Baptists in London.他是作者的若干著作及ministered向聚集sabbatarian浸信會在倫敦。 He suffered imprisonment for his heterodoxy and eventually died in Newgate.他遭受監禁他的異端,並最終死於newgate 。 In America the Baptists who profess Sabbatarianism are known as Seventh-Day Baptists.在美國的浸信會人士, sabbatarianism被稱為第七次為期一天的浸信會。

But if the greater number of Sabbatarians have come from the Baptists, the most amazing of them was at one time associated with the Wesleyan Methodists.但如果有較多sabbatarians來自浸信會中,最驚人的,他們是在同一時間與衛斯理循道。 This was the prophetess Joanna Southcott (1750-1814), like Bampfield, a native of Devonshire, who composed many spiritual poems and prophetical writings, and became the mother of a sect of Sabbatarians, also known as Southcottians or Joannas.這是預言家喬安娜索思( 1750至1814年) ,像bampfield ,土生土長的devonshire人組成的許多精神的詩與prophetical著述,並成為母親的一個教派的sabbatarians ,又稱為southcottians或約安納斯。 Modern Englishmen who are apt to smile at medieval credulity can scarcely find in Catholic countries in the "darkest" days of ignorance any instance of a more amazing credulity than that of Joanna Southcott's disciples, who confidently awaited the birth of the promised Messiah whom the prophetess of sixty-four was to bring into the world.現代英國人的人都容易笑容在中世紀的輕信幾乎無法找到,在天主教國家中, "黑暗"的日子,無知的任何一個更驚人的輕信比的喬安娜索思的弟子,他滿懷信心地等待出生的應許彌賽亞的人預言家對六四被帶入世界。 They gave practical proof of their faith by preparing a costly cradle.他們給實際證明了他們的信仰,編寫了一份昂貴的搖籃。 Nor did they abandon all hope when the poor deluded woman died of the disease which had given a false appearance of pregnancy.他們也沒有放棄希望,當窮人矇騙女子死於該疾病,均給予一個虛假的外觀懷孕。 The sect survived for many years; and when in 1874 her tombstone was shattered by an accidental explosion, the supposed portent re-enkindled the faith of her followers.該教派存活多年;時,在1874年,她的墓碑上被打破了由一個意外爆炸,假定預兆重新enkindled的信念,她的追隨者。

The American sect of Seventh-Day Adventists may be added to the list of Sabbatarian communities, among which their large numbers should give them a conspicuous place.美國教派的第七屆-基督复臨安息日會,可列入名單的sabbatarian社區的人,其中大批前來應給他們一個突出的地方。 To these may be added the Jewish sect of Sabbatarians, though these derive their name not from the Sabbath, but from their founder, Sabbatian Zebi or Zevi (1626-76).要在這方面可能會補充說:猶太節的sabbatarians ,雖然這些源於他們的名字並非來自安息日,但是從他們的創始人, sabbatian澤比或zevi ( 1626至1676年) 。 His teaching was not concerned with any special observance of the Sabbath, but as a form of false Messianism it may be compared with the mission of Joanna Southcott.他的教學,是不涉及任何特殊遵守安息日,但作為一種形式的虛假messianism可以相比的使命喬安娜索思。 The two stories show some strange points of resemblance especially in the invincible credulity of the disciples of the pretended Jewish Messiah and of the deluded Devonshire prophetess.兩個故事顯示一些很奇怪的觀點相似,尤其是在天下無敵的輕信的門徒的假裝猶太彌賽亞和該devonshire迷惑的預言家。 (See bibliography of ADVENTISTS) (見書目复臨安息日會)

Publication information Written by WH Kent.出版信息寫起肯特。 Transcribed by John Looby.轉錄約翰looby 。 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XIII.天主教百科全書,體積十三。 Published 1912. 1912年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特Appleton還公司。 Nihil Obstat, February 1, 1912. nihil obstat , 1912年2月1日。 Remy Lafort, DD, Censor.人頭馬lafort ,副署長,檢查員。 Imprimatur. imprimatur 。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰farley樞機主教,大主教紐約


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