Religious Orders宗教命令

General Information 一般資料

In the Christian tradition, religious Orders are associations of men or women who seek to lead a life of prayer and pious practices and who are devoted often to some specific form of service.在基督教傳統,宗教令是協會的男人或女人,他們尋求領導一個生命的祈禱和虔誠的做法和熱心公益的人士往往是一些具體的服務形式。 Members usually bind themselves publicly, or sometimes privately, by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience to lead a dedicated life.成員通常約束自己,在公開場合或私下,有時,由信誓旦旦的貧窮,貞潔,服從領導一個專用的生活。

In the Roman Catholic church these associations are of several types. 在羅馬天主教教會這些協會的幾種類型。 The religious Orders, narrowly defined, include monastic Orders (of which the largest is the Benedictines), mendicant Orders or Friars (such as the Franciscans or Dominicans), and Canons Regular (Priests living in a community attached to a specific church). All of these make solemn vows and say office in choir. 宗教命令,嚴格界定,包括寺院的訂單(其中最大的是benedictines ) ,乞討的命令或方濟各會士(如方濟會或者多米尼加人) ,和大砲經常(司鐸生活在一個社區隸屬某一特定教會) ,所有這些做出的莊嚴誓言,並說,辦事處合唱團。 In general they all have their origin in the Middle Ages.一般來說,他們都起源於中世紀。

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Clerks Regular are societies of Priests who make vows and are joined together for the purpose of priestly Ministry; the Jesuits are a well known example.辦事員經常是社團被捕的神職人員作出誓言,並一起為目的的司鐸部;耶穌會是一個眾所周知的例子。 Societies in which Priests, Brothers, or Sisters, bound by vows, live in community to perform certain kinds of services are called religious congregations and include, among others, the Passionists, Redemptorists, and Vincentians.社團中的神父,兄弟或姐妹,約束誓言,居住在社區執行若干種服務是所謂宗教集會,並包括,除其他外, passionists , redemptorists , vincentians 。 Religious institutes such as the Christian Brothers are usually composed of unordained persons who take vows and devote themselves to such tasks as teaching.宗教院校,如基督教兄弟通常組成unordained人士宣誓,並投身於這種任務作為教學。 Members of secular institutes are generally laypersons who do not live in community or wear a particular kind of garb but make promises of poverty, chastity, and obedience and live an ordinary life within conventional circumstances.成員世俗院所一般都非專業人士,他們並不生活在社區或穿某一類裝束,但作出承諾的貧窮,貞潔,服從和生活的一個普通生活常規的情況。

Roman Catholic Orders of Nuns or Sisters are generally smaller but more numerous than those of their male counterparts and are devoted primarily to teaching.羅馬天主教的命令修女或姐妹一般要小一些,但更無數比自己的男同事,並主要討論教學。 Some monastic communities are enclosed - the Monks or Nuns rarely leaving their monastery or convent - and devoted to the contemplative life.一些寺院的社區是封閉的-和尚或尼姑很少離開自己的修道院或修道院-忠於職守的c o ntemplative生活。

In the Eastern church, where Monasticism had its beginnings, religious orders are not differentiated as they are in the West, and most Eastern Orthodox religious individuals are monastics.在東部教堂,那是修道有它的起源,宗教命令,是不是有區別的,因為他們是在西部,與東部最正統的宗教,個人修道。

Following the Reformation, monasticism disappeared in Protestant countries, but the influence of the Oxford Movement in the 19th century brought about the reestablishment of religious Orders among Anglicans (Episcopalians).繼改造,修道消失在新教國家,而且影響力的牛津運動,在19世紀帶來的重建和宗教界人士之間的聖公會( episcopalians ) 。 A few other Protestant groups have also established religious Orders, among which the best known modern example is at Taize, France.其他幾個新教團體還建立了宗教命令,其中最知名的現代例子是,在taize ,法國。 Among the Eastern religions, Buddhism has a strong monastic tradition.其中東方宗教,佛教有濃厚的寺院的傳統。

Cyprian Davis塞浦路斯戴維斯

Bibliography 參考書目
D Knowles, Christian Monasticism (1969) and From Pachomius to Ignatius: A Study in the Constitutional History of the Religious Orders (1966); AD McCoy, Holy Cross: A Century of Anglican Monasticism (1987); EA Wynn, Traditional Catholic Religious Orders (1987). d諾爾斯,基督教修道院( 1969年)和從帕科米烏斯以伊格研究:在憲政史上的宗教令( 1966 ) ;專案麥科伊,聖十字:一個世紀的英國聖公會修道( 1987年) ;環境韋恩,傳統的天主教宗教命令( 1987 ) 。


Also, see:此外,見:
Franciscans
Benedictines benedictines
Jesuits 耶穌會士
Cistercians cistercians
Trappists trappists
Christian Brothers 基督教兄弟
Dominicans 多米尼加
Carmelites carmelites
Discalced Carmelites discalced carmelites
Augustinians 奧古斯丁會士
Marist Brothers 聖母兄弟

Monasticism 修道
Nuns 修女
Friars 方濟各會士
Convent 修道院
Ministry 財政部
Major Orders 大訂單
Holy Orders 神聖的訂單


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