Imminence急迫性

General Information 一般資料

After he came into contact with a group headed by Henry Drummond which was devoted to eschatological speculations, Edward Irving began to preach the imminence of the Second Coming of Christ. His writings on Christ, in which he deemed the human nature of Christ as sinful, led to his excommunication (1830) and his expulsion from the ministry (1833).之後,他接觸到一群為首的亨利杜蒙德是專門eschatological揣測,英國的愛德華歐文開始傳教的緊迫耶穌第二次來,他的著作對基督的,其中他被視為人的本質的基督為罪孽深重,導致了他的禁教( 1830 ) ,並開除他從信息產業部( 1833 ) 。

In 1832 he joined with others in forming the Catholic Apostolic church.在1832年,他加入了與他人形成天主教使徒教會。 The members, known for a while as Irvingites, believed that the Second Coming was near and tried to restore the biblical organization of the church in preparation for Christ's return.位成員中,已知有一陣子,因為irvingites ,相信第二次來接近,並試圖恢復聖經中的組織,教會,準備為基督的回報。 The movement was somewhat influential in Britain until 1900; it then spread to Europe and the United States.運動多少有點影響力在英國,直到1900年它,然後蔓延到歐洲和美國。 Membership in the church is about 50,000 at the present time, with over half of the members in Germany.會員在教會裡約50000名,在當今時代,其中有超過一半的成員是在德國。

In 1870, at the age of 18, Charles Taze Russell, first president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania (Jehovah's Witnesses) began a systematic study of the Bible with a small group of associates. Becoming convinced of the imminence of Christ's millennial reign, he began to preach and spread his teachings, and in 1879 he founded the Watch Tower journal.在1870年,當時年僅18歲的查爾斯taze羅素,首任總統的手錶塔聖經和呼吸道社會的賓夕法尼亞(耶和華見證人) ,開始系統地研究聖經與一小群同夥。 變得信服的緊迫基督的千禧年間,他開始公開傳教和傳播他的教義,並於1879年他創建了觀賞塔雜誌。 Notable among Russell's writings is a 6 volume collection, Millennial Dawn (1886 - 1904).其中值得注意的羅素的著作,是一個6卷收集,千年曙光( 1886 -1 904) 。

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Bibliography 參考書目
PE Shaw, The Catholic Apostolic Church (1946).體育邵氏,天主教使徒教會( 1946 ) 。


Imminence急迫性

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Imminence is the doctrine that Christ can return at any moment and that no predicted event must intervene before that return. This view is held primarily by those who believe the church will be raptured before the seven year tribulation (also known as the seventieth week of Daniel). 緊迫的是中庸之道,基督能回到在任何時候,並沒有預料的事件必須介入之前返回,這種觀點是召開主要是由那些相信教會將raptured前七年磨難(也稱為第七十週丹尼爾) 。 It is the view typically held by dispensational premillennialism.這是典型的觀點持有dispensational premillennialism 。

Traditionally, most pretribulation rapturists have considered the imminence of Christ's return to be one of the strongest evidences that the rapture will occur before, rather than after, the tribulation.傳統上,大多數pretribulation rapturists曾經考慮過的緊迫基督的回歸是其中一個最強烈的證據,認為破裂將發生之前,而不是之後,磨難。 The argument runs like this: The NT presents Christ's return as a comforting hope (John 14; 1 Thess. 4:17 - 18; Titus 2:13; James 5:7 - 8).該說法違背了這樣的:新台幣介紹了基督的回報作為一個安慰的希望(約翰福音14 : 1帖4時17分-1 8歲;弟兄2時1 3分;詹姆斯5點0 7分- 8) 。 Believers wait for Christ (1 Thess. 1:10) and are exhorted to watch and be sober (5:6); consequently, it is a purifying hope (1 John 3:1 - 3; cf. Rom. 13:11 - 12; 1 Pet. 4:7).信徒等候基督( 1帖前1:10 ) ,並告誡,以觀賞和清醒( 5時06分) ,因此,它是一個純潔的希望( 1約翰3:1 -3 ;比照光盤。 1 3時1 1分- 12日, 1寵物。 4時07分) 。 If the hope is a blessed and comforting hope, no events of predicted trial and tribulation are expected to occur before Christ returns for the church.如果希望是一個有福了,並安慰的希望,沒有任何事件的預言,審判和磨難,預計出現在基督之前回報教會。 Otherwise, believers would dread the approach of Christ's return because of the preceding events to be endured.否則,信徒們會害怕的做法基督的回報,因為前面的節目能忍受。

If Christ's return is the basis for exhortation to godly living, that return must be expected at any moment; events thought to be some distance away because of predicted intervening events do not serve well to promote purity and readiness.如果基督的回報是基礎囑咐,以神聖的生活,這回必須預期,在任何時刻,事件被認為有些距離,因為預言介入的事件並不好,以促進純度和準備工作。 Finally, believers are exhorted to live in watchfulness and expectation of Christ's return, not of intervening events.最後,信徒們都告誡生活在警惕和期待基督的回報,而不是介入的事件。 According to pretribulationists, all these considerations imply that the event believers await is imminent, and a rapture that comes after a seven year tribulation cannot be imminent.據pretribulationists ,所有這些因素意味著一旦信徒等待的是即將到來,並提來後,七年磨難不能迫在眉睫。 Therefore the rapture must be pretribulational.因此破裂,必須pretribulational 。

Posttribulation rapturists reply by insisting that the passages in question only imply the believer's attitude of expectancy, but do not imply imminence. posttribulation rapturists答复,堅持認為通道問題,只意味著信奉的態度預期,但並不意味著已經迫在眉睫。 They also argue that the NT clearly implies certain necessary intervening events in the early church before Christ's return, such as time to carry out the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18 - 20; Acts 1:8) or the assurance to Peter he would reach old age (John 21:18 - 19; 2 Pet. 1:14).他們還爭辯說,新台幣顯然意味著某些必要介入的事件,在早期教會的基督之前的回報,如時間,以進行大使命。 ( 28:18 -第2 0條;行徑1 :8) ,或保證彼得,他將進入老年(約翰21時18分-1 92寵物。 1 :14) 。 Thus, for the NT church the exhortations to watch could not have implied imminence.所以,對新台幣教會囑託,看能不能有隱含的緊迫性。 Why, then, should they now?那麼,為什麼他們應該現在呢?

The doctrine of imminence has been most characteristic of pretribulation rapturists.該學說的緊迫性已被大多數的特點pretribulation rapturists 。 However, some who hold to a midseventieth week rapture accept at least a limited imminence by maintaining that the beginning of the seventieth week cannot be known.然而,一些持一midseventieth週破裂接受至少擁有一個有限的緊迫所保持的開始第七十星期不能眾所周知的。 Also, those who either understand the tribulation or seventieth week to be already fulfilled or who spiritualize it can hold to the imminence of Christ's return.此外,那些要么了解磨難或第七十本週將已經履行或者spiritualize可扼守,以緊迫的基督的回報。 A few posttribulational premillennialists accept the imminence of Christ's return on this basis.數posttribulational premillennialists接受的緊迫基督的回報,在此基礎上。 Amillennialists are hesitant dogmatically to espouse a strict imminence doctrine, but they do not subscribe to a seven year period necessarily occurring before Christ's return. amillennialists有些猶豫地堅持奉行嚴格的緊迫性學說,但他們不訂閱了七年期間一定發生在基督之前的回報。 Though amillennialists are uncomfortable describing Christ's coming as strictly imminent, they do think it may be described as impending and as something the believer should always be ready and watchful for.雖然amillennialists很不舒服,描述基督的未來,作為嚴格迫在眉睫,他們認為這可以說是即將發生,並作為該信徒應該隨時準備和警惕。

SN Gundry錫岡德里
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
RH Gundry, The Church and the Tribulation; GE Ladd, The Blessed Hope; JF Walvoord, The Blessed Hope and the Tribulation and The Rapture Question.銠岡德里,教會和磨難;葛雷德,有福了希望;怡富walvoord ,祝福,希望和磨難和破裂的問題。

Also, see:此外,見:
Adventism adventism
Millenarianism millenarianism

London (Westminster) Confession 倫敦(西敏寺)不打自招
Augsburg Confession 奧格斯堡自白
Thirty-Nine Articles 39條

Second Coming of Christ 耶穌第二次來
Eschatology 末世
Dispensation, Dispensationalism 配藥, dispensationalism
Last Judgement 最後審判
Rapture, Tribulation 破裂,磨難
Tribulation, Great Tribulation 磨難,偉大的磨難

Also, an entirely different concept is:同時,一個完全不同的概念是:
Divine Immanence 神聖的內在


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