Adventism adventism

General Information 一般資料

Adventists are members of various Christian groups who believe that the Second Coming of Christ is imminent. Their millennial hopes (Millenarianism) were aroused by the preaching of William Miller (1782 - 1849).复臨安息日會的成員,各種基督教團體的人認為, 耶穌第二次來是迫在眉睫,他們希望在千禧年( millenarianism ) ,引起所鼓吹的威廉米勒( 1782 -1 849) 。 On the basis of a detailed examination of the Bible, especially the books of Daniel and Revelation, Miller predicted that Mar. 21, 1844, and later that Oct. 22, 1844, would be the day when Christ would return in glory and the Earth would be cleansed by fire, ushering in the millennium - a 1,000 year reign of righteousness and peace before the Last Judgment.在此基礎上詳細審查的聖經,尤其是書籍的丹尼爾和啟示,米勒預言, 1844年3月21日,後來說, 1844年10月22日,將有一天耶穌會回到在光榮與地球將清洗火災,迎接千禧年-1 000年間正義與和平前的最後判決。 When the time passed without event, many believers drifted away.時機成熟時通過活動,許多信徒疏遠。

The faithful remnant of Millerites coalesced into several religious bodies, the most important of which are the Seventh day Adventists and the Advent Christian Church. Leaders of the former group had been influenced by Sabbatarian Baptists; thus, in that denomination, Saturday rather than Sunday is kept as the Sabbath. 忠實的殘餘millerites合併成幾個宗教團體而其中最重要的是基督复臨安息日會的興起以及基督教堂。領導人,前組一直受sabbatarian浸信會,因此,在這種面額,週六,而週日是保存為安息日。 Seventh day Adventists are noted for their millennialism and Sabbatarianism.基督复臨安息日會注意到他們millennialism和sabbatarianism 。

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Bibliography 參考書目
PG Damsteegt, Foundations of the Seventh day Adventists: Message and Mission (1977); ES Gaustad, ed., The Rise of Adventism (1975); AA Hoekema, Seventh-day Adventism (1974); G Land, ed., Adventism in America (1986); RL Numbers and JM Butler, eds., The Disappointed (1987); E Sandeen, The Roots of Fundamentalism: British and American Millenarianism, 1800 - 1930 (1970).編號damsteegt ,基金會的安息日:留言和使命( 1977年) ;中文gaustad ,版,崛起adventism ( 1975年) ;機管局赫克瑪,第七屆天adventism ( 1974 ) 100土地,海關,在adventism美國( 1986年) ;研究部主管人數和JM巴特勒合編,失望( 1987年) ;電子俄勒岡,根部的原教旨主義:英國和美國millenarianism , 1800 -1 930年( 1 970年) 。


Adventism adventism

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Adventism is the belief that Christ's personal second coming is imminent and will inaugurate his millennial kingdom and the end of the age. Chiliasm, apocalypticism, and millennialism are cognate theological terms. Adventism in this general sense has been espoused by many diverse groups throughout Christian history (eg, Montanists, Anabaptists, Fifth Monarchy Men, Plymouth Brethren and other premillennialists, and Jehovah's Witnesses). adventism是信仰基督的個人第二次來臨在即,並會啟動他的千禧年王國和結束時的年齡。 chiliasm ,大衛教派,並millennialism是相同的神學條款。 adventism在這個一般意義上一直信奉許多不同的群體在整個基督教歷史(例如, montanists , anabaptists ,第五君主立憲男人,普利茅斯弟兄和其他premillennialists ,和耶和華見證人) 。

Adventism is most commonly used, however, to denote the movement which sprang up in the 1830s from the teachings of William Miller, a Baptist minister in New York. adventism是最常用的,但是,是指運動興起於19世紀30年代從教義的威廉米勒牧師在紐約舉行。 Miller confidently prophesied the imminent return of Christ and set 1843 - 44 as the time for the event.米勒信心十足地預言即將回歸基督,並訂定1843 -4 4的時候了這次活動。 The Millerite movement spread rapidly among the churches of the Northeast.該millerite運動迅速蔓延,其中教會的東北。 When the expected return did not occur as Miller originally had predicted, a reinterpretation of the Scripture set Oct. 22, 1844, as the correct date.當預期回報率並沒有出現米勒原本預測,重新解釋聖經,定1844年10月22日,為正確日期。 The faithful met in their local gathering places on the appointed day worshipping and waiting.忠實會見在當地集結的地方就指定日期崇拜和等待。 The "Great Disappointment" which followed the failure of the prophecy led many Millerites to forsake the movement and slip back into the churches from which they had never formally dissociated themselves. "大感失望" ,其次是失敗的預言,導致很多millerites放棄運動,並滑回,教會,其中,他們從來沒有正式脫鉤。 Miller himself acknowledged his error and dissociated himself from the movement and all further attempts to redeem it.米勒本人承認自己的錯誤和游離自己從運動和所有進一步試圖挽回。

A series of new signs, visions, and prophecies, however, fed the lagging spirits of those who refused to give up their adventist hopes.一系列新的跡象,願景,並預言,但是,美聯儲滯後的精神,那些拒絕放棄他們的台安希望。 As early as the day following the Great Disappointment, Hiram Edson, an adventist leader, had a vision which confirmed the prophetic significance of the Oct. 22, 1844, date, but indicated that it marked a heavenly rather than an earthly event.早在一天之後,大感失望,西貢edson ,台安一個領導者,有一個夢想,其中確認先知性意義的1844年10月22日,日期,但表示,它標誌著一個天堂,而不是一個俗世的活動。 On that day Christ had moved into the holy of holies of the heavenly sanctuary to begin a new phase of his ministry of redemption.這一天基督搬進神聖之神聖的,天上的避難所,開始一個新的階段,他的部贖回。 That ministry was ultimately defined in the adventist doctrine of investigative judgment; Christ entered the sanctuary to review the deeds of professing Christians to determine whose names should be included in the Book of Life. Other revelations subsequent to the Great Disappointment came to Ellen G Harmon, a young disciple of Miller in Portland, Maine.該部最終確定了在台安學說的調查判斷; 基督進入庇護所審查的先進事蹟,自稱基督徒,以確定他們的姓名也應包括在生命之書,其他的啟示隨後向偉大的失望來到愛倫克, Harmon ,一個年輕弟子的米勒在緬因州波特蘭市。

She was quickly accepted as a prophetess and her teachings were accepted as authoritative. The revived movement also adopted sabbatarianism and the belief that the acceptance of the seventh day sabbath was the mark of the true church. Seventh day observance and Christ's ministry of investigative judgment, confirmed by the prophetic revelation of Mrs. Ellen (Harmon) White, completed the foundations of contemporary adventism. Most adventist groups also adhere to belief in soul sleep and annihilation of the wicked.她很快就接受了作為一個預言家和她的教誨被接受為權威。復興運動還通過sabbatarianism和信念,即接受第七天安息日是該商標的真正教堂。第七天遵守和基督的教育部的調查判斷,證實了這一預言性的啟示夫人埃倫( , Harmon )白色,完成了地基當代adventism 大部分台安集團也堅持信仰靈魂睡眠和消滅惡人。 Their strong emphasis on OT teaching also led to a strong traditional concern for diet and health. 他們十分注重對城市旅遊局教學,也引發了一場強烈的傳統關注飲食與健康的關係。

Two major adventist bodies represent the movement today, the Advent Christian Church and the numerically predominant Seventh-day Adventists. They vary somewhat in their adherence to the adventist doctrines outlined above. 兩大台安機構代表運動的今天,來臨基督教堂和數控為主第七屆-基督复臨安息日會,他們稍有不同,在他們的堅持台安學說上文所述。 The Seventh-day Adventists traditionally have been identified as a cult among Christian churches.第七屆基督复臨安息日會,傳統上已經被確定為邪教中的基督教教堂。 Such classification results from the contention by Christian theologians that the authority which the church grants to Mrs. White's prophecies compromises the finality of scriptural revelation.這種分類結果,從爭論的,由基督教神學家表示,房委會,其中教會補助金夫人白色的讖妥協的終局性聖經啟示。 They further charge that the doctrine of investigative judgment compromises the biblical doctrine of justification by faith alone and leads to an assurance of salvation based on perfect obedience rather than faith.他們還進一步指控說,該學說的調查判斷妥協聖經教義的因信稱義單,並導致保證救恩的基礎上完善的服從,而不是信仰。

In recent years, however, Seventh day Adventist theologians have tended to regard Mrs. White's prophecies as subject to judgment by the canonical Scriptures and have put forth a more evangelical understanding of justification by faith. As a result some evangelical leaders, although by no means all, have begun to include the Seventh-day Adventists within the pale of orthodoxy. 不過,近年來,第七屆安息日神學家都傾向於視夫人白色的預言,因為受到裁判所典型經文,並已提出了更多福音的了解,因信稱義,由於一些福音派領袖,雖然絕非一切已經開始,包括第七屆-基督复臨安息日會在帕萊的正統。 This division of opinion as to the theological stance of the movement is echoed within the group itself by the intense theological debate of these issues in recent years.這個師的民意,以神學立場的運動,是呼應集團內部本身由激烈的神學辯論這些問題在最近幾年。

The Seventh day Adventist Church has experienced rapid growth in the post World War II period.第七屆基督复臨安息日會經歷了快速的增長,在二戰後所經歷的時期。 This church, however, still tends to keep to itself among Christian denominations.這個教會,但是,我們仍傾向於保持本身之間的基督教教派。 It has consistently kept the education of its children under its own auspices.但始終保持了子女的教育下,自己的贊助。 The Adventists have been especially well known for their health care ministries.該复臨安息日會已是人所共知的,為他們的健康照顧部委。 Their traditional dietary concerns, including their proscription of coffee and tea and their advocacy of vegetarianism, predated by many decades other contemporary movements in these areas.其傳統飲食的關注,包括他們取締的咖啡和茶,其倡導的素食,早在許多人幾十年來當代其他運動在這些地區。

The centrality of the events surrounding the return of Christ in the premillennialism which became so critical in the development of the fundamentalist movement and the contemporary emphasis upon the imminent second coming of Christ in evangelical churches in general show the continuing significance of general adventism in the Christian tradition.的中心事件的來龍去脈回到基督在premillennialism成為如此重要,在發展的原教旨主義運動與當代重視即將第二次來臨的基督教福音派教會中的一般表現出持續的意義一般adventism在基督教傳統。

ME Dieter我迪特爾

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
PG Damsteegt, Foundations of the Seventh day Adventist Message and Mission; LE Froom, The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers; W Martin, The Kingdom of the Cults; FD Nichol, The Midnight Cry; G Paxton, The Shaking of Adventism; Seventh Day Adventists Answer Questions on Doctrine; AA Hoekema, The Four Major Cults.編號damsteegt ,基金會的第七天安息日訊息和使命感;樂froom ,先知性的信仰,我們的父;瓦特馬丁,英國的邪教;的FD nichol ,午夜哭泣的100 Paxton稱,搖頭的adventism ;安息日回答問題,就學說;機管局赫克瑪,四大教派。


Adventists复臨安息日會

Catholic Information 天主教資訊

A group of six American Protestant sects which hold in common a belief in the near return of Christ in person, and differ from one another mainly in their understanding of several doctrines related to this common belief.小組由六名美國基督教教派,其中擁有共同的信念,在不久的回報基督教的人,並從不同的一個又主要是在認識上的幾個學說與此相關的共同信念。 They are, excepting the "Seventh Day Adventists" and the branch entitled "The Church of God" congregational in government.他們是,除"基督复臨安息日會"和分支機構題為"神的教會"堂會在政府。

The sects of Adventists are the outcome of a religious agitation begun by William Miller (1781-1849) in 1831, after a minute study of the prophecies of the Bible.該教派的复臨安息日會的結果,是一個宗教攪拌開始,由威廉米勒( 1781年至1849年) 1831年,經過一分鐘的研究預言的聖經。 Testing the mysterious pronouncements concerning the Messias by a method exclusively historical, he looked for the fulfillment of every prophecy in its obvious surface reading.測試神秘的言論有關messias由一種專門的歷史,他期待為實現黨的每一個預言,在其明顯地表讀。 Every prophecy which had not been literally accomplished in the first coming of Christ must needs be accomplished in His second coming.每一個預言,它們並沒有得到從字面上來看,在完成了第一次的到來,基督必須需要做到的,在他的第二次來臨。 Christ, therefore, should return at the end of the world in the clouds of heaven to possess the land of Canaan, and to reign in an earthly triumph on the throne of David for a thousand years.基督的,因此,應該回歸於去年底的世界,在雲層的天堂,擁有土地的迦南,並統治一個俗世的勝利對王位的大衛為1000年。 Moreover, taking the 2,300 days of the Prophet Daniel for so many years, and computing from 457 BC -- that is, from the commencement of the seventy weeks before the first coming, Miller concluded that the world would come to an end, and Christ would return, in AD 1843.此外,以2300天的先知丹尼爾這麼多年,並計算,從公元前457人,那就是-從開始的7 2星期之前首先來臨的時候,米勒的結論是,世界就會結束後,基督將返回,在公元1843年。 He gave wide circulation to his views and gained a considerable following in a few years.他作了廣泛流通,以他的意見,並取得了相當以下在未來幾年內。 When the year 1843 had passed as any other, and the prediction had failed, Snow, one of his disciples, set himself to correct Miller's calculations, and in his turn announced the end of the world for 22 October, 1844.當1843年一年已經過去了,作為世界任何其他國家和預測已經失敗了,雪地,他的一名弟子,自己糾正米勒這樣的計算方法,並在輪到他宣布結束的世界,為1844年10月22日。 As the day drew near groups of Millerites here and there throughout the United States, putting aside all worldly occupations, awaited, in a fever of expectancy the promised coming of Christ, but were again doomed to disappointment.隨著時間的臨近群體millerites這裡有全美國範圍內,撇開一切世俗的職業,期待已久的,在發燒的預期所承諾的未來基督的,但後來又注定要失望了。 The faithful followers of Miller next met in conference at Albany, NY, in 1845, and professed their unshaken faith in the near personal coming of the Son of God.忠實的追隨者米勒下次會晤在招待會上奧爾巴尼,紐約州,在1845年,並自稱他們矢志不渝的信念,在不久的未來個人的上帝的兒子。 And this has remained the fundamental point of the Adventist creed.這至今仍是根本出發點,台安信條。 According to the official census of 1890, the Adventists had 60,491 communicants; at present they have about 100,000 adherents all told.根據官方統計的1890年,复臨安息日了60491 communicants ;目前有大約10萬名信徒們都告訴。 The Adventist movement, inaugurated by Miller, has differentiated into the following independent bodies:--台安運動,舉行落成典禮,米勒已經分化成以下獨立機構: -

1. 1 。 Evangelical Adventists (the original stock)基督教复臨安息日會(即原始股份)

They believe the dead are conscious after separation from the body, and will rise again; the just, first to reign with Christ on earth for the Millennium and, after the Judgment, in heaven for all eternity; the wicked to rise at the Day of Judgment to be condemned to hell forever.他們認為,死者中有意識地分離後,從體內,並會再次上升;正義,我們首先在位已經與基督同在地球上千年,並作出裁決後,在天堂為永恆;惡人上升,在一天判斷應受到譴責地獄永遠。 They may be said to have organized in 1845.他們可說是有舉辦於1845年。 They number 1,147 communicants.他們人數第1147者。

2. 2 。 Advent Christians基督徒來臨

These believe that the dead lie in an unconscious state till Christ comes again, when all will arise; the just to receive everlasting life; the wicked to be annihilated; since immortality, once man's natural birthright, has been forfeited by sin and is now a supernatural gift had only through faith in Christ.他們認為,死者所在昏迷,直到基督再次來時,都將出現;剛剛獲得永恆的生命;惡人被殲滅;以來不死,一旦人的自然出生,已被沒收,由單仲偕和現在是一個超自然的禮物了,只有透過在基督裡的信仰。 The General Association was formed in 1881.總商會成立於1881年。 The Advent Christians number 26,500.來臨的基督徒人數26500 。

3. 3 。 Seventh Day Adventists基督复臨安息日會

These hold to the observance of the seventh day of the week as the Sabbath.這些舉行,以紀念該第七天一周為安息日。 They believe that the dead remain unconscious until Judgment, when the wicked will be destroyed.他們認為,死者仍昏迷不醒,直至判斷,當惡人,將被銷毀。 They attempt, in addition, a detailed interpretation of certain biblical prophecies, and believe the prophetic gift is still communicated, and was possessed latterly by Mrs. EG White in particular.他們的嘗試,此外,還詳細解釋某些聖經預言,並相信預言性的禮物仍是溝通,並具備了從前在由夫人如白特別。 They were formed into a body in 1845.他們形成了一個機構,於1845年。 They number 76,102 members.他們人數76102成員。 [Note: As of 2005, this number stood at 12 million.] [注:截止到2005年,這一數字為1200萬美元。 ]

4. 4 。 The Church of God神的教會

An offshoot of the Seventh Day Adventists.一個分支的安息日。 These dissidents refuse to accept the prophecies of Mrs. White, or the interpretation of the vision in Apocalypse 12:11-17, as applying to the United States.這些持不同政見者拒絕接受預言夫人白,或解釋的遠見,在啟示錄12:11-17 ,為適用於美國。 Otherwise they resemble the Seventh Day Adventists, They became an independent body in 1864-65.否則,他們象安息日,所以變成了一個獨立的機構,在1864年至1865年。 This church has 647 members.這個教堂有647成員。

5. 5 。 Life and Advent Union生命的來臨聯盟

A movement which, begun in 1848 was compacted into an organized body in 1860.一場運動,開始在1848年被壓實成一個有組織的團體於1860年。 This church insists that the wicked will not rise again, but will remain in an endless sleep.這個教會堅持認為,惡人將不會再次攀升,但將繼續留在無休止的睡眠。 It has a membership of 3,800.它有一個成員3800名。

6. 6 。 Age-to-come Adventists年齡以先到复臨安息日會

These believe, besides the common Adventist doctrines, that the wicked will ultimately be destroyed, and that eternal life is given through Christ alone.他們認為,除了共同台安學說,即惡人最終將被銷毀,這永恆的生命是通過基督教會。 They originated in 1851; the General Conference was organized in 1885.他們起源於1851年;大會舉辦了1885年。 They number 1,872 in the United States.他們的人數1872年在美國銷售。

Publication information Written by FP Havey.出版信息所作的FP havey 。 Transcribed by Tony Camele.轉錄由托尼卡梅萊。 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I. Published 1907.天主教百科全書第一卷出版, 1907年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特Appleton還公司。 Nihil Obstat, March 1, 1907. nihil obstat , 1907年3月1日。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人頭馬lafort ,性病,檢查員。 Imprimatur. imprimatur 。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰farley樞機主教,大主教紐約

Bibliography參考書目

Taylor, The Reign of Christ (Boston, 1889); Wellcome, History of the Second Advent Message (Yarmouth. Maine, IB74); McKinstrey, The World's Great Empires (Haverhill, Mass., 1881); Andrews, History of the Seventh and First Day (Battle Creek, Mich., 1873); White, The Great Controversy (Battle Creek, 1870); Smith, Thoughts on Daniel and Revelation (1882); Long, Kingdom of Heaven Upon Earth (1882); The End of The Ungodly (1886); Pile, The Doctrine of Conditional Immortality (Springfield, Mass); Brown, The Divine Key of Redemption (Springfield, Mass).泰勒,腥風血雨的基督(波士頓, 1889年) ;惠康,歷史上的第二次來臨的訊息( yarmouth.緬因, ib74 ) ; mckinstrey ,世界上最偉大的帝國( haverhill ,馬薩諸塞, 1881年) ;安德魯斯,歷史上的第七次和第一天(戰溪,密歇根州, 1873年) ;白紙,極大的爭議(戰溪, 1870年) ;史密斯,思考丹尼爾與啟示( 1882 ) ;長,天國王朝後,地球( 1882 ) ;結束了ungodly ( 1886年) ;樁,這個學說有條件的永生(斯普林菲爾德,地下) ;褐色,神聖的關鍵贖回(斯普林菲爾德,地下) 。


Also, see:此外,見:
Imminence 急迫性
Millenarianism millenarianism

Second Coming of Christ 耶穌第二次來
Eschatology 末世
Dispensation, Dispensationalism 配藥, dispensationalism
Last Judgement 最後審判
Rapture, Tribulation 破裂,磨難
Tribulation, Great Tribulation 磨難,偉大的磨難


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