Sacrifice犧牲

General Information 一般信息

A sacrifice is a religious act belonging to worship in which offering is made to God of some material object belonging to the offerer - this offering being consumed in the ceremony, in order to attain, restore, maintain or celebrate friendly relations with the deity. A sacrifice is meant to express faith, repentance, and adoration. The main purpose of the sacrifice is to please the deity and to secure His favor.犧牲是一種宗教行為屬於禮拜,其中提供了上帝的一些物質對象屬於發貨-該產品被消耗在儀式上,為了實現恢復,維持或慶祝友好合作關係的神。甲犧牲是為了表示誠意,悔改,和朝拜。的主要目的,犧牲是為了取悅神,並爭取他的青睞。

The act of religious sacrifices was practiced from ancient times (Gen. 4:4ff; 8:20ff; 12:7,8; 13:4,18; 15:4ff; 26:25; Job 1:5; 42:7-9).該法對宗教的犧牲是實行從遠古時代(將軍4點04頁; 8:20以後; 12:7,8 ; 13:4,18 ; 15時04分以後; 26:25 ;職位1:5 ; 42:7 - 9 ) 。 Before the building of the Temple in Jerusalem, sacrifices were made by the heads of families.在建設的寺在耶路撒冷,犧牲作了一家之主。 Sacrifices have not been offered by Jews since the destruction of the Temple by the Romans in 70 AD.犧牲尚未提供的猶太人,因為破壞寺的羅馬人在公元70 。

In Mosaic sacrifices, only certain kinds of animals and fowl could be offered.在馬賽克的犧牲,只有某些種類的動物和家禽可以提供。 Sacrifices were of two kinds, animal and vegetable.犧牲了2種,動物和植物。

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Animal sacrifices:動物的犧牲:

Vegetable sacrifices:蔬菜的犧牲:

All Old Testament sacrifices point forward to and are a type of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ (Heb. 9:10), symbolized by His Body and His Blood and Bread and Wine.所有舊約犧牲點著,並是一種犧牲耶穌基督( Heb. 9:10 ) ,象徵著他的身體和他的血和麵包和葡萄酒。


Sac'rifice

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Sacrifice is a ritual act in which an offering is made to the object of worship or religious veneration.犧牲是一種儀式的行為,其中一個產品是向崇拜的對象或宗教崇拜。 The offering may be in plant, animal, or even human form.該產品可在植物,動物,甚至人類。 Found in the religions of many cultures, past and present, sacrifice is a practice intended to honor or appease a deity and to make holy the offering.發現宗教的許多文化中,過去和現在,犧牲是一個實踐打算榮譽,或安撫神,使神聖的產品。

In pre-Columbian America thousands of human victims (many of them war captives) were offered annually in accordance with the complex Aztec ritual calendar; human sacrifice also occurred on a lesser scale among the Maya and various Andean and North American Indian groups.在前哥倫布美國成千上萬人的受害者(其中許多是戰爭俘虜)提供每年根據複雜的阿茲特克儀式日曆;人類犧牲也發生了較小規模的瑪雅和各種安第斯和北美印第安人群體。 Among cultures of Africa, the Far East, Southeast Asia, and Oceania, sacrifice is commonly offered in connection with ancestor worship.不同文化之間的非洲,遠東,東南亞,大洋洲,犧牲普遍提供與祖先崇拜。 Human sacrifice was formerly practiced by certain groups in all of these areas.人類犧牲原來實行的某些群體在所有這些領域。 The ancient Vedic tradition of India has a highly developed ritual of sacrifice (see Hinduism).古印度吠陀傳統有高度發達的祭祀的犧牲(見印度教) 。 Sacrificial offering does not play a significant role in Islam.祭品不中發揮重要作用伊斯蘭教。

In the Old Testament of the Bible the first mention of sacrifice is God's rejection of Cain's offering and his acceptance of Abel's (Gen. 4:2-5).在舊約聖經提到的第一個犧牲是上帝的拒絕該隱的產品和他接受阿貝爾的(將軍4:2-5 ) 。 The principal sacrifices of ancient Hebrew worship were the Paschal Lamb and the scapegoat. For Christians all sacrifice is fulfilled in the once-for-all self-offering of Jesus (Heb. 9-10). Postbiblical writers call the Christian Eucharist a sacrifice, identifying it with the pure offering of Malachi (Mal. 1:11).主要犧牲崇拜古代希伯來人的復活節的羔羊和替罪羊。 對於基督信徒履行所有的犧牲是在一次為所有的自我提供耶穌 ( Heb. 9月10日) 。 Postbiblical作家呼籲基督教聖體的犧牲,確定它與純提供瑪拉基( Mal. 1:11 ) 。

Bibliography 參考書目
Hubert, Henri, Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function, trans.休伯特,亨利,犧牲:它的性質和功能,轉運。 by WD Halls (1964); Mitchell, LL, The Meaning of Ritual (1977); Yerkes, Royden K., Sacrifice in Greek and Roman Religion and Early Judaism (1952).由西大廳( 1964年) ;米切爾鎊的含義儀式( 1977年) ;耶基斯, Royden光,犧牲在希臘和羅馬的宗教和猶太教早期( 1952年) 。


Sacrifice犧牲

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The offering up of sacrifices is to be regarded as a divine institution.此次發行的犧牲應被視為一項神聖的機構。 It did not originate with man.它並不是由人。 God himself appointed it as the mode in which acceptable worship was to be offered to him by guilty man.上帝任命它自己的模式中,可以接受的崇拜是可以提供給他的有罪的人。 The language and the idea of sacrifice pervade the whole Bible. Sacrifices were offered in the ante-diluvian age.的語言和想法,犧牲貫穿整個聖經。犧牲提供的產前diluvian年齡。 The Lord clothed Adam and Eve with the skins of animals, which in all probability had been offered in sacrifice (Gen. 3:21).主衣服亞當和夏娃的毛皮動物,它在所有的可能性提供了在犧牲(上將3時21分) 。 Abel offered a sacrifice "of the firstlings of his flock" (4:4; Heb. 11:4).阿貝爾提供了犧牲“的firstlings他的羊群” ( 4點04分;希伯來。 11點04分) 。

A distinction also was made between clean and unclean animals, which there is every reason to believe had reference to the offering up of sacrifices (Gen. 7:2, 8), because animals were not given to man as food till after the Flood.區別之間還寫了清潔和不清潔的動物,有充分的理由相信已經提到,提供高達犧牲(上將7點02分, 8 ) ,因為動物沒有考慮到人的食物後,洪水。 The same practice is continued down through the patriarchal age (Gen. 8:20; 12:7; 13:4, 18; 15:9-11; 22:1-18, etc.).同樣的做法是繼續下跌通過重男輕女年齡(將軍8:20 ;十二點07分, 13時04分, 18人; 15:9-11 ; 22:1-18 ,等等) 。 In the Mosaic period of Old Testament history definite laws were prescribed by God regarding the different kinds of sacrifices that were to be offered and the manner in which the offering was to be made.在花葉期間舊約歷史明確法律所訂明神就不同類型的犧牲,要提供和以何種方式提供了必須作出。 The offering of stated sacrifices became indeed a prominent and distinctive feature of the whole period (Ex. 12:3-27; Lev. 23:5-8; Num. 9:2-14).此次發行的聲明確實犧牲成為一個突出和顯著特點的整個時期(例如12:3-27 ;列夫。 23:5-8 ;序號。 9:2-14 ) 。

We learn from the Epistle to the Hebrews that sacrifices had in themselves no value or efficacy.我們從使徒的希伯來人犧牲了自己沒有價值或功效。 They were only the "shadow of good things to come," and pointed the worshippers forward to the coming of the great High Priest, who, in the fullness of the time, "was offered once for all to bear the sin of many."他們只是“影子的好東西來, ”並指出信徒著未來的偉大大祭司,誰,在適當的時間“ ,提供了一次為所有的罪惡承擔了許多。 ” Sacrifices belonged to a temporary economy, to a system of types and emblems which served their purposes and have now passed away.犧牲屬於臨時經濟,制度的類型和標誌這有助於他們的宗旨和現在已經過去了。 The "one sacrifice for sins" hath "perfected for ever them that are sanctified." “一個犧牲的罪孽”上帝“完善他們永遠是聖潔的。 ”

Sacrifices were of two kinds:犧牲了兩類:

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓圖解詞典)


This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


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