Punishment處罰

General Information 一般信息

In the Old Testament particularly, punishments for sins were severe.舊約中,特別是懲罰了嚴重的罪過。 Death was the punishment for striking or reviling a parent, for blasphemy, for Sabbath breaking, for witchcraft, for adultery, for rape, for incest, for kidnapping, for idolatry (Exod. 21:15,17; Lev. 24:14,16,23, Num. 15:32-36).死亡的懲罰罷工或謾罵父母,褻瀆,為安息日打破,為巫術,通姦,強姦,亂倫,綁架,為偶像( Exod. 21:15,17 ;列夫。 24:14 , 16,23 ,序號。 15:32-36 ) 。 Capital punishment was by stoning (Deut. 22:24).死刑是用石塊砸死( Deut. 22:24 ) 。 Romans introduced beheading (Matt. 14:10) and crucifixion (Mark 15:21-25).羅馬人介紹斬首(太14:10 )和受難(馬可福音15:21-25 ) 。 Other forms of punishment were being sawed apart, cutting with iron harrows, stripes, burning, and by the sword.其他形式的處罰除了被鋸,切割用鐵耙,條紋,燒毀,並用劍。 Punishment in kind was a common principle (Exod. 21:23-25).處罰實物是一個共同的原則( Exod. 21:23-25 ) 。

The New Testament suggests a less brutal approach to punishment. This is primarily based on Christ's procuring forgiveness for man by bearing punishment for sin (Acts 2:38; 10:38-43).新約提出了較為不殘忍的方式懲罰。這主要是基於基督的寬恕男子採購的軸承處罰罪(使徒2時38分; 10:38-43 ) 。

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Everlasting Punishment永恆的處罰

General Information 一般信息

Everlasting punishment is taught in Scripture for those who reject God's love that is revealed in Christ (Matt. 25:46; Dan. 12:2). In Matt.永恆的懲罰是在聖經的教導那些誰拒絕上帝的愛是顯示在基督(太25:46 ;丹。 12:2 ) 。在馬特。 25:46, the word aionion (translated "everlasting" and "eternal") applies to the destiny of both the saved and the lost. 25:46 ,這個詞aionion (譯自“永恆”和“永恆” )適用於命運的保存和丟失。 The final place of everlasting punishment is called the "lake of fire" (Rev. 19:20; 20:10,14,15).最後發生的永恆的懲罰是被稱為“火湖” (修訂版19:20 ; 20:10,14,15 ) 。 It is also called "the second death" (Rev. 14:9-11; 20:6).這也是所謂的“第二次的死” (修訂版14:9-11 ; 20時06分) 。

"Hell" in Scripture translates Hades , the unseen realm where the souls of all the dead are. “地獄”在聖經翻譯閻王 ,看不見境界的靈魂所有死者都是。 Gehenna is the place of punishment of Hades. Gehenna的地點是懲罰閻王。 Paradise is the place of blessing of Hades (Luke 16:19-31).天堂的地點是祝福閻王(路加福音16:19-31 ) 。 The reason for eternal punishment is the rejection of the love of God in Christ (John 3:18,19).其原因是永恆的懲罰拒絕上帝的愛在基督(約翰3:18,19 ) 。


Punishment處罰

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Throughout the Bible it is insisted that sin is to be punished.整個聖經它堅持認為,黃大仙是受到懲罰。 In an ultimate sense God will see that this is done, but temporarily the obligation is laid upon those in authority to see that wrongdoers are punished.在最終意義上的上帝會看到這一點,但暫時規定的義務後,當權者地看到,違法者受到懲罰。 The lex talionis of Exod.法報復的Exod 。 21:23-25 is not the expression of a vindictive spirit. 21:23-25不是表達了報復性的精神。 Rather it assures an even justice (the rich and the poor are to be treated alike) and a penalty proportionate to the crime.相反,它保證了即使司法(富國和窮國要同樣的待遇) ,並罰款相稱的犯罪行為。

Two important points emerge from OT usage.兩個重要問題擺脫催產素使用。 The verb used in the sense of "punish" is paqad, which means "visit."中使用的動詞意義上的“懲罰”是paqad ,意思是“訪問” 。 For God to come into contact with sin is for him to punish it.上帝接觸到黃大仙是他懲罰。 Of the nouns used, most are simply the words for sin.使用的名詞,大多數只是字的罪孽。 Sin necessarily and inevitably involves punishment.黃大仙必然和不可避免地涉及處罰。

In the NT "punishment" is not as common as "condemnation," which may be significant.在新界“懲罰”是不能作為共同為“譴責” ,這可能是很大的。 To be condemned is sufficient.應受到譴責是不夠的。 Punishment is implied. The removal of punishment is brought about by the atoning death of our Lord.處罰是不言而喻的。取消懲罰所帶來的贖罪死亡我們的上帝。 It is not said in so many words that Jesus bore punishment, unless bearing our sins (Heb. 9:28; I Pet. 2:24) be held to mean this. But that his sufferings were penal seems clearly to be the NT teaching.這並不是說,在這麼多的話,耶穌負有懲罰,除非關係到我們的罪孽( Heb. 9點28 ,我寵物。 2時24分)舉行意味著這一點。但他的痛苦是刑法似乎顯然是新台幣教學。

L Morris L莫里斯
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
C. Brown, NIDNTT,III, 98ff., H. Buis, The Doctrine of Eternal Punishment; L. Boettner, Immortality; HE Guilleband, The Righteous Judge: A Study of the Biblical Doctrine of Everlasting Punishment; J. Schneider, TDNT, III, 814ff.布朗, NIDNTT ,三, 98ff 。閣下Buis ,這個學說的永恆的處罰;研究伯特納,不朽;何Guilleband ,正義法官:研究聖經學說永遠處罰;學者施奈德, TDNT ,三, 814ff 。


Pun'ishment

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The New Testament lays down the general principles of good government, but contains no code of laws for the punishment of offenders. Punishment proceeds on the principle that there is an eternal distinction between right and wrong, and that this distinction must be maintained for its own sake. 新約規定的一般原則良好的政府,但不包含任何代碼的法律,懲罰犯罪者。處罰收益的原則,是一個永恆的區分正確和錯誤的,而且這種區分必須保持對自己的酒。 It is not primarily intended for the reformation of criminals, nor for the purpose of deterring others from sin.這不是主要用於改造罪犯,也不是為了阻止他人罪。 These results may be gained, but crime in itself demands punishment.這些結果可能會上漲,但犯罪本身的要求懲罰。 Endless, of the impenitent and unbelieving.無止境的,對不知悔改的和不信。 The rejection of this doctrine "cuts the ground from under the gospel...blots out the attribute of retributive justice; transmutes sin into misfortune instead of guilt; turns all suffering into chastisement; converts the piacular work of Christ into moral influence ...The attempt to retain the evangelical theology in connection with it is futile" (Shedd).反對這一理論“削減從地面下的福音...消滅了屬性的懲罰性司法; transmutes罪成不幸不是認罪;輪流到所有的痛苦責罰;轉換piacular工作基督進入道德影響力...企圖保留福音神學方面是徒勞“ (謝) 。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓圖解詞典)


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