Providence普羅維登斯

General Information 一般信息

Providence is the universal sovereign reign of God.普羅維登斯是普遍主權統治的上帝。 It is God's preserving and governing all His creatures, and all their actions (Job 9:5,6; 28:25; Ps. 104:10-25; 145:15; 147:9; Matt. 4:4; 6:26-28; Luke 12:6,7; Acts 17:25-28). General providence includes the government of the entire Universe, especially the affairs of men. Special providence is God's particular care over the life and activity of the Believer (Rom. 8:28).這是上帝的維護和管理他所有的生物,和他們所有的行動(就業9:5,6 ; 28:25 ;聚苯乙烯。 104:10-25 ; 145:15 ; 147:9 ;馬特。四點零四; 6 : 26-28 ;路加福音12:6,7 ;行為17:25-28 ) 。 一般靜宜包括政府的整個宇宙,特別是男子的事務。 特別靜宜是上帝的特殊照顧的生活和活動的信徒(光盤。 8時28分) 。

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Providence of God普羅維登斯的上帝

Advanced Information 先進的信息

"Providence" is one of the words which do not occur in the Bible but which nevertheless represent truly a biblical doctrine. “天意”是一個字不發生在聖經,但仍然是一個真正的聖經教義。 There is no Hebrew equivalent for "providence," and the Greek word translated thus, pronoia, is used only of human foresight (Acts 24:2; Rom. 13:14; for the verb pronoeo, see Rom. 12:17; II Cor. 8:21; I Tim. 5:8).毫無相當於希伯來文的“天意” ,和希臘詞翻譯,因此, pronoia ,只用於人類的遠見(使徒24:2 ;光盤。 13點14 ;為動詞pronoeo見光盤。 12時17 ;二心病。 8時21分,我添。五時08分) 。 Rather, the Bible uses ad hoc words like "he giveth food to all flesh" (Ps. 136:25), or "he sendeth forth springs into the valleys" (Ps. 104:10), expressing in concrete situations God's mighty acts toward his children.相反,使用特設聖經的話,如“他giveth所有肉食品” ( Ps. 136:25 ) ,或“他sendeth提出彈簧進入山谷” ( Ps. 104:10 )表示,在具體情況下上帝的偉大行為對他的孩子們。

We must resist the temptation to think about providence generally and independently of Christ.我們必須抵制誘惑,想想靜宜普遍和獨立的基督。 It would be possible to draw on certain Psalms and the Sermon the Mount, for example, to make up a doctrine of God's relationship to his creation that had nothing to do with Jesus Christ. But since it is in Christ that this relationship is established, an attempt to understand it apart from him would be a misinterpretation from the start.將有可能利用某些詩篇和講道山,例如,以彌補理論上帝的關係,他的創作沒有什麼關係耶穌基督。但因為它是在基督這種關係得以確立,試圖理解它除了他將是一個錯誤的開始。 In Jesus Christ, God has set up the relationship between himself and his creatures, promising to carry through his purpose in creation to its triumphal conclusion.在耶穌基督,上帝建立了關係,他本人和他的動物,有前途,以貫徹其目的在建立其凱旋的結論。 The primal relationship with Adam, renewed with Noah (Gen. 8:21-22), is no less in Christo than in the covenant with Abraham or Moses.原始與亞當,延長諾亞(將軍8:21-22 ) ,同樣是在克里斯托比盟約與亞伯拉罕或摩西。 The Mediator who is the incarnate Word establishes this relationship, and in him God becomes the God of men and they become his people.調解誰是體現Word中建立這種關係,並在他的上帝成為上帝的男子,他們就成為他的人民。 (The Mediator must also be regarded as setting up the relationship between God and his creatures other than man.) As their God, he will take up the responsibility for their earthly existence. (調解員也必須被看作是建立關係的上帝和他的動物以外的其他人。 )作為他們的神,他將承擔起責任的人間存在。

The doctrine of providence may be viewed from three different aspects.普羅維登斯的理論可從三個不同方面。

In sum, the doctrine of providence tells us that the world and our lives are not ruled by chance or by fate but by God, who lays bare his purposes of providence in the incarnation of his Son.總之,理論的普羅維登斯告訴我們,世界和我們的生活並不排除出於偶然或出於命運,而是由上帝,誰暴露了他的目的在普羅維登斯的化身,他的兒子。

THL Parker THL帕克
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
"Providence" in HERE, HDB, and Sacramentum Mundi V, 130-33; J. Calvin, Institutes 1.16-18; H. Heppe, Reformed Dogmatics; K. Barth, Church Dogmatics, III/3, 48; GC Berkouwer, The Providence of God; W. Eichrodt, Theology of the OT, II, ch. “天意”在這裡,建屋局和Sacramentum曼迪五, 130-33 ;學者卡爾文學院1.16-18閣下; Heppe ,改革教義學的K.巴特,教會教義學,三/ 3 , 48 ;氣相色譜Berkouwer ,該普羅維登斯的上帝;總統Eichrodt ,神學的催產素,第二,甲烷。 17. 17 。


Pro'vidence

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Providence literally means foresight, but is generally used to denote God's preserving and governing all things by means of second causes (Ps. 18:35; 63:8; Acts 17:28; Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:3).普羅維登斯字面意思遠見,但通常是用來指神的維護和管理所有的事情通過第二原因( Ps. 18:35 ; 63:8 ;行為17:28 ;上校1點17分;希伯來。 1:3 ) 。 God's providence extends to the natural world (Ps. 104:14; 135:5-7; Acts 14:17), the brute creation (Ps. 104:21-29; Matt. 6:26; 10:29), and the affairs of men (1 Chr. 16: 31; Ps. 47:7; Prov. 21:1; Job 12:23; Dan.2:21; 4:25), and of individuals (1 Sam. 2:6; Ps. 18:30; Luke 1:53; James 4: 13-15).上帝的普羅維登斯延伸到世界自然( Ps. 104:14 ; 135:5-7 ;行為14:17 ) ,野蠻創造( Ps. 104:21-29 ;馬特。 6點26分; 10:29 ) ,以及事務的男子( 1染色體。 16 : 31 ;聚苯乙烯。 47:7 ;省。 21時01分;項目12時23分; Dan.2 : 21 ; 4時25分) ,和個人( 1山姆。二點06分;聚苯乙烯。 18:30 ;路加福音1時53 ;詹姆斯4 : 13-15 ) 。

It extends also to the free actions of men (Ex. 12:36; 1 Sam. 24:9-15; Ps. 33:14, 15; Prov. 16:1; 19:21; 20:24; 21:1), and things sinful (2 Sam. 16:10; 24:1; Rom. 11:32; Acts 4:27, 28), as well as to their good actions (Phil. 2:13; 4:13; 2 Cor. 12:9, 10; Eph. 2:10; Gal. 5: 22-25). As regards sinful actions of men, they are represented as occurring by God's permission (Gen. 45:5; 50:20. Comp. 1 Sam. 6:6; Ex. 7:13; 14:17; Acts 2:3; 3:18; 4:27, 28), and as controlled (Ps. 76:10) and overruled for good (Gen. 50:20; Acts 3:13).這也延伸到自由行動的男子(例如: 12:36 ; 1山姆。 24:9-15 ;聚苯乙烯。 33:14 , 15 ;省。 16:1 ; 19:21 ; 20:24 ; 21時01 ) ,和外罪孽深重( 2山姆。 16:10 ; 24:1 ;光盤。 11點32分;行為4時27分, 28歲) ,以及其良好的行動( Phil. 2點13分; 4點13 ; 2心病。 12時09分, 10 ;弗。 2點10 ;半乳糖。 5 : 22-25 ) 。至於罪惡行動的男人,他們派代表作為上帝所發生的許可(將軍45:5 ; 50:20 。比較。 1山姆。 6時06分;前。 7點13分, 14時17分;行為二點03 ; 3點18 ; 4點27分, 28歲) ,並作為控制( Ps. 76:10 )和推翻良好(根。 50:20 ;行為3時13分) 。

God does not cause or approve of sin, but only limits, restrains, overrules it for good. The mode of God's providential government is altogether unexplained. 上帝不會導致或核准的罪孽,但只限制,限制, overrules為好。方式上帝的天賜政府是完全無法解釋。 We only know that it is a fact that God does govern all his creatures and all their actions; that this government is universal (Ps. 103:17-19), particular (Matt. 10:29-31), efficacious (Ps. 33:11; Job 23:13), embraces events apparently contingent (Prov. 16:9, 33; 19: 21; 21:1), is consistent with his own perfection (2 Tim. 2:13), and to his own glory (Rom. 9:17; 11:36).我們只知道,這是一個事實,即上帝不治理他的所有生物和一切行動;這是政府的普遍( Ps. 103:17-19 ) ,特別是(太10:29-31 ) ,有效( Ps. 33:11 ;就業23:13 ) ,包括事件顯然特遣隊(省16:9 , 33 ; 19 : 21 ; 21時零一) ,符合自己的完美( 2蒂姆。 2點13分) ,和他的自己的榮耀( Rom. 9時17分; 11點36分) 。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓圖解詞典)


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