Gospel According to John約翰福音

General Information 一般信息

The Gospel According to John is the fourth book of the New Testament of the Bible.該約翰福音是第四本書的新約聖經。 In style, language, and content, it differs dramatically from the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke - called the synoptic Gospels.在風格,語言和內容,它的顯著不同的馬太福音,馬克,和盧克-所謂的天氣福音。 Unlike these Gospels, the fourth Gospel opens with a philosophical prologue (John 1:1 - 18). It identifies the Logos, or Word, with Christ and introduces the themes to be developed in the Gospel.與這些福音,第四福音打開一個哲學序幕(約1:1 - 18 ) 。 它確定了標誌或文字,並介紹了與基督的主題是發展中的福音。 Further comparisons show that the synoptic Gospels describe the ministry of Christ mainly in Galilee, with reference to only one Passover; but John situates most of the events in Judea and refers to three Passovers.進一步比較表明,該概要描述福音部主要基督加利利,關於只有一個逾越節;但約翰地處大多數事件中, Judea和指三個Passovers 。

Thus it is from John's Gospel that one concludes that Jesus' ministry lasted 3 years. In the synoptic Gospels, parables are Jesus' vehicle for teaching; in John, long discourses are used. 因此,它是由約翰的福音,一個結論是,耶穌部持續3年。在天氣福音,比喻是耶穌的車輛用於教學;在約翰,長期使用的論述。 Although John omits significant events such as the Temptation of Christ and the Transfiguration, he relates a number of events in Jesus' life not found in the synoptic Gospels.雖然約翰遺漏重要的事件,如基督的誘惑和變形,他涉及了一些活動在耶穌的生活中找不到天氣福音。

By the time the fourth Gospel was written, in the latter half of the 1st century, Christianity had shifted from Jerusalem to the Aegean world.的時候,第四福音是書面的,在下半年的1世紀,基督教已轉向從耶路撒冷愛琴海世界。 The thought of the day was directed more to universal truths than to historical facts. With the development of Gnosticism, the idea of the spirit was stressed, and the idea of the material was deemphasized. Weaving into his message concepts like truth, light, life, spirit, and word, John aimed to teach that God's eternal truth had become incarnated for the Salvation of humankind in events that happened once for all. He could not overlook historical events because he believed that in Christ the eternal had become flesh and dwelt among humankind.思維的一天更加普遍的真理,而不是歷史事實。隨著諾斯替主義的想法是強調精神和思想的材料deemphasized 。 織造到他的信息概念,例如真相,重量輕,壽命,精神和文字,約翰旨在教導上帝的永恆的真理已成為體現拯救人類在事件發生後,所有。他不能忽視的歷史事件,因為他認為,在基督裡已經成為永恆的血肉談到之間人類。 For John, the true meaning of the eternal could only be understood through the Revelation of God in the historical person Jesus Christ.對於約翰的真正含義,永恆的,只能被理解的啟示上帝在歷史的人耶穌。

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According to a tradition dating from the second half of the 2d century, the author of the Gospel was Saint John, the Apostle.根據傳統的歷史可以追溯到下半年的二維世紀,作者是聖約翰福音,使徒。 Many are still convinced of the tradition's accuracy.許多人仍然相信,傳統的準確性。 Others, while acknowledging that John the Apostle is the source behind the Gospel, refer to John the Elder, a disciple of John, as the author.其他人,同時承認約翰使徒的根源背後的福音,是指老約翰的門徒約翰,因為作者。

Douglas Ezell道格拉斯Ezell

Bibliography 參考書目
CH Dodd, The Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel (1960); WF Howard, Christianity According to St. John (1943); EF Scott, The Fourth Gospel (1930); WH Thomas, The Apostle John (1984).甲烷多德解釋第四福音( 1960年) ;白霍華德,基督教據聖約翰( 1943年) ;英法斯科特,第四福音( 1930年) ;武漢托馬斯使徒約翰( 1984年) 。


Gospel of John約翰福音

Brief Outline簡要概述

  1. Incarnate Word (1:1-18)降生字( 1:1-18 )
  2. Testimony to Jesus' Messiahship (1:19-2:11)見證耶穌Messiahship ( 1:19-2:11 )
  3. Christ's self-revelation, through words and deeds (2:12-12:50)基督的自我啟示,通過言行( 2:12-12:50 )
  4. Christ's self-revelation, through His Crucifixion and Resurrection (13-21)基督的自我啟示,通過他的受難和復活( 13-21 )


Gospel of John約翰福音

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The genuineness of this Gospel, ie, the fact that the apostle John was its author, is beyond all reasonable doubt.的真實性,這個福音,即這樣一個事實,即使徒約翰是作者,是超越一切合理懷疑。 In recent times, from about 1820, many attempts have been made to impugn its genuineness, but without success.最近,從大約1820年,許多曾經抨擊其真實性,但沒有成功。 The design of John in writing this Gospel is stated by himself (John 20:31).約翰的設計在寫這本福音書是由他本人所說(約20:31 ) 。 It was at one time supposed that he wrote for the purpose of supplying the omissions of the synoptical, ie, of the first three, Gospels, but there is no evidence for this.這是在同一時間,他寫道:支持的目的是提供遺漏的概要,即前三,福音,但沒有任何證據表明此。 "There is here no history of Jesus and his teaching after the manner of the other evangelists. But there is in historical form a representation of the Christian faith in relation to the person of Christ as its central point; and in this representation there is a picture on the one hand of the antagonism of the world to the truth revealed in him, and on the other of the spiritual blessedness of the few who yield themselves to him as the Light of life" (Reuss). “我們這裡沒有歷史的耶穌和他的教學方式後的其他福音。但是,在歷史上形成一個代表基督教信仰與基督的人作為其中心點;並在這代表有一個圖片一方面的對抗世界的真相揭露,他和其他的精神幸福的少數高產誰給他自己的生命之光“ ( Reuss ) 。

After the prologue (1:1-5), the historical part of the book begins with verse 6, and consists of two parts.經過序幕( 1:1-5 ) ,歷史的一部分,這本書首先詩句6 ,由兩部分組成。 The first part (1: 6-ch. 12) contains the history of our Lord's public ministry from the time of his introduction to it by John the Baptist to its close.第一部分( 1 : 6路。 12 )包含的歷史,我們的上帝的公共事務部的時間從他的介紹,它的施洗約翰將要結束。 The second part (ch. 13-21) presents our Lord in the retirement of private life and in his intercourse with his immediate followers (13-17), and gives an account of his sufferings and of his appearances to the disciples after his resurrection (18-21).第二部分( 13-21章)介紹我們的上帝在退休的私人生活和他的交往,他立即追隨者( 13-17 ) ,並敘述了他的痛苦和他的弟子亮相後復活( 18-21 ) 。 The peculiarities of this Gospel are the place it gives (1) to the mystical relation of the Son to the Father, and (2) of the Redeemer to believers; (3) the announcement of the Holy Ghost as the Comforter; (4) the prominence given to love as an element in the Christian character. It was obviously addressed primarily to Christians.的特殊性這福音的地方是它給( 1 )神秘的關係,兒子的父親,和( 2 )救世主信徒; ( 3 )宣布聖靈的安慰; ( 4 )在突出愛情的一個因素在基督教特徵。顯然這是處理主要是為了基督徒。 It was probably written at Ephesus, which, after the destruction of Jerusalem (AD 70), became the centre of Christian life and activity in the East, about AD 90.這可能是書面以弗所,經過摧毀耶路撒冷(公元70 ) ,成為該中心的基督徒的生活和活動的地區,約公元90 。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓圖解詞典)


John約翰

Advanced Information 先進的信息

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓圖解詞典)


Gospel of St. John聖約翰福音

Catholic Information 天主教新聞

This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


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