Voodoo巫毒

General Information 一般信息

Voodoo is a religious system with followers predominantly in Haiti, the West Indies.巫術是一種宗教制度,主要是在海地的追隨者,西印度群島。 Developed by slaves brought to Haiti by the French between the 17th and 19th centuries, it combines features of African and native West Indian religion along with some of the Roman Catholic liturgy and sacraments.發達國家的奴隸帶到海地由法國17至19世紀,它結合了非洲的特點和本地西印度宗教以及一些羅馬天主教禮拜儀式和聖禮。 The voodoo deities, called loa, are closely related to African gods and may be spirits of natural phenomena - such as fire, water, or wind - or of the dead, including eminent ancestors.神的巫術,所謂協議書,是密切相關的非洲神,可能是精神的自然現象-如消防,水,或風-或死亡,其中包括著名的祖先。 A feature of the cult is that at special ceremonies the loa have the power to make their presence known.一個特點是,在邪教的特別儀式的協議書有權力,使他們的存在。 They temporarily displace the astral body of a living person and occupy his or her physical body.他們暫時取代星芒身體,生活的人,佔領他或她的身體。 The individual thus possessed is said to be mounted by the loa and behaves and acts as the loa directs, usually in a manner characteristic of the loa itself.個人因而擁有據說是安裝的協議書和表現並作為納羅亞指示,通常的方式特點納羅亞本身。 Priests called houngans preside over these ceremonies.牧師呼籲這些houngans主持儀式。

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Two main groups constitute the loa: the rada, often mild and helping, and the petro, dangerous and often deadly.兩大類構成納羅亞:在拉達,往往輕度和幫助,以及石油,危險的,而且往往是致命的。 Graveyards, coffins, shrouds, bones, and skulls figure prominently in the symbolism of the petro cult.墓地,棺木,整流罩,骨骼,頭骨和突出的象徵意義的石油邪教。 The bocor, or priest, is especially dreaded for his supposed ability to create the zombie, a newly dead body that he reanimates by causing it to be possessed by an elemental spirit under his control.該bocor ,或神父,特別是可怕的,他理應能夠創建殭屍,一個新的屍體,他reanimates ,造成它的元素所擁有的精神在他的控制。

Benjamin Walker本傑明沃克

Bibliography: 參考書目:
H Courlander and R Bastein, Religion and Politics in Haiti (1966); W Davis, The Serpent and the Rainbow (1986) and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian Zombie (1988); M Deren, Divine Horsemen (1953); J Haskins, Witchcraft, Mysticism and Magic in the Black World (1974); J Kerboull, Voodoo and Magic Practices (1978); A Metraux, Voodoo in Haiti (1972). H Courlander和R Bastein ,宗教和政治在海地( 1966年) ; W戴維斯,蛇和彩虹( 1986年)和通過黑暗:在民族生物學海地殭屍( 1988年) ; M瑪雅黛倫,神聖騎士( 1953年) ; J哈斯金斯,巫術,神秘主義和魔幻世界中的黑人( 1974年) ; J Kerboull ,巫術和魔法實踐( 1978年) ;阿Metraux ,巫術在海地( 1972年) 。


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