Scientology科學

General Information 一般信息

Scientology is a religious movement based on the teachings of the American writer and visionary L Ron Hubbard (1911 - 86). Hubbard won prominence with his book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950), in which he outlined a form of therapy (Dianetics) for curing emotional and psychosomatic illnesses and enhancing life.科學是一個宗教運動的教義的基礎上的美國作家和富有遠見的L羅恩哈伯德( 1911年至1986年) 。哈伯德韓元突出他的新書戴尼提:現代科學的心理健康( 1950年) ,他在其中的一種形式,概述療法(戴尼提)治療情緒和心身疾病和提高生活。 Subjects were trained by auditors (therapists) to increase the power of the analytical (conscious) mind and subdue the influence of "engrams" (painful impressions of past experiences) that confuse the "reactive," or unconscious, mind.受試者訓練審計員(治療) ,以增加功率的分析(意識)銘記和征服的影響, “ engrams ” (痛苦的印象,過去的經驗)的混淆, “反應” ,或失去知覺,銘記。 Hubbard's work took on a religious dimension with the publication of Science of Survival (1951), which explained the religious philosophy of Scientology.哈伯德的工作加強了對宗教層面,並出版了科學的生存( 1951年) ,這解釋了宗教哲學的科學。 The Church of Scientology, founded in 1954, has an estimated 8 million members in more than 70 countries.科學論派教會,成立於1954年,有一個估計有800萬成員在70多個國家。

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It teaches that human beings are immortal spirits called thetans and practices a ritual known as auditing, the purpose of which is to free the thetan from past painful experiences, making possible increased spiritual awareness and abilities.它教導我們,人類是不朽的精神和做法稱為thetans儀式稱為審計,其目的是釋放thetan從過去痛苦的經歷,使人們有可能增加精神的認識和能力。 A device called an E - meter is used to guide individuals during auditing and help them to locate precise areas of spiritual difficulty. The church has been the subject of much controversy.裝置稱為專-米是用來指導個人在審計,並幫助他們找到確切地區精神文明困難。教堂一直受到很大爭議。 Its headquarters is in Los Angeles.它總部是洛杉磯。

Bibliography: 參考書目:
H Whitehead, Renunciation and Reformulation (1987); JA Winter, Dianetics: A Doctor's Report (1987). H懷特海,放棄和重( 1987年) ;茉莉冬季,戴尼提:一個醫生的報告( 1987年) 。


Scientology科學

Additional Information 其他信息

In general, BELIEVE tries to avoid repeating information that seems to have minimal documentation, but there is an interesting anecdote that exists.一般而言,認為試圖避免重複信息,似乎已經微乎其微文件,但有一個有趣的故事存在。 Allegedly, L. Ron Hubbard, a former therapist, and Arthur C. Clarke, the noted author, were friends, and Hubbard bet Clarke that he could start a new religion.據稱,研究羅恩哈伯德,前治療,並阿瑟克拉克,指出作者的,是朋友,哈伯德打賭克拉克,他可以開始一個新的宗教。 The anecdote concludes with him creating Scientology as a result.故事結束了與他建立科學的結果。 Again, we have not found specific evidence either supporting or denying that story.同樣,我們還沒有發現任何具體證據支持或否認的故事。

There seem to be two main versions of this story.似乎有兩個主要版本的這個故事。 One is that the alleged conversation occurred in private, at Mr. Clarke's home, with no actual witnesses, and that one or both later commented to friends about it.一個是被指控的交談發生在私營部門,在克拉克先生的家,沒有實際的證人,而一方或雙方後來給朋友的。 The other is that the alleged conversation was supposed to have occurred at a Conference of science fiction writers.另一種是所聲稱的談話是要發生在會議的科幻作家。

Regarding the first, there is obviously no way to confirm or deny that such a conversation actually took place.關於第一個,顯然沒有辦法證實或否認,這樣的談話確實發生了。 Regarding the second, a County Court Case in Munich, Germany heard a Complaint (in October 1982, around 30 years after the alleged fact) against adversaries of Scientology regarding publicizing a story regarding the Conference version.關於第二個,一個縣法院判例在德國慕尼黑,聽取了投訴( 1982年10月,大約30年後,被指控的事實)對對手的科學宣傳有關的故事就會議的版本。 Two Affidavits (Kyle and Klein) are in the Court files regarding their statements that they were present at that Conference and that no such conversation had occurred.兩個誓章(凱爾和克萊因)在法院的文件就其發言,他們目前在那次會議上,沒有發生過這類的談話。 It is immensely difficult to "prove a negative", and it is hard to see how attendees at such a Conference could provide absolute proof that the two gentlemen did not have a brief conversation somewhere where the two witnesses were not by their sides!這是極為困難的“證明負面” ,這是很難想像這樣一個出席會議可以提供絕對證據證明,兩位紳士沒有一個簡短的談話的地方的兩名證人而不是由他們雙方! In any case, there are apparently official documents in a County Court in Munich, Germany (9 0 19 087/82) where the two claim that the alleged conversation had never occurred.在任何情況下,有明顯的正式文件在縣法院在慕尼黑,德國( 9 0 19 82分之087 )凡兩個聲稱,被指控的談話從未發生。 As an impartial observer, I note that this Court action was not done in the United States and not earlier than 30 years after the fact and in a relatively minor Court.作為一個公正的觀察員,我注意到,這個法院的行動卻沒有這樣做在美國和在不早於30年後的事實,並在一個相對較小的法院。

It still seems unclear to us whether there was any such conversation, in private somewhere, although it now seems better established that there was probably no public conversation.它似乎仍然不清楚我們是否有這樣的談話,在私人地方,但現在看來更好地確立起來,有可能是沒有公開的談話。 Whatever the reality was, there is now a fairly large group of believers in Scientology!無論現實情況是,現在有相當大的一批信徒在科學!


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