Satanism撒旦教

General Information 一般信息

Satanism, the worship of Satan, developed from the religious doctrine that there are two supreme beings - one good, the other evil.撒旦教,崇拜撒旦,發達的宗教教義有兩個最高法院人-一個很好的,其他的罪惡。 It involves black magic, sorcery, and the invocation of demons and the forces of darkness, who are propitiated by blood sacrifices and similar rites. In Christian cultures these ceremonies include the Black Mass, a mockery of the Christian rite.它涉及到黑魔法,巫術,並援引惡魔和黑暗勢力,誰是propitiated的血犧牲和類似的儀式。 在基督教文化的這些儀式包括黑彌撒,嘲弄了基督教儀式。

Satanists, or Luciferians, believe that Satan is the power behind the processes of nature. Satanists ,或Luciferians ,認為撒旦是權力背後利用自然的過程。 What is natural is acceptable. Sin is only what is unpleasant.什麼是自然是可以接受的。黃大仙只有什麼是不愉快的。 Unlike the Christian God - stern and moralistic, restraining the free expression of the instincts with a set of difficult and unnatural commandments under threat of punishment hereafter - Satan is the leader of a liberated people who are free and indeed encouraged to indulge in the good things of life, including uninhibited sexual activity.不同的是基督教的上帝-斯特恩和說教,限制的自由表達的本能了一套困難和非自然誡命懲罰威脅下稱-撒旦是領導的人民解放誰是免費的,實際上鼓勵放縱的好東西生活,包括不受限制性活動。 The history of Satanism is obscure.撒旦教的歷史上是模糊的。 Medieval Christian writers tended to label any dualist sect (such as the Bogomils and Albigensians) as Satanist.中世紀基督教作家往往標籤任何二元節(如Bogomils和Albigensians )作為Satanist 。

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Bibliography: 參考書目:
WS Bainbridge, Satan's Power: A Deviant Psychotherapy Cult (1978); P Haining, ed., Satanists (1970); A Masters, The Devil's Dominion (1979); C Nugent, Masks of Satan (1984). WAS斑布里奇,撒但的權力:一種心理偏差邪教( 1978年) ; P海寧,教育署。 , Satanists ( 1970年) ;碩士,魔鬼的Dominion ( 1979年) ; ç紐金特,口罩撒旦( 1984年) 。


Satanism and Witchcraft惡魔崇拜和巫術

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Worship of Satan and the use of sorcery with evil intent. Probably no subject alarms Christians more than that of satanism and witchcraft. 崇拜撒旦和使用巫術與邪惡意圖。或許沒有主題警報器基督徒比惡魔崇拜和巫術。 Today many groups claim to be neopagans who belong to such movements.今天,許多團體聲稱neopagans誰屬於這類運動。 These groups, along with practitioners of ritual magic, are often conceived as belonging to a vast underground movement with its roots in antiquity.這些團體,以及從業人員的儀式魔術,常常設想屬於一個龐大的地下運動,它是古代。 In fact, the neopagan movement consists of a large number of small, diverse groups who share the common belief that they are inheritors of ancient religious traditions.事實上, neopagan運動是由大量的小,誰不同群體有著共同的信仰,他們繼承了古老的宗教傳統。 Some of these groups are violently anti Christian, but others claim to be the true inheritors of Gnostic Christianity. The traditions to which they appeal in their attempts to legitimate themselves vary greatly. Some claim to be a revival of Druidism, others of Greek religions, or of ancient Egyptian mysteries.其中一些團體的暴力反基督教,但另一些自稱是真正的繼承者諾斯底基督教。 的傳統它們呼籲在試圖合法本身差異很大。一些自稱是恢復Druidism ,其他希臘宗教,或對古埃及之謎。 Many simply claim to belong to what they call WICCA, which they assert is the ancient witchcraft religion of Europe.許多人只是聲稱屬於他們所說WICCA ,他們聲稱是古代巫術宗教的歐洲。 A few groups claim to be satanists who worship the devil of the Christian traditions.一些團體聲稱自己是誰satanists崇拜魔鬼的基督教傳統。

In the new pagans' understanding of the world, Christians have distorted humanity's development by emphasizing the dominance of the intellect over other aspects of the human psyche.在新的異教徒'了解世界,基督徒歪曲人類的發展,強調的智力優勢超過其他方面的人權精神。 Christians, they claim, demand that humans subordinate themselves, their emotions, and will to God.基督教徒,他們聲稱,要求人類服從,他們的情緒,並會向上帝。 The new pagans argue that humans must live in harmony with nature.新異教徒認為,人類必須與自然和諧共處。 Such a harmony represents a cosmic orientation which they claim brings man in contact with the cosmic powers of the universe.這樣一種和諧的方向代表了宇宙的索賠帶來了他們的人與宇宙,宇宙的權力。

For the new pagans, religion is a practical activity carried out through ritual and ceremonial acts to align the participants with the cosmic order and thus release the mystical power within them. The exact rituals, techniques, and beliefs of the new pagan groups vary greatly. But all are concerned with a quest for power and the desire that humans control their own destiny.對於新的異教徒,宗教是一種實踐活動開展儀式和禮儀的行為,使與會者與宇宙秩序,從而釋放的神秘力量在其中。確切的儀式,技術,和信仰的新異教團體差異很大。 但是,所有涉及尋求權力的願望,人類掌握自己的命運。

The roots of the new paganism lie in the romantic movement of the nineteenth century and the desire to exalt feelings and imagination over the intellect.的根源在於新異教的浪漫運動在十九世紀的願望得以昇華的感情和想像力的智慧。 Thus the poetry of William Blake is often very important to members of such groups.因此,詩歌威廉布萊克往往是非常重要的這類群體的成員。 Contrary to their claims, the history of these pagan movements is relatively short.相反,他們的說法,歷史上的這些異教的運動是相對較短。 Rather than representing long historical traditions the majority represent groups only a few decades old.而不是代表悠久的歷史傳統,大多數代表的群體只有幾十年歷史。

One of the most important figures in the growth of modern paganism is Alphonse Louis Constant (1810 - 75), who called himself Eliphas Levi.其中最重要的數字的增長,現代異教是阿路易常數( 1810至1875年) ,誰自稱Eliphas列維。 An ex Roman Catholic seminarian, he claimed to be an occult initiate and wrote many books that purported to reveal ancient mysteries and occult law.當然羅馬天主教修,他自稱是隱匿發起並寫了許多書,旨在揭示奧秘和神秘古老的法律。 He drew upon theories of magic and the kabbalah, which is an ancient system of Jewish mysticism.他借鑒的理論和卡巴拉魔術,這是一個古老的制度,猶太神秘主義。

In Britain, the growth of modern paganism was encouraged by the foundation of the Order of the Golden Dawn in 1888.在英國,增長現代異教感到鼓舞的是,基金會進行的黃金黎明於1888年。 This is the most famous of many esoteric groups that grew out of nineteenth century romanticism.這是最有名的許多深奧團體源自十九世紀浪漫主義。 The movement's influence extends to the work of such figures as the poet WB Yeats and the notorious black magician Alistair Crowley.該運動的影響力延伸到工作的這些數字正如詩人葉芝和世界銀行臭名昭著的黑色魔術師阿利斯泰爾克勞利。 Most ritual magic and satanistic groups trace their origins to these sources.最神奇的儀式和satanistic團體追踪它們的起源這些資源。

The majority of witchcraft groups have a different and less bizarre history.大多數巫術團體有不同的歷史和不太奇怪。 In England the work of historian Margaret Murray, who claimed to have discovered evidence of a pre Reformation witchcraft religion, and Gerald Gardiner, the proprietor of a witchcraft museum on the Isle of Man, provides the basis for most WICCA groups. Although these authors give witchcraft an apparently respectable history, their works have not stood the test of time. They are in fact refuted by competent historians. Today witchcraft groups are usually based upon the journalistic writings of self proclaimed witches who propound a religion based upon the concept of a mother goddess.在英國工作的歷史學家瑪格麗特默里,誰聲稱已發現的證據表明,改革前巫術宗教,杰拉爾德伽爾迪納,所有人的巫術博物館在馬恩島,提供了基礎最WICCA群體。 雖然這些作者提供巫術顯然受人尊敬的歷史,他們的作品還沒有經受了時間的考驗。它們實際上是否定的主管歷史學家。今天巫術集團通常根據新聞寫作的自我宣布巫婆誰書為基礎的宗教概念的母親女神。 During the 1970s this movement was greatly reinforced by the writings of some religiously inclined feminists.在20世紀70年代這項運動,大大增強了作品的一些宗教傾向女權主義者。

Although groups like that of the infamous Manson family are obviously highly dangerous, the majority of witchcraft and ritual magic appear to be relatively innocuous.雖然團體一樣,臭名昭著的曼森家族顯然是非常危險的,大多數巫術和儀式魔術似乎是相對無害的。 In attempting to assess such groups it is extremely important to consider carefully their specific claims. Some self proclaimed "white magic" groups appear to be little more than ill informed people with vague religious sentiments. Others that practice ritual magic may be more articulate but are still essentially harmless.在試圖評估這些群體極為重要的是認真考慮他們的具體要求。 一些自我宣布“白魔術師”的群體似乎是多一點不了解情況的人模糊的宗教感情。其他做法儀式魔術可能會更明確,但仍然基本上是無害的。 There remains, however, a small number of social deviants who are psychologically disturbed and potentially socially harmful. It is important to realize, however, that the vast majority of people involved in the neopagan movement repudiate and strongly denounce such deviants. Although a rejection of traditional Christianity, the neopagan movement seems to be essentially no more harmful than many other religious groups which also stand outside the Christian tradition.然而,仍然有少量的社會離經叛道誰的心理不安,並可能對社會有害的。 重要的是要認識,然而,絕大多數人參與neopagan運動拒絕並強烈譴責這種離經叛道。雖然拒絕傳統的基督教,在neopagan運動似乎基本上沒有更多的有害比其他許多宗教團體還站在外面的基督教傳統。

I Hexham餘赫克瑟姆
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography: 參考書目:
JW Montgomery, Principalities and Powers: A New Look at the World of the Occult; MF Unger, Biblical Demonology; KE Koch, Christian Counseling and Occultism; W Cavendish, The Black Arts; WS Bainbridge, Satan's Power: A Deviant Psychotherapy Cult.金威蒙哥馬利,公和權力:一種新的看待世界的神秘;中頻昂格爾,聖經魔鬼;柯科克,基督教輔導和神秘; W卡文迪什,黑色藝術; WAS斑布里奇,撒但的權力:一種越軌心理邪教。


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