Jihad, Jehad聖戰組織傑哈德

Editor's Note: This presentation is about the true subject of Jihad. There is a relatively new organization which named itself "Islamic Jihad" which is very different.編者注:這是介紹真正的主題聖戰組織。是一個相對較新的組織,它本身名為“伊斯蘭聖戰組織” ,這是非常不同的。 That organization is a small militant extremist group that has a distorted understanding of jihad.該組織是一個小型極端組織武裝分子已被歪曲的理解聖戰。 They focus on a few words in the Koran that tell Muslims to hate and fight enemies of "the book", believing that that reference is about the Koran.他們側重於幾句話古蘭經告訴穆斯林的仇恨和打擊敵人的“書” ,認為這是參照有關可蘭經。 However, the context of that text in the Koran makes it clear that the Book referred to is the Torah, or Taurah, or Pentateuch, the first five Books of the Bible.然而,這方面的文字可蘭經明確指出,此書提到的是聖經,或Taurah ,或五,第一個五年書籍的聖經。 If that group truly understood the Koran, they would see that Muslims, Jews and Christians all fully believe in those Five Books, and are therefore not enemies at all.如果該組真正理解古蘭經,他們會看到,穆斯林,猶太人和基督徒都完全相信這些五本書,因此不能在所有的敵人。 However, they have been taught differently.然而,他們從小受到的教育不同。

General Information 一般信息

In Islam, the duty of each Muslim to spread his or her religious beliefs is termed jihad. Although the word is widely understood to mean a "holy war" against nonbelievers, jihad may also be fulfilled by a personal battle against evil inclinations, the righting of wrongs, and the supporting of what is good. 在伊斯蘭教的義務每個穆斯林傳播他或她的宗教信仰被稱為聖戰。雖然這個詞被廣泛理解為一個“神聖的戰爭” nonbelievers ,聖戰也可滿足個人對抗邪惡的傾向,在翻的錯誤,以及支持什麼是好的。

The BELIEVE Religious Information Source web site is not connected with the organization described in this presentation. This happens to be ONE of the 1,000 religious subjects which are included in BELIEVE.該相信宗教信息來源網站沒有連接與該組織中所描述此演示。這種情況將是1000宗教科目列入相信。

Our small Protestant Christian Church, which created and maintains the BELIEVE site, has no contact with the organization described here, so we cannot help in providing contacts or addresses. In addition, since BELIEVE does not "sell" anything, we cannot help in finding books, icons or souvenirs.我們的小基督教新教,創造和維護相信網站,沒有接觸該組織介紹,所以我們不能幫助提供接觸或地址。此外,由於相信沒有“賣”什麼,我們不能幫助尋找書籍,圖標或紀念品。

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息來源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects我們所列出的2300名宗教科目
E-mail電子郵件

Jihad聖戰

General Information 一般信息

Many polemical descriptions of Islam have focused critically on the Islamic concept of jihad.許多爭論說明伊斯蘭教的重點關鍵伊斯蘭聖戰的概念。 Jihad, considered the sixth pillar of Islam by some Muslims, has been understood to mean holy war in these descriptions.聖戰組織,審議了第六屆支柱的一些伊斯蘭教的穆斯林,一直理解為神聖的戰爭在這些說明。 However, the word in Arabic means "to struggle" or "to exhaust one's effort," in order to please God.然而,這個詞在阿拉伯語的意思是“鬥爭”或“用盡自己的努力, ”為了請神。 Within the faith of Islam, this effort can be individual or collective, and it can apply to leading a virtuous life; helping other Muslims through charity, education, or other means; preaching Islam; and fighting to defend Muslims.在信仰伊斯蘭教,這種努力可以個人或集體的,它可以適用於領先的良性生活;幫助其他穆斯林通過慈善,教育,或其他手段;宣揚伊斯蘭教;和戰鬥力保衛穆斯林。

Western media of the 20th century continue to focus on the militant interpretations of the concept of jihad, whereas most Muslims do not.西方媒體在20世紀繼續把重點放在軍事概念的解釋聖戰,而大多數穆斯林並不。


Jihad聖戰

General Information 一般信息

The Dictionary of Islam defines jihad as "a religious war with those who are unbelievers in the mission of Muhammad. It is an incumbent religious duty, established in the Qur'an and in the Traditions as a divine institution, enjoined specially for the purpose of advancing Islam and of repelling evil from Muslims." 詞典的伊斯蘭聖戰定義為“一場宗教戰爭與誰是不信教的使命穆罕默德。這是一種義不容辭的宗教責任,成立於古蘭經和傳統作為一個神聖的機構,責成專門為目的推進伊斯蘭教和擊退邪惡的穆斯林。 “


Note注意:

From the above, it seems clear that there are at least two rather different understandings of the term.從以上的,它似乎很清楚,至少有兩個相當不同的理解的任期。 It would seem that the majority of Muslims, who are peaceful, accept the personal and very peaceful interpretation, while militant Muslims seem to understand the violent interpretation. In recent decades, a relatively small number of very militant Muslim terrorist groups have used newspapers, radio, television, and other media to promote their view.看來,大多數穆斯林,誰是和平的,接受個人和非常和平的解釋,而激進的穆斯林似乎理解暴力的解釋。近幾十年來,一個相對小一些非常激進的穆斯林恐怖組織利用報紙,電台,電視和其他媒體,以促進他們的看法。 This seems to have affected growing numbers of Muslims into having more and more violent views toward non-Muslims, particularly Jews and Americans.這似乎已經影響到越來越多的穆斯林融入了越來越多的暴力的意見對非穆斯林,特別是猶太人和美國人。

It is probably true that the vast majority of Muslims do not (yet) agree with this terrorist usage of their religion, and are troubled as much as non-Muslims by the regular calls for "Islamic Jihad", a Holy War, against Westerners, particularly Americans.這可能是真正的,絕大多數穆斯林不(沒有)同意這種恐怖主義的使用他們的宗教,並感到不安多達非穆斯林經常呼籲“伊斯蘭聖戰組織”的聖戰,對西方人,特別是美國人。 Such call are made by (still) very small militant and terrorist groups, but they are very vocal and the news media have tended to publicize their activities.這種電話是由(仍然)非常小的武裝分子和恐怖組織,但他們暢所欲言,新聞媒體往往宣傳其活動。 As a result of this publicity, they have been able to gain many more followers for their terrorist activities, and also inspire more fear than such small groups could probably cause on their own.由於這種宣傳,他們已經能夠獲得更多的追隨者的恐怖活動,同時也激勵更多的恐懼比小團體等可能導致自己。

Again, out of the 1,000,000,000 Muslims in the world, only a few thousand are actively involved in the terrorist activities.同樣,出一十〇點零零億穆斯林在世界上,只有幾千人積極參與恐怖活動。 That means that the remaining 999,950,000 Muslims are peace-loving as their religion actually teaches them.這意味著,剩餘的99995.00萬穆斯林是愛好和平的宗教作為其實際教導他們。 In a similar way, the vast majority of Christians are Peace-loving, as Jesus Taught, but a very few aberrant people who call themselves Christians show up in TV news, and might give the impression that all Christians are violent, which is certainly not true.以類似的方式,絕大多數的基督徒是愛好和平的,如耶穌教,但極少數的人誰不正常的人稱自己是基督徒出現在電視新聞,並可能給人的印象是,所有基督徒的暴力,這當然不是正確的。 Quiet, peaceful people seldom make news.安靜,愛好和平的人民很少作的消息。 Vocal, violent people do.聲樂,暴力的人。 That's a characteristic of a "free press" which free societies choose to have.這是一個典型的“新聞自由”的自由社會的選擇。

Those terrorist groups are certainly extremely dangerous, and must be controlled or eliminated, but they shouldn't necessarily tarnish the overall reputation of either Islam or Christianity.這些恐怖團體當然是極其危險的,必須加以控制或消除,但他們不一定要玷污的整體聲譽,或者伊斯蘭教或基督教。


Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 古蘭經,古蘭經
Pillars of Faith 信仰支柱
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths 聖訓
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-從圖書的聖訓1布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-從圖書的聖訓2布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-從圖書的聖訓3布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-從圖書的聖訓1 0布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在Taqseer ) -聖訓從圖書2 0布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 西遊記(朝聖) -聖訓從圖書2 6布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 戰鬥的原因阿拉(傑哈德) -聖訓圖書5 2布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 統一性,唯一性安拉( TAWHEED ) -聖訓圖書9 3布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) Hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) Malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) Shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) Hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) Maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) Ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology Mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) Ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) Nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) Zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah Kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) Qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah Ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義艾買
Early Islamic History Outline 早期伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira Hegira
Averroes 阿威羅伊
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela Machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 克爾白,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派穆斯林,什葉派穆斯林
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥地那
Sahih, al-Bukhari Sahih ,布哈里
Sufism 蘇菲主義
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 艾布伯克爾
Abbasids Abbasids
Ayyubids Ayyubids
Umayyads 伍瑪亞德
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) Fatimids (什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀派(什葉派)
Mamelukes Mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks Seljuks
Aisha 阿伊莎
Ali 阿里
Lilith 莉莉絲
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


Send an e-mail question or comment to us: E-mail發送電子郵件的問題或意見給我們:電子郵箱

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at主要相信網頁(和索引科目),是在