Canonization座談會

General Information 一般信息

Canonization is the final step of the process by which a deceased person's name is inscribed in the catalog of Saints in the Roman Catholic church. Originally the process took place locally and the bishop proclaimed someone a saint. 座談會是最後一步的過程,死者的名字列入目錄中的聖人在羅馬天主教教堂。原來的進程發生了當地的主教宣布某人聖人。 Gradually it was reserved to the pope, and the process used since 1918 is described in detail in the Code of Canon Law.漸漸地它保留給教皇,該進程自1918年以來使用中有詳細的說明守則佳能法。

An exhaustive investigation is made of the person's life to determine extraordinary holiness.一份詳盡的調查是人的生命,以確定非常神聖。 The steps of investigation involve an initiation of the process by a competent person or group; the advancement of the investigation by the advocate of the cause, called the postulator; objections to the evidence by the promotor of the faith, popularly called the devil's advocate; the initial judgment of the validity of the process in terms of veracity and authenticity; the declaration and celebration of beatification, by which the person is called blessed; and celebration of canonization, by which the person is called saint.這些步驟的調查涉及啟動的過程由合格的個人或團體;提高調查的主張的原因,稱為postulator ;反對證據的啟動子的信仰,普遍稱為魔鬼的主張;最初的判決的效力過程中的準確性和真實性;的聲明和慶祝活動宣福,其中人是所謂的祝福;和慶祝封,其中的人被稱為聖。

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Besides the investigation into the life of the person, which documents their holiness, canon law demands a confirmation of holiness in the form of Miracles. It is believed that the miracles constitute an irrefutable proof of God's approval of the person's life.此外,調查生活的人,這些文件的聖潔,教會法的要求確認的神聖形式的奇蹟。相信奇蹟構成無可辯駁地證明上帝的批准,人的生命。

Joan A. Range瓊字母a.範圍

Bibliography: 參考書目:
Kemp, EW, Canonization and Authority in the Western Church (1948; repr. 1980).坎普,電子戰,座談會和管理局在西方教會( 1948年; repr 。 1980年) 。


Canonization座談會

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Canonization is a legal process in the Roman Catholic Church whereby a departed "servant of God," already beatified, is declared a saint.座談會是一個法律過程中,羅馬天主教會即離開“上帝的僕人” ,已經福,被宣布為聖人。 Such persons are entered into the "canon" or catalog of saints invoked at the celebration of Mass. Beyond the heroic virtue and miraculous power verified already at beatification, saints must perform at least two additional miracles.這些人進入“佳能”或目錄援引聖人在慶祝馬薩諸塞州之外的英勇美德和神奇的力量已經在核實宣福,聖人必須執行至少有兩個額外的奇蹟。

In the early church elevation to sainthood was essentially a local affair and not distinguished from beatification.在早期教會聖海拔基本上是一個地方的事,而不是區別於宣福。 In an effort to curb superstitious abuses Pope Alexander III (1159-81) ruled that the Roman See would henceforth approve all canonizations.為了遏制迷信行為教皇亞歷山大三世( 1159年至1181年)裁定,羅馬教廷今後將批准所有canonizations 。 This led eventually to the complicated legal processes worked out by Pope Urban VIII in the seventeenth century and given authoritative exposition in Pope Benedict XIV's Heroic Virtue in the nineteenth.這導致最終的複雜的法律制定過程教皇烏爾班八世在17世紀並給予權威的論述篤十四英雄美德在十九。

There are several noteworthy differences between beatification (the first step) and canonization.有幾個值得注意的差異宣福(第一步)和冊封。 Since Vatican Council I canonization is considered an infallible papal act, thus guaranteeing that these saints are indeed worthy of veneration and able to intercede for the faithful. The beatified receive only local recognition, while saints are venerated throughout the Catholic Church.自從梵蒂岡理事會餘封被認為是萬無一失的教皇的行為,從而保證這些聖人確實是值得尊敬和能夠調解的忠誠。的福只得到當地的承認,而聖人的崇敬整個天主教會。 The cult of the beatified is only permitted, while that of the saints is mandated.邪教的福只准許,而聖人的任務。 Saints alone become patrons of churches and are portrayed with the nimbus (gloriole).聖徒單獨成為顧客的教堂和描繪的雨雲( gloriole ) 。 However, both beatification and canonization are judgments (the latter infallible) by the church that the person now reigns in glory, is worthy of veneration and imitation, and is able to intercede for the faithful.然而,宣福和冊封的判決(後者萬無一失)的教堂的人現在普遍存在的榮耀,是值得尊敬和模仿,是能夠調解的忠誠。

J Van Engen J範根
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
NCE, III, 55-61; DTC, II, 493-97; EW Kemp, Canonization and Authority in the Western Church.競爭性考試,三, 55-61 ;存款,二, 493-97 ;東西坎普,座談會和管理局在西方教會。


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