Apocryphal New Testament未經新約全書

General Information 一般信息

The Apocryphal New Testament is an undefined group of early Christian writings similar in general form to the biblical books but not included in the canon of the Bible. Some, such as the gospels according to the Hebrews, Nazarenes, and Egyptians (lost, except for fragments), were at one time used in certain churches as Scripture. The Infancy Gospel of James has influenced Christian tradition and art.在未經新約聖經是一個不確定的早期基督教的著作中類似的一般形式,以聖經的書籍,但不包括在教會的聖經。 一些,如福音根據希伯來人, Nazarenes ,和埃及人(遺失,除片段) ,是在同一時間用在某些教會的聖經。福音的嬰幼兒詹姆斯影響了基督教傳統和藝術。

There are acts of apostles attributed to Peter, Paul, and James, and apocalypses, or books of revelations, such as that of Peter. Those attributed to Paul (3 Corinthians and Laodiceans) and other apostles are obvious forgeries.有使徒的行為歸咎於彼得,保羅,詹姆斯和啟示,或書揭露,如彼得。 歸因於這些保羅( 3科林蒂安斯和Laodiceans )和其他使徒是顯而易見的是偽造的。

Many of the Coptic works discovered in recent years were products of Gnosticism. 許多作品發現科普特近年來諾斯替主義的產品。 Few of these, except for the Coptic Gospel of Thomas, contain valuable traditions about Jesus' teaching, but the apocryphal works throw some light on the history of early Christianity, especially in its popular and heretical forms. 這些少數外,科普特多馬福音,含有寶貴的傳統有關耶穌的教學,但未經證實的作品扔輕一些歷史上的早期基督教,尤其是在其流行和異端邪說的形式。 The writings of the Apostolic Fathers do not properly belong to the Apocryphal New Testament.著作使徒父親不正確屬於未經新約。

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Bibliography: 參考書目:
Cameron, R., ed., The Other Gospels (1982); Jeremias, Joachim, Unknown Sayings of Jesus, 2d ed. (1974); Hennecke, Edgar, and Schneemelcher, Wilhelm, New Testament Apocrypha, vol.卡梅倫,河,編輯。 ,其他福音( 1982年) ; Jeremias ,約阿希姆,未知的熟語的耶穌, 2版。 ( 1974年) ;亨內克,埃德加,並Schneemelcher ,威廉,新約偽經,第二卷。 I (2d ed., 1968) and vol.一( 2版。 , 1968年)和第二卷。 II (1964).二( 1964年) 。 Haardt, Robert, Gnosis: Character and Testimony, trans. Haardt ,羅伯特,預後:字符和證詞,跨。 by JF Hendry (1971); Pagels, Elaine, The Gnostic Gospels (1981).由櫻亨德利( 1971年) ; Pagels ,伊蓮,在諾斯底福音( 1981年) 。


Apocryphal New Testament未經新約全書

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The Apocryphal New Testament is a substantial collection of works that were published under the names of apostolic writers during the second and subsequent centuries. For the most part they were deliberate fabrications and never had any serious claim to canonicity. Hence, in this connection the word "apocrypha" is used in its meaning of untrue or spurious.在未經新約聖經是一個收集大量作品,出版了根據名字使徒作家在第二次和以後的世紀。 在大多數情況下他們是蓄意捏造和從未有過任何嚴重的索賠正規。因此,在這方面的詞“偽經”是用其含義的不真實或虛假的。

Evidently the NT Apocrypha arose primarily for two reasons.很顯然,對新台幣偽經出現,主要有兩個原因。 First, some sought to satisfy the curiosity engendered by the failure of the canonical Gospels to describe Christ's early life or numerous aspects of his personage.首先,一些設法滿足好奇心所產生的失敗典型福音來描述基督的早期生命或許多方面的人物。 Others tried to supply details concerning the apostles omitted from the Acts.其他人試圖提供詳細的使徒遺漏的行為。 Second, those with heretical tendencies made an effort to gain an acceptance for their views by embedding them in works attributed to Christ and the apostles.其次,那些邪教傾向作出了努力,取得一個接受他們的意見嵌入他們的作品歸於基督和使徒。 Especially did the Gnostics seek to advance their cause in this way.尤其是沒有Gnostics尋求推動他們的事業以這種方式。

Writers of NT apocryphal works attempted to produce literary forms parallel to those of NT books.作家作品新台幣未經試圖產生的文學形式並行的新台幣書籍。 Hence their efforts may be classified as gospels, acts, epistles, and apocalypses.因此,他們的努力可能會被列為福音,行為,書信和啟示。

The popularity of the NT Apocrypha is evidenced by the number of these works still in existence in whole or in part and the wide distribution of their use.受歡迎新台幣偽經證明了其中一些工程仍然存在的全部或部分和廣泛分佈的使用。 To be sure, leaders in the church saw to it that the Apocrypha never received official sanction; but in more ignorant communities they were sometimes used without suspicion in the church service, and their contents continued to make a widespread impact on the popular piety.可以肯定的是,領導人在教堂看到它的偽經從來沒有得到正式批准,但在更多的社區,他們一無所知,有時因涉嫌使用在教堂服務,其內容繼續進行廣泛的影響,對流行的虔誠。 This fact is demonstrated by a study of the reliefs on sarcophagi of western Europe during the Middle Ages, as well as of the mosaics and stained glass windows of churches and cathedrals, the art of illuminated manuscripts, and themes of the mystery plays.這一事實證明了研究,對石棺浮雕西歐在中世紀,以及鑲嵌畫和彩色玻璃窗的教堂和教堂,藝術的照明手稿,和主題的神秘發揮。 All these drew some inspiration from the NT Apocrypha.所有這些吸引了大約靈感來自新台幣偽經。

Therefore, if one is to understand many aspects of medieval life, it is necessary to study the Apocrypha.因此,如果一個是了解許多方面的中世紀的生活,有必要研究偽經。 Moreover, one will gain important insights into the nature of Christianity during the postapostolic period.此外,將獲得一個重要的見解的性質,基督教在postapostolic時期。 Heretical tendencies and popular beliefs and superstitions are writ large in these works.邪教傾向和民間信仰和迷信是令狀在這些大型工程。 One can discern the slippage of the teachings of grace and a corresponding rise of legalism, a growing veneration of Mary, and an increase of sacramentalism.人們可以看出滑脫的教義的寬限期,並相應增加法制,越來越崇拜瑪麗,並增加了sacramentalism 。 Furthermore, a study of these apocryphal works will demonstrate the superiority of the NT books in both content and form and will heighten respect for the canon and the validity of the canonical process.此外,研究這些未經證實的作品將表現出的優越性新台幣的圖書內容和形式,將加劇尊重佳能和有效性的典型過程。

As noted above, NT apocryphal works parallel in form the NT books. Something is known about over fifty apocryphal gospels.如上所述,新台幣未經並行工程的形式新台幣書籍。一些了解50多個未經福音。 A few of these have been preserved in their entirety, others in fragments, and only the names are known of yet others.有幾個這些都被保存在他們的全部,其他的碎片,只有名字是眾所周知的還有一些。 In these generally the author concealed his own name and ascribed his work to an apostle or disciple. Those available in their entirety are the Protevangelium of James (brother of the Lord), Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, Gospel of the Nativity of Mary, History of Joseph the Carpenter, Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of the Infancy, Gospel of Nicodemus, Gospel of Philip, Gospel of the Egyptians.在這些一般的作者隱瞞自己的名字和他的工作屬於一個使徒或弟子。者提供的全部是Protevangelium詹姆斯(弟弟上帝) ,福音偽馬太,福音的耶穌瑪麗,歷史約瑟夫木匠,馬福音,福音的嬰幼兒,福音尼科迪默斯,菲利普福音,福音的埃及人。

Numerous Acts of the Apostles were also composed.許多使徒行傳還組成。 Among the better known is the collection called the Leucian Acts because they were collected by Leucius.在更好地了解是收集稱為Leucian行為,因為他們所收集的Leucius 。 Five in number, these fragmentary works include the Acts of Paul, John, Andrew, Peter, and Thomas.五國的數量,這些零碎的工程包括行為的保羅,約翰,安德魯,彼得,和托馬斯。

Apocryphal epistles are not so numerous because it was harder to fabricate them to have any appearance of authenticity.未經書信沒有這麼多,因為它是難以偽造他們有任何外觀的真實性。 Among the better known are the Epistle of the Apostles, which dealt with heretical tendencies; the Epistle to the Laodiceans (cf. Col. 4:16), excerpts from Paul's letters (especially Philippians); Third Corinthians; and the Correspondence of Paul and Seneca.在更好地了解是書信的使徒,其中涉及邪教傾向;的書信向Laodiceans (參見上校4時16分) ,摘錄保羅的信件(尤其是腓利) ;第三科林蒂安斯和函授的保羅和塞涅卡。

Apocalypses were modeled somewhat on the book of Revelation.啟示是有點模仿書上的啟示。 The most famous are the Apocalypse of Peter (second century) and the Apocalypse of Paul (fourth century).最有名的是彼得的啟示(二世紀)和保羅的啟示( 4世紀) 。 Among other things, both have visions of heaven and hell with scenes of blessedness and lurid descriptions of punishment.除其他事項外,都具有遠見的天堂與地獄的場面blessedness和聳人聽聞的描述的懲罰。

One of the most significant finds of NT apocryphal works occured in 1946 at Nag Hammadi, about thirty miles north of Luxor in Egypt.一個最重要的發現新台幣未經工程在1946年發生在拿哈瑪地,三十公里的盧克索在埃及。 This included thirty-seven complete and five fragmentary works, generally with a Gnostic bias.這包括37完整和五個殘缺不全的作品,通常與諾斯底偏見。 All in Coptic, they were translated from Greek originals.所有的科普特人,他們從希臘翻譯原件。

HF Vos高頻沃斯

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
EJ Goodspeed, Strange New Gospels; A. Helmbold, The Nag Hammadi Gnostic Texts and the Bible; MR James, The Apocryphal NT; RM Wilson, ed., NT Apocrypha, 2 vols.; JM Robinson, The Nag Hammadi Library.伯克利分校古德斯皮德,奇怪的新福音的A. Helmbold ,該拿哈瑪地諾斯底文本和聖經;議員詹姆斯,在未經新台幣;產品威爾遜版。新界偽經,第2卷。 ; JM羅賓遜,該拿哈瑪地的圖書館。


Apocryphal New Testament未經新約全書

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Another extensive Advanced Information article for this subject is contained in the Apocrypha presentation.另一個廣泛的先進的信息文章,這一主題是載於偽經介紹。


Also, see:此外,見:
Protevangelium of James Protevangelium詹姆斯
Apocalypse of Peter 彼得的啟示
Gospel of Thomas 多馬福音
Shepherd of Hermas 牧人書

and
Apocrypha (Old Testament) 偽經(舊約)
Pseudepigrapha Pseudepigrapha


This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


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