Menno Simons門諾西門子

General Information 一般信息

A moderate Anabaptist leader in the Low Countries, Menno Simons, bc 1496, d.溫和再洗禮派領導人在低地國家,門諾西門子,公元前1496年, d. Jan. 31, 1561, restored the reputation of the movement after the suppression (1535) of the theocratic Kingdom of Munster, set up by militant Anabaptists. 1561年1月31日,恢復名譽的運動後的鎮壓( 1535 )神的王國的穆斯特,成立了激進Anabaptists 。 Formerly a Roman Catholic priest, Menno joined (1536) the Anabaptist movement when the Obbenite faction (a peaceful group of Dutch Anabaptists led by Obbe Philips) prevailed upon him to become their minister. Menno believed that the apostolic church pattern called for the organization of individual congregations of regenerated believers moved by the Holy Spirit to lead lives of peace and service.以前的羅馬天主教神父,門諾加入( 1536 )的再洗禮派運動時Obbenite派(一個和平團體的荷蘭Anabaptists由Obbe飛利浦)說服他成為他們的部長。門諾認為,使徒教會的模式要求組織個別教會的再生信徒感動聖靈導致生命的和平與服務。 His basic beliefs were summarized in his highly influential Book of Fundamentals (1539).他的基本信念,總結在他的很有影響力的圖書的基礎( 1539 ) 。 The Mennonites take their name from Menno.門諾派自己的名字從門諾。

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Bibliography 目錄
HS Bender and J Horsch, Menno Simons' Life and Writings (1936); WE Keeney, The Development of Dutch Anabaptist Thought and Practice, 1539 - 1564 (1968).高速班德和J Horsch ,門諾西門子的生命和創作( 1936年) ;我們Keeney ,發展荷蘭再洗禮派思想與實踐, 1539年至1564年( 1968年) 。


Menno Simons門諾西門子

General Information 一般信息

Menno Simons (1496-1561) was a Dutch religious reformer, from whom the religious body called Mennonites takes its name.門諾西門子( 1496年至1561年)是荷蘭宗教的改革者,從他們的宗教機構,稱為門諾派考慮其名稱。

Born at Witmarsum in Friesland, Menno was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1524.為Witmarsum出生在弗里斯蘭省,門諾被任命一名羅馬天主教神父在1524年。 Doubts about transubstantiation, infant baptism, and other church dogmas led him to a close study of the New Testament and writings of Martin Luther.懷疑transubstantiation ,嬰兒的洗禮,和其他教會的教條使他密切研究新約聖經及文字,馬丁路德。 He gradually came to agree with Luther's position that the Bible should be the Christian's highest authority, and he left the Roman Catholic church.他逐漸同意路德的立場,認為聖經應是基督教的最高權威,他離開了羅馬天主教教堂。 Although he opposed the revolutionary Anabaptists who led an unsuccessful uprising at Münster in 1535, his efforts to help them put him in danger of arrest, and he went into hiding for a year.雖然他反對革命Anabaptists誰領導的起義失敗在明斯特在1535年,他的努力來幫助他們把他逮捕的危險,他躲藏起來了一年。 In 1537 he became an Anabaptist preacher at Groningen, where he was married.在1537年,他成為一個再洗禮派傳教士在荷蘭格羅寧根,他在那裡結婚。 In the following years he was active as a missionary, carrying the new faith to other parts of Friesland, to Zuid-Holland (South Holland), and Germany. He died on January 31, 1561, near Ordesloe, Holstein.在隨後的幾年,他積極作為一個傳教士,進行新的信仰其他地區的弗里斯蘭省,以省,荷蘭(南非荷蘭) ,和德國。他死於1561年1月31號,靠近Ordesloe ,荷斯坦奶牛。

Menno adhered fundamentally to orthodox beliefs but rejected those that were not mentioned in the New Testament. He believed in the divinity of Christ and baptized only those who asserted their faith in Christ. 門諾從根本上堅持了正統的信仰,但拒絕那些沒有提到的新約。他相信神的基督和洗禮只有那些誰主張自己的信仰基督。 In his view, military service and killing were unlawful, as were the taking of oaths, the holding of the office of magistrate, and marriage to persons outside the church. He also taught that prayer should be performed in silence. His writings were collected as The Complete Writings of Menno Simons (1681; trans. 1956).在他看來,兵役和殺戮是非法的,因為是採取宣誓,舉行了辦公室的裁判官,婚姻以外的人的教堂。他還告訴我們,祈禱應履行的沉默。他的作品被收集完整著作門諾西門子( 1681 ;轉運。 1956年) 。


Menno Simons門諾西門子

Advanced Information 先進的信息

(ca. 1496-1561) (約公元1496年至1561年)

Menno Simons is best known as the founder of a loosely related group of Reformation believers known today as Mennonites.門諾西門子是著名的創始人,一個鬆散的有關改革的信徒知道今天門諾派。 In the days of Menno family names were not yet established in the Netherlands; the name Simons is simply a patronymic: "son of Simon."在天門諾姓氏尚未成立於荷蘭;西門子的名字只是一個父: “西蒙的兒子。 ” We know little more of his life than he himself writes in his book directed to the Reformer Jelle Smit, who wrote under the name Gellius Faber.我們知道多一點他的生活比他自己寫在他的書中向重整Jelle斯密特,誰寫的名字格利烏斯費。 That brief autobiography was written to demonstrate that Menno had no connection with the Munsterites, the militant wing of the Melchiorites.這簡短的自傳寫證明,門諾沒有與Munsterites ,激進派的Melchiorites 。

Menno was born in the Fsisian village of Witmarsum and trained for the Roman priesthood.門諾出生在Fsisian村Witmarsum和訓練有素的羅馬晉鐸。 He was consecrated in 1524 at the age of twenty-eight.他是在1524年神聖歲時, 28 。 His first parish service was from 1524 to 1531 at the neighboring village of Pingjum, and from 1531 to 1536 in his home town of Witmarsum.他的第一堂服務是1524年至1531年在鄰近的村Pingjum ,以及1531年至1536年在他家鄉Witmarsum 。

In the first year of his priesthood Menno came to doubt the doctrine of transubstantiation, and after much distress he fearfully took up the Scriptures for the first time in his life.在第一年的神父門諾來懷疑的理論transubstantiation ,以及遇險後,他更害怕了聖經首次在他的生命。 As a result of reading the NT, he gave up the doctrine of the miraculous change of the bread and wine into the body and blood of the Lord.由於讀新台幣,他放棄了原則,奇蹟般的變化,麵包和酒進入人體和血液的上帝。 In 1531 Menno heard of the execution of Sicke Snijder at Leeuwarden, capital of Friesland, for being rebaptized.在聽取了1531門諾的執行Sicke Snijder在呂戈登,資本的弗里斯蘭省,為正在rebaptized 。 This terrified him also, and led to much soul searching.這也嚇壞了他,並導致許多反省。 In the end he came to believe that baptism should follow conversion.最後,他認為應遵循的洗禮轉換。 Finally, Menno's brother joined a nonpeace group of Anabaptists and perished in a struggle with the authorities in 1535. This tragedy broke Menno's heart, and he made a total surrender of himself to Christ.最後,門諾的兄弟加入了nonpeace組Anabaptists和死亡的鬥爭中與有關當局在1535年。這一悲劇發生門諾的心臟,他提出了總交出自己的基督。 For about nine months he remained in the Catholic Church, preaching his new understanding of the gospel.大約9個月,他留在天主教會,宣揚他的新的認識福音。

On January 31, 1536, Menno renounced his Roman Catholicism and went into hiding.在1536年1月31日,門諾放棄他的羅馬天主教,並躲藏起來。 He accepted baptism, probably from the leader of the Peace Wing of the Frisian Anabaptists, Obbe Philips, who also ordained Menno as an elder (bishop) in the province of Groningen in 1537.他接受洗禮,可能是從領導人的和平屬下的弗里斯蘭Anabaptists , Obbe飛利浦,誰也祝門諾作為一個老(主教)在荷蘭格羅寧根省在1537年。 Menno served in the Netherlands (1536-43), in northwest Germany, mainly in the Rhineland (1543-46), and in Danish Holstein (1546-61).門諾擔任荷蘭( 1536年至1543年) ,在德國西北部,主要是在萊茵蘭( 1543年至1546年) ,並在丹麥荷爾斯泰因州( 1546年至1561年) 。 The first major collection of his writings appeared in 1646.第一項主要收集他的作品出現在1646年。

Menno was a good shepherd and leader, and escaped martyrdom only by moving about.門諾是一個很好的牧羊人和領導者,並逃脫的烈士只有走動。 He was an evangelical who held to the major doctrines of the Christian faith.他是一個福音派誰舉行的重大理論信仰基督教。 He differed from Luther and Calvin by defending the baptism of believers only, by teaching the doctrine of peace and nonresistance, and by rejecting the oath.他不同於路德和卡爾文捍衛洗禮的信徒只有通過理論教學的和平與不抵抗,並拒絕宣誓。 He assumed the separation of church and state.他承擔了政教分離的狀態。 He held to the Melchiorite doctrine of the incarnation, which taught that Christ brought to earth his own "heavenly flesh," receiving nothing from Mary, not even his humanity. And since no man was the earthly father of Jesus, God must have created a body for him.他的Melchiorite理論的化身,它告訴我們,基督帶到地球自己的“天國的肉體, ”沒有收到來自瑪麗,甚至沒有他的人性。既然沒有人是人間的父親耶穌,上帝必須創造了一個他身體。 Our Lord was therefore in Mary prior to his birth, yet he was not of Mary.我們的主,因此在瑪麗之前,他出生,但他不是瑪麗。

JC Wenger巴埃納溫格
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
JC Wenger, ed., The Complete Writings of Menno Simons; K. Vos, Menno Simons; C. Krahn, Menno Simons.巴埃納溫格版。 ,完整的著作門諾西門子;光沃斯,門諾西門子;角克拉恩,門諾西門子。


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Mennonite_Church Mennonite_Church

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