Latitudinarianism

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This critical label became attached to a group of Anglican divines in the late seventeenth century whose thought displayed a high regard for the authority of reason and a tolerant, antidogmatic temper ("gentlemen of a wide swallow").這關鍵的標籤成為重視的一組聖公會divines在17世紀後期,其思想表現出高度重視權威的理智和寬容, antidogmatic脾氣( “君子廣泛的燕子” ) 。 In many ways products of the Cambridge Platonists (to whom the term was originally applied), they nevertheless lacked their mystical and imaginative depth.在許多方面產品的劍橋Platonists (人的任期原本適用) ,但它們缺乏其神秘和富有想像力的深度。 Moreover, though mostly Cambridge men, they became prominent churchmen.此外,儘管大多數劍橋的男子,他們成為著名的牧師。 They included John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury; Edward Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester; Simon Patrick, Bishop of Chichester and Ely; Gilbert Burnet, Reformation historian and Bishop of Salisbury; and Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury.它們包括約翰蒂洛森,坎特伯雷大主教;愛德華斯蒂林弗利特,伍斯特主教;西蒙帕特里克,奇切斯特主教和伊利;吉爾伯特伯內特,改革歷史學家和索爾茲伯里主教;和托馬斯Tenison公司,坎特伯雷大主教。 They reacted against the Calvinism of the Puritans and were broadly Arminian in outlook.他們的反應對加爾文主義的清教徒,並都得到了廣泛的Arminian前景。 They aligned themselves with progressive and liberal movements in the contemporary intellectual world.他們贊同進步和自由運動在當代世界的知識。

Hostile to scholasticism and Aristotelianism, they drew inspiration more from Descartes's new "mechanical" philosophy.敵視院和亞里士多德,他們的靈感來自笛卡爾更多新的“機械”的理念。 Respect for "the theatre of nature" led them to support scientific developments such as the Royal Society.尊重“戰區的性質”使他們支持科學的發展,如英國皇家學會。 Thomas Sprat, Bishop of Rochester, was its historian, and Joseph Glanvill was a fellow of the Society as well as rector of Bath and the author of The Vanity of Dogmatizing and The Agreement of Reason and Religion.托馬斯斯普拉特,羅切斯特主教,是它的歷史學家,和約瑟夫格蘭維爾是一個研究員協會以及校長浴和作者浮華的Dogmatizing和該協定的原因和宗教。 The new mathematics of Isaac Barrow and Isaac Newton they hailed as signs of a new age of light.新的數學和巴羅艾薩克牛頓,他們被譽為跡象表明一個新時代的光。

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Their comprehensiveness allowed only a narrow core of fundamentals in religion.它們的全面性只允許一個狹窄的核心,在宗教的基礎。 They resisted the Laudian or High Church insistence on conformity in nonessentials such as church order and liturgy. Stillingfleet's Irenicum advocated "comprehension" between Anglicans and Presbyterians; Burnet tried to incorporate Nonconformists into the Church of England.他們抵制Laudian或高級教會堅持符合的支流如教堂秩序和禮儀。斯蒂林弗利特的Irenicum主張“理解”的聖公會和長老;伯內特試圖把Nonconformists到英格蘭教會。 They approved "that vertuous mediocrity which our Church observes between the meretricious gaudiness of the Church of Rome, and the squalid sluttery of Fanatick conventicles" (Patrick). Above all they held that "true philosophy can never hurt sound divinity," which in practice normally meant harmonizing Scripture and the fathers with the light of reason.他們批准“的vertuous平庸,我們會注意到之間的俗氣華美的羅馬教會,和骯髒的sluttery的Fanatick conventicles ” (帕特里克) 。最重要的是,他們認為, “真正的哲學永遠不能傷害健全的神” ,這在實踐中通常意味著統一聖經和父親的光的原因。 Theologically vague and spiritually insubstantial, their religion was strongly moralistic. Their emphasis on reasonableness looked forward to the skepticism of Hume and the reductionist theology of the next century.神學含糊和精神實質,他們的宗教強烈說教。他們的重點放在合理期待著懷疑休謨和還原神學下一世紀。 They were also the precursors of the Broad Churchmen of the nineteenth century, eg, the contributors to Essays and Reviews (1860), and of the modernists and radicals of more recent Anglican divinity.他們還對前體的廣泛教會在十九世紀,例如貢獻者雜文和評論( 1860 ) ,和現代主義和極端分子最近的聖公會神。

DF Wright東風賴特

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
GR Cragg, The Church and the Age of Reason and From Puritanism to the Age of Reason; B. Willey, The Seventeenth Century Background; MH Nicolson, "Christ's College and the Latitude Men," MP 27:35-53.受體克拉格,教會和時代的原因和從清教的理性時代;灣威利, 17世紀的背景;充電器尼科爾森, “基督學院和緯度男人, ”議員27:35-53 。


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