Knights of Columbus哥倫布騎士

General Information 一般信息

The Knights of Columbus (K of C ), a US fraternal order of Roman Catholic men, was founded in 1882 by Michael J McGivney, a Connecticut priest.騎士哥倫布(金的C ) ,美國為了兄弟般羅馬天主教的男子,成立於1882年由邁克J McGivney ,一個康涅狄格州的牧師。 The K of C provides social activities, insurance, and other benefits for its members, sponsors athletic events, contributes to various charitable and educational projects, and works to promote Catholic interests.在K的C提供社會活動,保險和其他福利為其成員,贊助體育活動,有助於各種慈善和教育項目,並努力促進天主教的利益。 With headquarters in New Haven, Conn., it has a total membership (1990) of about 1.47 million organized in more than 9,000 local councils, most of them in the United States, but also in Canada, the Philippines, Mexico, and other countries.總部設在紐黑文,康涅狄格州,它的成員總數( 1990 )約147.0萬舉辦了超過9000地方議會,其中大多數是在美國,而且在加拿大,菲律賓,墨西哥和其他國家。 The K of C magazine, Columbia, is published monthly.鉀的C雜誌,哥倫比亞,是每月公佈。

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Knights of Columbus哥倫布騎士

Catholic Information 天主教新聞

A fraternal and beneficent society of Catholic men, founded in New Haven, Connecticut, 2 February, 1882, and incorporated under the laws of Connecticut, 29 March, 1882.一個兄弟和有益社會的天主教男子,成立於紐黑文,康涅狄格州, 1882年2月2日,並納入法律規定的康涅狄格州, 1882年3月29日。

The organizers and incorporators were the Reverend MJ McGivney, the Reverend PP Lawlor, James T. Mullen, Cornelius T. Driscoll, Dr. MC O'Connor, Daniel Colwell, William M. Geary, John T. Kerrigan, Bartholomew Healey, and Michael Curran.組織者和incorporators是麻將McGivney牧師,牧師聚丙烯Lawlor ,詹姆斯噸馬倫,科尼利厄斯噸德里斯科爾,三菱商事奧康納博士,丹尼爾科爾韋爾,威廉M蓋瑞,約翰噸根,繆希利,邁克爾柯倫。 The purpose of the society is to develop a practical Catholicity among its members, to promote Catholic education and charity, and, through its insurance department, to furnish at least temporary financial aid to the families of deceased members.的目的是社會發展的實際天主教其成員之間,以促進天主教教育和慈善事業,並通過其保險部門,提供至少暫時的財政援助,死者家屬成員。

On 15 May, 1882, the organizers, as a Supreme Committee, instituted the first subordinate council, San Salvador, No. 1, New Haven. 5月15日, 1882年,組織者,作為一個最高委員會,設立了第一個下屬委員會,聖薩爾瓦多,第1號,紐黑文。 From this time on, subordinate councils were organized in the different cities and towns throughout the State of Connecticut, but it was not until 15 April, 1885, when a subordinate council was established at Westerly, Rhode Island, that the order was extended beyond the borders of the parent state.從這個時間,服從組織理事會在不同的城市和城鎮在整個國家的康涅狄格州,但直到1885年4月15號,當一個下屬委員會,設立了西風,羅德島,該命令是延長到邊界的母公司狀態。 The Supreme Committee then enacted a law providing that a Supreme Council should be established, composed of the Supreme Committee and delegates from the subordinate councils, each council being entitled to one delegate for each fifty members.最高委員會隨後頒布了一項法律規定,最高理事會應當建立,組成的最高委員會和代表的下屬委員會,每個委員會有權一名代表每個第五十二成員。 The number of delegates under this arrangement proving too large, the Supreme Council, on 14 May, 1886, resolved itself into a Board of Government, composed of the Board of Directors, formerly the Supreme Committee, and the Grand Knight and a Past Grand Knight of each subordinate council of the society.在一些代表根據這一安排證明過於龐大,最高理事會,在1886年5月14日,決心成為一個政府委員會的組成,董事,原最高委員會,和大騎士和過去大騎士每個下屬委員會的社會。

Owing to the rapid growth of the society, the Board of Government, in 1892, provided for the organization of State Councils, composed of two delegates from each subordinate council in the state.由於快速增長的社會,政府委員會,於1892年規定,該組織的國家議會組成,其中兩名代表各下屬委員會中的狀態。 On 29 April, 1893, the Board of Government was succeeded by the National Council, composed of the State Deputy and last Past State Deputy of each State Council, and by one delegate from every thousand members of the insurance class. 4月29日, 1893年,委員會的政府正在成功地由國家,由國家副主席和國家歷史上副每個國務院,由一名代表每千成員的保險類別。 In October, 1893, associate members were first admitted to the order.去年10月, 1893年,準成員首次承認秩序。 The establishment of the associate class was intended for those advanced in years, or unable to pass a physical examination, but has gradually been extended to comprehend all eligible men not desiring the insurance feature.建立了準一流的目的是為那些先進的幾年,或無法通過身體檢查,但已逐漸擴展到所有符合條件的理解男人不希望保險功能。 On 22 February, 1900, the first instance of the fourth degree took place in New York City, when more than twelve hundred candidates from all parts of the United States received this degree. 2月22日, 1900年,一審第四度發生在紐約市,當超過1200名候選人的所有部分美國收到此學位。

The order is now established in every state and territory of the United States, in every province of Canada, in Newfoundland, the Philippine Islands, Mexico, Cuba, Panama.這項命令現在是建立在每一個州和地區的美國,在每一個省在加拿大紐芬蘭島,菲律賓群島,墨西哥,古巴,巴拿馬。 Councils are to be established in Puerto Rico and in South America.安理會將要建立在波多黎各和南美洲。 The membership, divided into two classes, insurance and associate, included, on 1 March, 1910, 74,909 insurance members, and 160,703 associate members, a total of 235,612.的成員,分成兩個班,保險和準,其中包括, 3月1日, 1910年, 74909保險成員和準成員160703 ,共有235612 。 Insurance policies are issued for $1000, $2000, and $3000, to desirable risks between the ages of 18 and 60.保險政策發放1000美元, 2000美元和3000美元,以適當的風險之間的年齡在18和60 。 The rate of each member increases every five years until the age of 60 is attained, after which he pays a level premium based upon his age at initiation.率增加每個成員每5年,直到60歲達到後,他支付的溢價水平根據他的年齡開始。 The society has paid to the beneficiaries of deceased members $4,438,728.74.社會已經支付給死者的受益者成員4438728.74美元。

The Knights of Columbus have done notable work in promoting Catholic education and charity, providing education and homes for Catholic orphans, endowing scholarships in Catholic colleges, providing lectures on Catholic doctrine, endowing hospital beds, providing sanitoria for its sick members, maintaining employment bureaux, and, in general, performing the work of the apostolate of the laity.騎士哥倫布這樣做顯著的工作在促進天主教教育和慈善事業,提供教育和住房天主教孤兒,賦予獎學金天主教大學,提供講解天主教教義,賦予醫院病床,提供sanitoria其生病的成員,保持就業局,和一般,表演的工作,牧靈的俗人。 In 1904 the order presented to the Catholic University at Washington $50,000 for a chair of American History, besides several thousand dollars for library purposes, and is at present engaged in raising $500,000 to endow 50 scholarships in the University.在1904年的命令提交給天主教大學在華盛頓五點○○○萬美元的一張椅子上的美國歷史上,除了幾千美元用於圖書館的目的,和目前正在致力於提高$ 500000賦予50個獎學金的大學。

The work of lectures to non-Catholics on questions of Catholic teaching and belief has always appealed to the spirit of the order, and of late years has been taken up with no little success.工作的講座,非天主教徒的問題,天主教教學和信仰一直呼籲的精神秩序,近幾年已採取了不小的成功。 Splendid results have attended the lectures so far delivered.輝煌的成果參加了講座迄今交付。 They have led to a better understanding of the Catholic faith on the part of non-Catholics, and a more friendly attitude towards it; they have shown that bigotry is on the wane, and that the non-Catholic mind is open to conviction.他們已導致更好地了解天主教信仰的一部分,非天主教徒,更友好的態度,他們已經表明,偏見是衰落,以及非天主教心靈是開放的信念。 The series of lectures delivered by the Right Reverend Bishop JJ Keane of Cheyenne, Wyoming, in Denver, in 1909, inaugurated the work.該系列講座由牧師權主教傑傑基恩的夏安,懷俄明,在丹佛,在1909年,成立了工作。 At Cedar Rapids, Iowa, eighty-five per cent of the audience, at the lecture under the auspices of the Knights of Columbus, was non-Catholic.在錫特拉皮茲,愛荷華州, 85百分之的觀眾,在講座的主持下,騎士的哥倫布,是非天主教。 The work has been taken up successfully in Buffalo, Milwaukee, Houston, Los Angeles.這項工作已經開始成功地在布法羅,密爾沃基,休斯頓,洛杉磯。 It is a movement which does not aim at attacking any man's belief, but at building up charity among men "and", in the words of Bishop Keane, "bringing us all closer to God Almighty".這是一個運動的目的不是在攻擊任何人的信仰,但在建設的男子慈善機構“和”的話來說,主教基恩, “使我們大家都更接近真主。 ” In several cities the Knights have established Catholic libraries, and in many others have catalogued the Catholic books in the public libraries.在一些城市設立了騎士天主教圖書館,並在其他許多頻道的天主教書籍的公共圖書館。

The erection of a memorial to Christopher Columbus, in the City of Washington, by the United States Government, is due in a measure to the work of the Knights of Columbus.豎立紀念哥倫布,在華盛頓市,美國政府,是因為衡量工作的哥倫布騎士。 "Columbus Day" (12 October), which is observed at present in fifteen states of the Union (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island), was instituted largely through the efforts of the Knights, who are now striving to make it a national holiday. “哥倫布日” ( 10月12日) ,這是目前發現的15國聯盟(加利福尼亞州,科羅拉多州,康涅狄格州,伊利諾伊州,肯塔基,馬里蘭,馬薩諸塞,密歇根州,密蘇里,蒙大拿,新澤西,紐約,俄亥俄,賓夕法尼亞和羅德島州) ,是建立在很大程度上是通過努力的騎士,誰現在正努力使其成為一個國定假日。

Publication information Written by Edward Hearn.出版信息撰稿愛德華赫恩。 Transcribed by Dennis McCarthy.轉錄由丹尼斯麥卡錫。 In Memory of the Deceased Members of K. of C. Atlanta Council No. 660 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII.在紀念死者成員的C.光亞特蘭大安理會第660天主教百科全書,音量八。 Published 1910. 1910年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特阿普爾頓公司。 Nihil Obstat, October 1, 1910. Nihil Obstat ,十月一日,一九一零年。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor. Imprimatur.雷米Lafort ,性病,檢查員。認可。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰法利樞機主教,大主教紐約


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