Gabriel加布里埃爾

General Information 一般信息

The angel Gabriel, an important figure in the Bible, appears first in the Book of Daniel (chapters 8 and 9) as a messenger and revealer.天使加布里埃爾,一個重要人物在聖經中,第一次出現在但以理書(第一章第8和第9 ) ,作為信使和revealer 。 In the New Testament he announces the births of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ (Luke 1), and in the Book of Enoch, part of the pseudepigrapha, he is one of the seven archangels who stand close to God.在新約宣布,他出生施洗約翰和耶穌(路1 ) ,並在以諾書,部分pseudepigrapha ,他是七天使誰的立場接近上帝。 Later Christian tradition made him the trumpeter of the Last Judgment.後來基督教傳統,他的吹鼓手的最後判決。 A popular figure in art, Gabriel is often pictured appearing to Mary or with trumpet raised.一種常見的數字藝術,往往是加布里埃爾照片出現瑪麗或小號提出的問題。 In Islam he is Jibril, the principal of many tales, who revealed the Koran to Muhammad.在伊斯蘭教他是賈布里勒,主要的許多故事,誰發現可蘭經,以穆罕默德。

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Gabriel加布里埃爾

General Information 一般信息

Gabriel is an angel of high eminence in Jewish, Christian, and Muslim tradition. He is one of the four most often noted archangels in Judaism and Christianity, the others being Michael, Raphael, and Uriel. Gabriel is the heavenly messenger who appears in order to reveal God's will.加布里埃爾是一個天使的隆起在猶太教,基督教和穆斯林的傳統。 他是四個最經常指出天使在猶太教和基督教,其餘正在邁克爾,拉斐爾,並烏利爾。加布里埃爾是上天的使者誰出現在以揭示天意。 In the Old Testament, Gabriel interprets the prophet's vision of the ram and the he-goat (see Daniel 8:15-26) and explains the prediction of the 70 weeks of years (or 490 years) for the duration of the exile from Jerusalem (see Daniel 9:21-27).在舊約,加布里埃爾解釋先知的遠見,公羊和他山羊(見丹尼爾8:15-26 ) ,並說明預測的70週來(或四百九十零年)的期限從耶路撒冷逃亡(見丹尼爾9:21-27 ) 。 In the New Testament, he announces to Zacharias the birth of Zacharias's son (see Luke 1:11-20), who is destined to become known as John the Baptist, and to Mary that she is to be the mother of Jesus Christ (see Luke 1:26-31).在新約,他宣布將撒迦利亞的誕生,撒迦利亞的兒子(見路加1:11-20 ) ,誰注定要成為被稱為施洗約翰,並瑪麗說,她是母親耶穌基督(見盧克1:26-31 ) 。 Among Muslims, Gabriel is believed to be the spirit who revealed the sacred writings to the Prophet Muhammad.其中穆斯林,加布里埃爾被認為是誰的精神揭示了神聖的著作的先知穆罕默德。

Gabriel is the prince of fire and the spirit who presides over thunder and the ripening of fruits.加布里埃爾是王子,消防和精神誰主持打雷和成熟的果實。 He is an accomplished linguist, having taught Joseph the 70 languages spoken at Babel.他是一位很有造詣的語言學家,教授約瑟夫有70種語言在通天塔。 In art he is generally represented carrying either a lily, Mary's flower, at the annunciation, or the trumpet he will blow to announce the second coming.在藝術,他通常是代表履行或者百合,瑪麗的花,在榜文,或小號的打擊,他將宣布第二次來了。


Ga'briel

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Gabriel, champion of God, used as a proper name to designate the angel who was sent to Daniel (8:16) to explain the vision of the ram and the he-goat, and to communicate the prediction of the seventy weeks (Dan. 9:21-27). He announced also the birth of John the Baptist (Luke 1:11), and of the Messiah (26).加布里埃爾,冠軍的上帝,作為一個適當的名稱,指定誰的天使被送往丹尼爾( 8點16 )來解釋的遠見,公羊和他山羊,並將預報第七十一週( Dan. 9:21-27 ) 。他還宣布誕生的施洗約翰(路加1時11分) ,以及彌賽亞( 26歲) 。 He describes himself in the words, "I am Gabriel, who stand in the presence of God" (1:19).他形容自己的話來說, “我加布里埃爾,誰站在上帝的存在” ( 1時十九分) 。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓畫報詞典)


St. Gabriel the Archangel聖加布里埃爾的天使

Catholic Information 天主教新聞

"Fortitudo Dei", one of the three archangels mentioned in the Bible. Only four appearances of Gabriel are recorded: In Daniel 8, he explains the vision of the horned ram as portending the destruction of the Persian Empire by the Macedonian Alexander the Great, after whose death the kingdom will be divided up among his generals, from one of whom will spring Antiochus Epiphanes. In chapter 9, after Daniel had prayed for Israel, we read that "the man Gabriel . . . . flying swiftly touched me" and he communicated to him the mysterious prophecy of the "seventy weeks" of years which should elapse before the coming of Christ. “ Fortitudo上帝” ,三個天使中所提到的聖經。只有4個出場的加布里埃爾記錄:在丹尼爾8日,他解釋的遠見,角公羊作為預示摧毀波斯帝國的馬其頓亞歷山大大帝,去世後,沙特將分為了他的將軍,從其中一人將春季安提阿哥伊皮法尼斯。在第9章後,丹尼爾已經為以色列禱告,我們讀到, “該名男子加布里埃爾。 。 。 。飛行迅速觸動我”和他傳達給他的神秘預言的“七十○個星期”來這之前,應經過未來的基督。 In chapter 10, it is not clear whether the angel is Gabriel or not, but at any rate we may apply to him the marvellous description in verses 5 and 6.在第10章,目前尚不清楚是否是天使加布里埃爾或沒有,但無論如何,我們可能適用於他的神奇的詩句描寫的第5和第6 。 In the New Testament he foretells to Zachary the birth of the Precursor, and to Mary that of the Saviour.在新約,他以451預示誕生的前兆,並瑪麗的救世主。

Thus he is throughout the angel of the Incarnation and of Consolation, and so in Christian tradition Gabriel is ever the angel of mercy while Michael is rather the angel of judgment.因此,他是整個天使的化身和安慰,因此,在基督教傳統加布里埃爾是以往的天使憐憫,而邁克爾是天使,而判斷。 At the same time, even in the Bible, Gabriel is, in accordance with his name, the angel of the Power of God, and it is worth while noting the frequency with which such words as "great", "might", "power", and "strength" occur in the passages referred to above.與此同時,即使是在聖經,加布里埃爾是,根據他的名字,天使的上帝的權力,這是值得指出的頻率這樣的話是“偉大” , “可能” , “權力“和”實力“發生在通道上面提到的。 The Jews indeed seem to have dwelt particularly upon this feature in Gabriel's character, and he is regarded by them as the angel of judgment, while Michael is called the angel of mercy. Thus they attribute to Gabriel the destruction of Sodom and of the host of Sennacherib, though they also regard him as the angel who buried Moses, and as the man deputed to mark the figure Tau on the foreheads of the he elect (Ezekiel 4).猶太人確實似乎已經談到尤其是在這一功能的加布里埃爾的性格,他認為是他們的天使的判斷,而邁克爾被稱為天使的仁慈。因此,他們屬性加布里埃爾的破壞所多瑪和東道國的森納赫里布,儘管他們也把他當作天使誰埋葬摩西,並作為男子總監標誌的數字頭的額頭,他的當選(基爾4 ) 。 In later Jewish literature the names of angels were considered to have a peculiar efficacy, and the British Museum possesses some magic bowls inscribed with Hebrew, Aramaic, and Syriac incantations in which the names of Michael, Raphael, and Gabriel occur.在稍後的猶太文學的名字的天使,被認為有特殊療效,而且大英博物館擁有一些神奇的碗刻有希伯來語,亞拉姆語和敘利亞在這咒語的名字邁克爾,拉斐爾和加布里埃爾發生。 These bowls were found at Hillah, the site of Babylon, and constitute an interesting relic of the Jewish captivity.這些碗被發現在希拉,該網站的巴比倫,並構成一個有趣的遺跡囚禁的猶太人。 In apocryphal Christian literature the same names occur, cf.在未經基督教文獻相同的名稱出現,比照。 Enoch, ix, and the Apocalypse of the Blessed Virgin.伊諾克,九和啟示聖母。

As remarked above, Gabriel is mentioned only twice in the New Testament, but it is not unreasonable to suppose with Christian tradition that it is he who appeared to St. Joseph and to the shepherds, and also that it was he who "strengthened" Our Lord in the garden (cf. the Hymn for Lauds on 24 March). Gabriel is generally termed only an archangel, but the expression used by St. Raphael, "I am the angel Raphael, one of the seven, who stand before the Lord" (Tobit 12:15) and St. Gabriel's own words, "I am Gabriel, who stand before God" (Luke 1:19), have led some to think that these angels must belong to the highest rank; but this is generally explained as referring to their rank as the highest of God's messengers, and not as placing them among the Seraphim and Cherubim (cf. St. Thomas, I, Q. cxii, a.3; III, Q. xxx, a.2, ad 4um).正如上述所說,加布里埃爾是只有兩次提到在新約,但它並不是沒有道理的猜想與基督教傳統,這是誰,他似乎聖約瑟夫和牧羊人,並認為這是他誰“加強”我們的上帝在花園裡(參看歌的讚揚3月24日) 。加布里埃爾一般稱為只有一個天使,但表達所使用的聖拉斐爾說: “我的天使拉斐爾,一個七,誰站在上帝面前“ (托比書12:15 )和聖加布里埃爾自己的話, ”我加布里埃爾,誰站在上帝面前“ (路加1點19 ) ,已導致一些人認為,這些天使必須屬於最高級別,但是這是一般解釋是指他們的軍銜最高的上帝的使者,而不是把他們之間的塞拉芬和革魯賓(參見聖托馬斯,我問: cxii , A.3的;三,問: xxx域名, 37.2 ,廣告4um ) 。

Publication information Written by Hugh T. Pope.出版信息撰稿休噸教皇。 Transcribed by Sean Hyland. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VI.轉錄的肖恩海侖。天主教百科全書,第六卷。 Published 1909. 1909年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特阿普爾頓公司。 Nihil Obstat, September 1, 1909. Nihil Obstat , 09年九月一日。 Remy Lafort, Censor.雷米Lafort ,檢查員。 Imprimatur.認可。 +John M. +約翰M Farley, Archbishop of New York法利,大主教紐約

Bibliography目錄

In addition to the literature under ANGEL and in the biblical dictionaries, see PUSEY, The Prophet Daniel (London, 1868); EDERSHEIM, Jesus the Messiah (London and New York, 1890), Append.此外,根據文獻和天使在聖經辭典,見蒲賽,先知丹尼爾(倫敦, 1868年) ;愛德生,耶穌的彌賽亞(倫敦和紐約, 1890年) ,附加。 XIII; H. CROSBY, Michael and Gabriel in Homiletic Review (1890), XIX, 160-162; BARDENHEWER, Mariä-Verkündigung in Bibl.第十三閣下;比,邁克爾和加布里埃爾在Homiletic回顧( 1890年) , 19 , 160-162 ; BARDENHEWER ,瑪麗亞Verkündigung在Bibl 。 Studien, X, 496 sqq. Studien ,第十, 496 sqq 。


Also, if you are studying Christian subjects, see the main subject listing, and:此外,如果你在學習基督教科目,看到的主要議題清單,並且:
Angel, Archangel 天使,天使
Book of Daniel 但以理書
Gospel According to Luke 路加福音
Mary 瑪麗
John the Baptist 施洗約翰


Also, if you are studying Islamic subjects, see:此外,如果你在學習伊斯蘭科目,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 古蘭經,古蘭經
Pillars of Faith 信仰支柱
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths 聖訓
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-從圖書的聖訓1布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-從圖書的聖訓2布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-從圖書的聖訓3布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-從圖書的聖訓1 0布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在Taqseer ) -聖訓從圖書2 0布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 西遊記(朝聖) -聖訓從圖書2 6布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 戰鬥的原因阿拉(傑哈德) -聖訓圖書5 2布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 統一性,唯一性安拉( TAWHEED ) -聖訓圖書9 3布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) Hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) Malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) Shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) Hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) Maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) Ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology Mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) Ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) Nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) Zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah Kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) Qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah Ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義艾買
Early Islamic History Outline 早期伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira Hegira
Averroes 阿威羅伊
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela Machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 克爾白,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派穆斯林,什葉派穆斯林
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥地那
Sahih, al-Bukhari Sahih ,布哈里
Sufism 蘇菲主義
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 艾布伯克爾
Abbasids Abbasids
Ayyubids Ayyubids
Umayyads 伍瑪亞德
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) Fatimids (什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀派(什葉派)
Mamelukes Mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks Seljuks
Aisha 阿伊莎
Ali 阿里
Lilith 莉莉絲
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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