Church of England, Anglican Church英格蘭教會,聖公會

General Information 一般信息

The Church of England is the established church in England. It is divided into two provinces, York and Canterbury, with 43 dioceses and approximately 27 million members.英格蘭教會是建立在英國教堂。它分為兩個省,紐約和坎特伯雷, 43教區和大約27萬成員。 The monarch is technically at the head of the ecclesiastical structure, and the archbishops of Canterbury and York are next in line.國王在技術上是首長的教會結構,坎特伯雷大主教和紐約的下一個。

The beginnings of the Church of England date at least to the 2d century, when merchants and other travelers first brought Christianity to Britain.開始的英格蘭教會的日期至少在2世紀,當時的商人和其他旅客帶來了基督教第一次到英國。 It is customary to regard St.這是習慣方面街 Augustine of Canterbury's mission in 597 as marking the formal beginning of the church under papal authority, as it was to be throughout the Middle Ages.奧古斯丁的坎特伯雷的使命在597標誌著正式開始下的教堂教皇權威,因為它是整個中世紀。 In its modern form, the church dates from the English Reformation of the 16th century, when royal supremacy was established and the authority of the papacy repudiated.在其現代形式,教會的日期從英文改革的16世紀,當皇家至高無上成立權威的教皇否定。 With the advent of British colonization, the Church of England established churches on every continent and achieved international importance.隨著英國殖民統治,英國聖公會教堂建立在每一個大陸,並取得國際上的重要性。 In time, these churches gained independence, but retained connections with the mother church in the Anglican Communion.隨著時間的推移,這些教會取得了獨立,但保留連接的母親在教堂英國聖公會。

The Church of England is identified by adherence to the threefold ministry of bishops, priests, and deacons and by a common order of worship found in the Book of Common Prayer.英格蘭教會是確定的堅持三個省的主教,神父,和執事,並為了一個共同的禮拜中發現公禱書。 The church is also characterized by a common attitude of loyalty to Christian tradition, while seeking to accommodate a wide range of people and views.教堂的另一個特點是共同的態度,忠誠於基督教傳統,同時力求以適應廣泛的人民和意見。 It holds in tension the authorities of tradition, reason, and the Bible, but asserts the primacy of the Bible.它擁有在緊張當局的傳統,因此,和聖經,但聲稱至高無上的聖經。 It thus seeks to comprehend Catholic, humanist, and reformed elements, historically represented by Anglo-Catholics (high church), Liberals (broad church), and Evangelicals (low church).因此,它要求理解天主教,人文和改革內容,在歷史上所代表的盎格魯天主教徒(高教堂) ,自由黨(廣泛教堂)和福音派(小教堂) 。

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The established status of the Church of England means that all episcopal appointments are made by the crown, and all revisions of the liturgy must be approved by Parliament. In modern times, however, Parliament has been composed of non-Anglicans as well as Anglicans, and this places the church in an awkward position.既定地位的英格蘭教會意味著所有主教的任命是由冠,所有修訂禮儀必須由議會批准。但在近代,議會已組成的非聖公會以及聖公會,這個地方教會處境尷尬。 This has resulted in efforts, such as those represented by the Oxford Movement, to maintain the church's integrity by separating it from the state.這導致了努力,如為代表的牛津運動,以維持教會的完整脫離的狀況。 On the other hand, it has also spurred efforts to comprehend other Christians in the national church.另一方面,它也促使努力理解其他基督徒在國家教堂。 The Church of England has been active in the Ecumenical Movement.英格蘭教會一直活躍在全基督教運動。

John E Booty約翰E戰利品

Bibliography 目錄
Moorman, JRH, A History of the Church in England, 3d rev.摩爾曼, JRH ,史教會在英格蘭,三維恢復。 ed.版。 (1973); Welsby, Paul, The History of The Church of England 1945-80 (1984). ( 1973年) ; Welsby ,保羅,歷史的英國聖公會1945年至1980年( 1984年) 。


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