Eastern Rite Churches東方教會禮儀

Uniate Churches烏克蘭東方禮基督教協進會

General Information 一般信息

Eastern Rite churches are communities of eastern Christians in union with the Roman Catholic church.東方麗社區教堂東部基督徒在與工會的羅馬天主教教堂。 Also known as Uniate churches, they retain their own distinctive spiritual, liturgical, and canonical traditions.也被稱為烏克蘭東方禮教堂,他們保留自己的獨特的精神,禮儀,以及典型的傳統。 In addition to differences from the Roman (Western) rite in liturgy, many of the Eastern Rite churches permit a married clergy.除了差異羅馬(西方)在儀式禮儀,許多東歐教堂儀式允許神職人員結婚。

Between 10 and 11 million Catholics are members of these churches.至10日和1100萬天主教徒成員的這些教堂。 Like the Orthodox Church, they are divided into families; the five major families are the Alexandrian, Antiochene, Armenian, Chaldean, and Byzantine.像東正教教堂,他們被分成家庭;五個主要的家庭是亞歷山大, Antiochene ,亞美尼亞語,迦勒,和拜占庭。 They often originated among Orthodox and other eastern Christian communities under the political influence of a Roman Catholic sovereign.他們往往源於東正教之間的東部地區和其他基督教社區的政治影響力的羅馬天主教的主權。 The largest Eastern Rite church - the Ukrainian Catholic church - was formed when Ukrainian subjects of the king of Poland were united with Rome in 1596.東歐最大的教堂儀式-烏克蘭天主教教堂-成立時,烏克蘭主體的國王波蘭團結羅馬第1 5 96號。 Another large group - the Maronites of Lebanon - established ties with the papacy when their country was occupied by Western Crusaders in the 12th century.另一家大型集團-馬龍派的黎巴嫩-建立了聯繫,與在位時,他們的國家被佔領的西方十字軍於1 2世紀。 The Romanian Eastern Rite church was created under Habsburg rule in 1700.羅馬尼亞東部禮教堂下創建的哈布斯堡王朝統治的1700年。

The Ukrainian Catholic church, with an estimated 4 to 5 million members, is concentrated in the western Ukraine, especially in the areas of Lvov and Ivano - Frankovsk, which were under Austrian and Polish jurisdiction until World War II.烏克蘭天主教,估計有400萬至500萬成員,主要集中在烏克蘭西部,尤其是在利沃夫和伊万諾-F rankovsk,這是根據奧地利和波蘭的管轄之下,直至第二次世界大戰。 After the war, when the region became part of the USSR, the church was outlawed and driven underground by the Soviet government.戰爭結束後,當該地區成為蘇聯,教會被取締,並推動地下的蘇聯政府。 It was allowed to resume open activity in the freer atmosphere of the late 1980s.這是獲准恢復公開活動的自由氣氛, 20世紀80年代末。

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Each of the Eastern Rite churches is headed by its own Patriarch, who has jurisdiction over the bishops, clergy, and people of that rite.每個東歐禮教堂是由它自己的主教,誰擁有管轄權的主教,神職人員,和人民的儀式。 All of the patriarchs are members of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, which governs the relations of the Vatican with the Eastern Rites.所有的始祖成員的聖座東方教會,其中執政的關係,梵蒂岡與東禮記。

Bibliography 目錄
D Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East (1961); B Proko, Ukrainian Catholics in America (1982). D Attwater ,基督教東( 1961年) ;乙Proko ,烏克蘭的天主教徒在美國( 1982年) 。


Eastern Rite Churches東方教會禮儀

Uniate Churches烏克蘭東方禮基督教協進會

General Information 一般信息

The Eastern Rite Churches are Eastern Christian churches consisting of five rites derived from ancient traditions of Christian churches in the East.東方麗教會東基督教教會組成的五個儀式源於古老的傳統的基督教教堂在東。 They are now in communion with the Western church under the papacy. Distinct from both the Orthodox churches and the so-called Independent churches of the East, neither of which recognize papal primacy, the Eastern Rite churches are also sometimes known as Eastern Catholic, or Uniate, churches. Today more than 10 million Eastern Catholics are in the various rites.他們現在在與西方教會的教皇。 鮮明從東正教教堂和所謂的獨立教會的地區,這既不承認教皇至高無上,東禮教堂有時也被稱為東方天主教會,或烏克蘭東方禮,教堂。今天,超過1000萬天主教徒東歐的各種儀式。

The five rites are the Byzantine, Alexandrian, Antiochene, Chaldean, and Armenian.這五個儀式拜占庭,亞歷山大, Antiochene ,迦勒,和亞美尼亞。 Within these rites are further subdivisions according to national or ethnic origins.在這些儀式正在進一步細分根據民族或種族起源。 The largest single group of Eastern Catholics is the Ukrainian church (Byzantine rite); it has about 7 million members, with approximately 70 percent in Ukraine.最大的單一集團東天主教徒是烏克蘭教堂(拜占庭禮儀) ;它擁有大約700萬成員,大約有百分之七十在烏克蘭。 In the United States there are about 250,000 Ukrainian Catholics.在美國大約有25.0萬烏克蘭的天主教徒。

A rite signifies more than a liturgy; it denotes distinctive traditions across a broad front.阿儀式標誌著一個多禮拜儀式,它是指獨特的傳統在廣泛的領域。 Noteworthy among these for Eastern Catholics, in contrast with those of the Roman rite, is a married clergy. Distinctive sacramental practices are also found, such as the immediate admission of baptized infants to confirmation and the Eucharist.其中值得注意的東天主教徒,與那些羅馬的儀式,是一個已婚的神職人員。 特色聖禮做法還發現,如立即接納受洗嬰兒的確認與聖體。 Rather than Latin, the liturgical languages of the Eastern Rite churches are either those spoken by the original missionary founders or the present-day vernacular. The Second Vatican Council, in its Decree on the Catholic Eastern Churches, confirmed the pledge to preserve the Eastern rites intact. Such a reassurance was welcome because of the repeated criticism by these churches that their traditions were gradually being eroded by their communion with Rome. 而非拉丁文,語言的禮儀東區麗教堂或者講那些原始的傳教士創辦或當今的白話。梵蒂岡第二次大公會議,在其法令天主教東基督教協進會,證實了承諾維護東歐儀式完好無損。這種保證是值得歡迎的,因為一再的批評,這些教會,他們的傳統正在逐步削弱了他們與羅馬的共融。

The effecting of this communion was a long process.在實行這一共融是一個漫長的過程。 After the Great Schism of 1054 between Eastern and Western Christians, some groups, such as the Maronites and Armenians, were united to Rome in the following century.在大分裂的第1054之間東歐和西歐基督徒,某些群體,如馬龍和亞美尼亞人,團結起來到羅馬在下列世紀。 The real history of the development of the Eastern rite churches, however, began in the 16th century.真正的發展史上的東方禮儀教會,然而,開始於16世紀。 In 1596, by the Brest-Litovsk Union, two Ukrainian Orthodox bishops acknowledged the primacy of the pope.在1596年,由布列斯特, Litovsk聯盟,兩個烏克蘭東正教會主教承認的首要教宗。 Other groups followed, such as the Chaldeans (1681) and other churches of the Byzantine rite (the Ruthenians in 1592, the Romanians in 1698, and the Melkites in 1724).隨後其他團體,如迦勒底( 1681 )和其他教堂的拜占庭儀式(在羅塞尼亞在1592年,羅馬尼亞人在1698年和Melkites在1724年) 。 The last were the Malankarese (Antiochene rite) of India in 1930.最後是Malankarese ( Antiochene成年禮)印度於1930年。 As these various groups of Eastern Catholics grew, Rome established ecclesiastical hierarchies for them.由於這些不同群體的東歐天主教徒增長,羅馬教會的等級確定為他們。

The Eastern churches have their own canon law and are not bound by the Code of Canon Law of the Western church.東方教會有自己的教會法,而不是受典佳能法西方教堂。 Each church is governed by a patriarch (the patriarchs of Alexandria, Babylon, and Cilicia, and three patriarchs of Antioch).每個教堂是由家長(的始祖亞歷山大,巴比倫,和西里西亞,三個始祖安提阿的) 。 A patriarch with his synod has the highest authority within his jurisdiction and is even able to appoint bishops and create dioceses.阿主教主教與他的最高權力機構在其管轄範圍內,甚至能夠任命主教,並建立教區。 Nonetheless, the Sacred Congregation for the Oriental Churches, whose membership includes the Eastern Rite patriarchs, has general competence over the Eastern rites.然而,聖東方基督教協進會,其成員包括東祭始祖,具有普遍管轄權東部儀式。

John W. O'Malley約翰W奧馬利


Also, see:此外,見:
Eastern Rite Churches 東方教會禮儀
Roman Catholic Church 羅馬天主教會
Eastern Orthodox Church 東正教

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