Aryan雅利安

General Information 一般信息

Aryan is a term formerly used to denote both a linguistic and an assumed racial category related to the language family now known as Indo-European.雅利安人是一個中期以前用來表示一個語言和種族的假設有關類的語言家庭現在被稱為印歐語。 Early scholars, struck by similarities among ancient Indian languages such as Sanskrit and ancient European languages such as Latin and Greek, hypothesized the existence not only of a proto-Indo-European language but also of a proto-Indo-European racial group, the Aryans.早期的學者,深刻的相似性古印度語言,如古代梵文和歐洲語言,如拉丁美洲和希臘,假設的存在不僅具有原始印歐語,但也有原始印歐語種族群體的雅利安人。 This group, it was argued, had spread into South Asia and Europe from a Central Asian homeland in a series of migrations during the 2d millennium BC. Thus it was argued that, in contrast to the darker-skinned Dravidians of southern India, the northern Indians were, racially speaking, Aryans, sharing a common descent with the peoples of Western Europe.這一組,有人主張,已蔓延到南亞和歐洲從中亞家園的一系列移民二維在公元前3000年。因此有人認為,與此相反的黑暗面皮膚Dravidians的印度南部,北部印第安人種族來說,雅利安人,分享共同的血統與人民的西歐。

Today, such arguments about racial origins are usually seen as little more than speculation.今天,這種爭論種族起源通常被視為多猜測。 The term Aryan is now used to designate the Indo-Iranian languages, or more narrowly, the Indo-Aryan (Indic) branch of that family.雅利安人的任期現在是用於指定印度伊朗語言,或更窄,印度雅利安人(印度)分支家庭。 It was among the Aryan-speaking peoples of northern India during the 2d and 1st millennia BC that the religion of Hinduism and the institutions of Caste first developed.這是雅利安人之間講人民在印度北部的2D和公元前1千年的宗教,印度教和種姓機構的首次開發。

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Bibliography 目錄
Basham, AL, The Wonder That Was India, 3d ed. (1967); Childe, VG, The Aryans (1926; repr. 1988); Deshpande, MM, and Hook, PE, eds., Aryan and Non-Aryan in India (1979); Mallory, JP, In Search of the Indo-Europeans (1991); Zysk, KG, et al., Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture, and Religion (1992).巴沙姆,鋁,奇蹟是印度,三維版。 ( 1967年) ;爾德,卷組,在雅利安人( 1926年; repr 。 1988年) ;德什潘德,毫米,鉤,體育,合編。 ,雅利安人與非雅利安人在印度( 1979年) ;裡,太平紳士,尋找印度支那的歐洲人( 1991年) ; Zysk , KG公司等。 ,透視印歐語語言,文化和宗教( 1992年) 。


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