A Puritan Catechism清教徒問答

General Information 一般資料

Compiled by CH Spurgeon 由甲烷司布真


I am persuaded that the use of a good Catechism in all our families will be a great safeguard against the increasing errors of the times, and therefore I have compiled this little manual from the Westminster Assembly's and Baptist Catechisms, for the use of my own church and congregation.我勸說,使用一個良好的講授,在我們所有的家庭將是一個很大的保障,以免增加錯誤的時代,因此,我已彙編成此小手冊,從西敏寺議會和浸會catechisms ,為利用我國自己的教會與眾。 Those who use it in their families or classes must labour to explain the sense; but the words should be carefully learned by heart, for they will be understood better as years pass.那些用在他們的家庭或班級,必須勞動,解釋和常識,但換句話說,應仔細了解,由心,因為他們會被更好地理解,因為多年來通過。 May the Lord bless my dear friends and their families evermore, is the prayer of their loving Pastor.願主保佑我親愛的朋友們和他們的家人永中,是禱告自己的愛好牧師。

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CH Spurgeon甲烷司布真
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.研究如同耶穌基督的順服聖父,一名工人說, needeth不感到羞愧,正確劃分詞的真相。 2 Timothy 2:15提摩太後2點15分


Published about Oct 14, 1855, when Spurgeon was 21 years old.關於公佈1855年10月14日,當司布真21歲。 On Oct. 14, Spurgeon preached Sermon No. 46 to several thousand who gathered to hear him at New Park Street Chapel. 10月14日,司布真鼓吹講道第46號至幾千人聚集在聽到他在新公園街禮拜堂。 When the sermon was published it contained an announcement of this catechism.當講道出版它包含了公佈的這個理講授。 The text that morning was, "Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations."案文表示,今天上午是, "主啊,祢以來,我們住的地方,在所有世代的" 。 Psalm 90:1.詩篇90:1 。


Question 1 What is the chief end of man? 問題1什麼是行政月底男子?
Answer 1 Man's chief end is to glorify God, (1Cor. 10:31) and to enjoy him for ever. 答案1名男子的行政結束,是去讚美上帝, (哥林多前書10時31分) ,並享受他永遠的。 (Psalms 73:25,26) (詩篇73:25,26 )

Question 2 What rule has God given to direct us how we may glorify him? 問題2什麼規則有上帝給予直接我們如何將榮耀歸於他?
Answer 2 The Word of God which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments (Ephesians 2:20; 2Timothy 3:16) is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify God and enjoy him. 回答2上帝的話,這是包含在聖經的舊約及新約(以弗所書2時20分; 2timothy 3:16 ) ,是唯一的規則,直接我們如何將榮耀歸於上帝,並享受他。 (1John 1:3) ( 1john 1:3 )

Question 3 What do the Scriptures principally teach? 問題3做些什麼事情經文主要是教導?
Answer 3 The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man. 答案3經文主要是教導什麼人,是相信關於上帝,什麼稅,需要上帝的人。 (2Timothy 1:13; Eccles. 12:13) ( 2timothy 1:13 ;埃克勒斯( Eccles 。 12時13分)

Question 4 What is God? 問題4什麼是上帝嗎?
Answer 4 God is Spirit, (John 4:24) infinite, (Job 11:7) eternal, (Psalms 90:2; 1Timothy 1:17) and unchangeable (James 1:17) in his being, (Exodus 3:14) wisdom, power, (Psalms 147:5) holiness, (Revelation 4:8) justice, goodness and truth. 答案四神是精神, (約翰4時24分)無限, (就業11時07分)永恆的, (詩篇90:2 ; 1timothy 1時17分)和不可變的(詹姆斯1時17分)在他的正, (出埃及記3時14分)的智慧,力量, (詩篇147:5 )成聖, (啟示4時08分)正義,善良和真理。 (Exodus 34:6,7) (出埃及記34:6,7 )

Question 5 Are there more Gods than one? 第5項問題 ,是否有更多的神明超過一?
Answer 5 There is but one only, (Deuteronomy 6:4) the living and true God. 答案五是有的,但只有一, (申命記六四)生活與真實的上帝。 (Jeremiah 10:10) (耶利米10:10 )

Question 6 How many persons are there in the Godhead? 6問有多少人,是否有在神的源頭?
Answer 6 There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and glory. 答案六 ,有3人在神的源頭,父親,兒子,和聖靈,這三者是一個神,同時在本質上都是平等的權力和榮耀。 (1John 5:7; Matthew 28:19) ( 1john 5時07分;馬修28:19 )

Question 7 問題7
What are the decrees of God?什麼是法令的上帝嗎?
Answer 7 答案七
The decrees of God are his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his own will, whereby for his own glory he has foreordained whatever comes to pass.該法令的上帝,是他的永恆的宗旨,根據律師的,他自己的意志,讓他自己的榮耀,他已foreordained一切成為過去。 (Ephesians 1:11,12) (弗1:11,12 )

Question 8 問題8
How does God execute his decrees?怎麼沒有上帝執行他的命令?
Answer 8 答案八
God executes his decrees in the works of creation, (Revelation 4:11) and providence.上帝執行他的命令,在作品的創作, (啟示4時11分)和Providence 。 (Daniel 4:35) (丹尼爾4:35 )

Question 9 問題9
What is the work of creation?什麼是工作,創作呢?
Answer 9 答案九
The work of creation is God's making all things (Genesis 1:1) of nothing, by the Word of his power, (Hebrews 11:3) in six normal consecutive days, (Exodus 20:11) and all very good.工作創新是上帝的決策一切事物(創1:1 )從無到有,由字的他的權力, (希伯來書11時03分) ,在正常的6天, (出埃及記20時11分) ,全部是非常好的。 (Genesis 1:31) (成因1時31分)

Question 10 問題10
How did God create man?怎麼上帝創造的男子?
Answer 10 回答10個
God created man, male and female, after his own image, (Genesis 1:27) in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness (Colossians 3:10; Ephesians 4:24) with dominion over the creatures.上帝創造了人,男性和女性後,他自己的形象, (創1:27 )在知識,義,禮,並成聖他們(下午3點10分;以弗所4點24分)與統治的海洋生物。 (Genesis 1:28) (成因1時28分)

Question 11 第11個問題
What are God's works of providence?什麼是上帝的作品,普羅維登斯?
Answer 11 回答11個
God's works of providence are his most holy, (Psalms 145:17) wise, (Isaiah 28:29) and powerful, (Hebrews 1:3) preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions.上帝的作品,普羅維登斯,是他最神聖的, (詩篇145:17 )明智的, (以賽亞書28:29 )和強大的, (希伯來書1:3 )保存並管他的所有生物,以及所有他們的行動。 (Psalms 103:19; Matthew 10:29) (詩篇103:19 ;馬修10:29 )

Question 12 12問
What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the state wherein he was created?有什麼特殊的行為普羅維登斯並行使上帝對人,在國家,那是他創造的呢?
Answer 12 回答12個
When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; (Galatians 3:12) forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death.當上帝創造了人,他進入了一個盟約的生活與他的情況後,完美的服從; (加拉太3時12分)禁止他吃的,樹的知識,善和惡的,一經痛的死因。 (Genesis 2:17) (創2:17 )

Question 13 問題13
Did our first parents continue in the state wherein they were created?我們的第一次家長繼續在國家,那是他們創造的呢?
Answer 13 答案13
Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the state wherein they were created, by sinning against God, (Ecclesiastes 7:29) by eating the forbidden fruit.我們首先父母留給自由自己的意志,從國家,那是他們創造的,由犯過失對上帝(傳道書7時29分)吃了禁果。 (Genesis 3:6-8) (創3:6-8 )

Question 14 問題14
What is sin?是什麼孽?
Answer 14 答案14
Sin is any want of conformity to, or transgression of the law of God.單是任何想要的整合,或海侵的上帝的法規。 (1John 3:4) ( 1john 3時04分)

Question 15 第15個問題
Did all mankind fall in Adam's first transgression?沒有全人類秋天在亞當的第一個海侵?
Answer 15 答案15
The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him in his first transgression.該公約所取得的亞當,而不是只為自己,但他的後代,為全人類降,從他由普通的一代,罪在他身上,倒與他在他的首侵。 (1Corinthians 15:22; Romans 5:12) (歌林多前書15:22 ;入鄉隨俗5時12分)

Question 16 第16個問題
Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?到什麼遺產沒有屬於人類帶來?
Answer 16 答案16
The fall brought mankind into a state of sin and misery.秋季使人類進入一個國家的罪惡和痛苦。 (Romans 5:18) (羅馬書5時18分)

Question 17 第17個問題
Wherein consists the sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell?其中,構成了罪孽該國whereinto男子下跌?
Answer 17 答案17
The sinfulness of that state whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, (Romans 5:19) the want of original righteousness, (Romans 3:10) and the corruption of his whole nature, which is commonly called original sin, (Ephesians 2:1; Psalms 51:5) together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.罪惡時說,國家whereinto男子下跌,存在於一個有罪的亞當的第一單, (羅馬書5時19分)想要的原義,禮(羅馬書下午3點10分)和腐敗的他的整個的性質,這就是所謂的原罪(以弗所書2:1 ;詩篇51:5 ) ,連同所有實際的越軌行為,這從它。 (Matthew 15:19) (馬太15時19分)

Question 18 第18個問題
What is the misery of that state whereinto man fell?什麼是苦難深重的國家whereinto男子下跌?
Answer 18 答案18
All mankind, by their fall, lost communion with God, (Genesis 3:8,24) are under his wrath and curse, (Ephesians 2:3; Galatians 3:10) and so made liable to all the miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell for ever.所有人類,對他們秋天,失去了與上帝, (創3:8,24 ) ,是根據他的憤怒和詛咒, (以弗所書2:3 ;加拉太下午3點10分) ,所以取得的,可所有的苦難,在此生活,死刑本身,並能不厭其煩的地獄裡。 (Romans 6:23; Matthew 25:41) (羅馬書6時23分;馬修25:41 )

Question 19 第19個問題
Did God leave all mankind to perish in the state of sin and misery?沒有上帝離開全人類的滅亡,在國家的罪惡和苦難?
Answer 19 答案19
God having, out of his good pleasure from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, (2Thessalonians 2:13) did enter into a covenant of grace to deliver them out of the state of sin and misery, and to bring them into a state of salvation by a Redeemer.上帝過,但出於自己的好高興地從所有永恆,選出一些,以永恆的生命, ( 2thessalonians 2時13分) ,沒有進入盟約的寬限期,以拯救他們脫離該國的罪惡和苦難,並把他們變成一個國家救恩的一個救贖。 (Romans 5:21) (羅馬書5時21分)

Question 20 第20個問題
Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?誰是救贖主上帝的選?
Answer 20 答案20
The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, (1Timothy 2:5) who being the eternal Son of God, became man, (John 1:14) and so was and continues to be God and man, in two distinct natures and one person for ever.唯一的救贖主上帝的選出是主耶穌基督, ( 1timothy 2時05分)誰是永恆的上帝的兒子,成為人, (約翰福音1:14 ) ,所以是並將繼續是人與上帝,在兩個截然不同的性質一個人永遠持久的。 (1Timothy 3:16; Colossians 2:9) ( 1timothy 3:16 ;歌羅西書2時09分)

Question 21 第21個問題
How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?怎麼基督,是神的兒子,成為男子?
Answer 21 答案21
Christ, the son of God, became man by taking to himself a true body, (Hebrews 2:14) and a reasonable soul, (Matthew 26:38; Hebrews 4:15) being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary, and born of her, (Luke 1:31,35) yet without sin.基督,是上帝的兒子,成為人所採取自己是一個真正的身體, (希伯來2時14分) ,以及合理的靈魂, (馬太26:38 ;希伯來書4:15 )構想的力量,聖靈在聖母瑪利亞,和出生的她, (路加福音1:31,35 ) ,但沒有罪。 (Hebrews 7:26) (希伯來7時26分)

Question 22 第22個問題
What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?什麼辦事處是否執行基督作為我們的救贖?
Answer 22 答案22
Christ as our Redeemer executes the offices of a prophet, (Acts 3:22) of a priest, (Hebrews 5:6) and of a king, (Psalms 2:6) both in his state of humiliation and exaltation.基督為我們的救贖主,執行辦事處的先知, (使徒3時22分)的一名牧師, (希伯來5時06分)和國王(詩篇2時06分) ,無論是在他的國家的屈辱和提升。

Question 23 第23個問題
How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?請問基督執行辦公室一名先知?
Answer 23 答案23
Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, (John 1:18) by his Word, (John 20:31) and Spirit, (John 14:26) the will of God for our salvation.基督執行辦公室的先知,在揭示給我們, (約翰福音1:18 ) ,由他的字, (約翰20時31分)與精神的統一, (約翰14時26分) ,將上帝的救贖。

Question 24 第24個問題
How does Christ execute the office of a priest?請問基督執行辦公室的一名牧師?
Answer 24 答案24
Christ executes the office of a priest, in his once offering up himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, (Hebrews 9:28) and to reconcile us to God, (Hebrews 2:17) and in making continual intercession for us.基督執行辦公室的一名神父,在他曾經推出了自己的犧牲,以滿足神的公義, (希伯來書9時28分) ,並協調我們向上帝, (希伯來書2:17 ) ,並在通過不斷干涉我們。 (Hebrews 7:25) (希伯來書7:25 )

Question 25 問題25
How does Christ execute the office of a king?請問基督執行辦公室的一個國王?
Answer 25 答案25
Christ executes the office of a king in subduing us to himself, (Psalms 110:3) in ruling and defending us, (Matthew 2:6; 1Corinthians 15:25) and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.基督執行辦公室的一個國王在征服我們自己, (詩篇110:3 ) ,在執政黨和捍衛我們(馬太2時06分;歌林多前書15:25 ) ,並在抑制和征服一切,他和我們的敵人。

Question 26 26問
Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?其中,沒有基督的羞辱構成?
Answer 26 答案26
Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, (Luke 2:7) made under the law, (Galatians 4:4) undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, (Matthew 27:46) and the cursed death of the cross; (Philippians 2:8) in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.基督的羞辱構成,在他的橫空出世,並在一個低條件下, (路加福音2時07分) ,根據該法, (加拉太4時04分)經歷苦難的現世生活,上帝所憎惡的, (馬太27:46 )和詛咒的死亡交叉; ( philippians 2時08分)在被埋葬,並繼續下死亡的力量,一時間。 (Matthew 12:40) (馬太12:40 )

Question 27 第27個問題
Wherein consists Christ's exaltation?其中,構成基督的提升?
Answer 27 答案27
Christ's exaltation consists in his rising again from the dead on the third day, (1Corinthians 15:4) in ascending up into heaven, and sitting at the right hand of God the Father, (Mark 16:19) and in coming to judge the world at the last day.基督的提升構成,在他的再次上升,從死裡復活就在第三天, (歌林多前書15:4 ) ,在上行成天堂,坐在右手的聖父, ( 16時19馬克) ,並在將來審判世界上的最後一天。 (Acts 17:31) (使徒17時31分)

Question 28 第28個問題
How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?我們如何取得partakers的贖回購買的基督?
Answer 28 答案28
We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us (John 1:12) by his Holy Spirit.我們是取得了partakers的贖回購買的基督,是由有效的應用,它給我們的(約翰福音1:12 ) ,由他的聖靈。 (Titus 3:5,6) (提3:5,6 )

Question 29 第29個問題
How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?如何得知是否精神適用於我們贖回購買的基督?
Answer 29 答案29
The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, (Ephesians 2:8) and by it uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.精神適用於我們贖回購買的基督,由工作我們的信任, (以弗所書2時08分) ,並通過它團結,我們基督在我們的有效通話。 (Ephesians 3:17) (以弗所3時17分)

Question 30 第30條問題
What is effectual calling?什麼是有效的呼喚?
Answer 30 答案30
Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit (2Timothy 1:9) whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, (Acts 2:37) enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, (Acts 26:18) and renewing our wills, (Ezekiel 36:26) he does persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel.顯效通話是上帝做事的精神( 2timothy 1時09分) ,即,有說服力的,我們對我們的罪惡和苦難, (使徒2時37分) ,啟發我們的頭腦中的知識基督(使徒行26:18 ) ,更新我們的意志, (以西結書36:26 ) ,他的說服,讓我們擁抱耶穌自由地提供給我們的福音。 (John 6:44,45) (約翰6:44,45 )

Question 31 問題31
What benefits do they who are effectually called, partake of in this life?什麼好處,他們都是所謂有效,參予的,在這生命?
Answer 31 答案31
They who are effectually called, do in this life partake of justification, (Romans 8:30) adoption, (Ephesians 1:5) sanctification, and the various benefits which in this life do either accompany, or flow from them.他們都是所謂有效,在做這輩子參加的理由, (羅馬書8:30 )通過, (以弗所書1:5 )成聖,以及各項福利,這輩子做的不是陪伴,或流從他們。 (1Corinthians 1:30) (歌林多前書1:30 )

Question 32 第32個問題
What is justification?是什麼理由?
Answer 32 答案32
Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins, (Romans 3:24; Ephesians 1:7) and accepts us as righteous in his sight (2Corinthians 5:21) only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, (Romans 5:19) and received by faith alone.理由是上帝的旨意的自由風度,他在所有的赦免我們的罪, (羅馬書3時24分;以弗所書1時07分) ,並接受我們的正義在他的視線( 2corinthians 5時21分)只為公義的基督歸罪於美(羅馬書5時19分)和收到的信念。 (Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9) (加拉太2時16分; philippians 3時09分)

Question 33 問題33
What is adoption?什麼是領養?
Answer 33 答案33
Adoption is an act of God's free grace, (1John 3:1) whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God.收養是上帝的旨意的自由恩典, ( 1john 3:1 ) ,讓我們把收到的數目,並有權利的一切特權的神的兒子。 (John 1:12; Romans 8:17) (約翰1:12 ;羅馬書8時17分)

Question 34 問題34
What is sanctification?什麼是成聖?
Answer 34 答案34
Sanctification is the work of God's Spirit, (2Thessalonians 2:13) whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, (Ephesians 4:24) and are enabled more and more to die to sin, and live to righteousness.成聖是上帝做事的精神, ( 2thessalonians 2時13分) ,讓我們重新在整個男子後,上帝的畫像, (以弗所4點24分) ,並已使越來越多的死,以單,並現場為義。 (Romans 6:11) (羅馬書6時11分)

Question 35 問題35
What are the benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?有什麼好處,在這生命做要么陪或流量來自理由,收養,並成聖?
Answer 35 答案35
The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, (Romans 5:1,2,5) are assurance of God's love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit, (Romans 14:17) increase of grace, perseverance in it to the end.好處,在這生命做陪,或由流動的理由, (羅馬書5:1,2,5 ) ,是保證天主的愛,和平,良心的喜悅,聖靈, (羅馬書14時17分)增加的恩典,毅力在它進行到底。 (Proverbs 4:18; 1John 5:13; 1Peter 1:5) (諺語4時18分; 1john 5時13分; 1peter 1:5 )

Question 36 第36個問題
What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?什麼好處信徒接受基督在自己的死刑?
Answer 36 答案36
The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness, (Hebrews 12:23) and do immediately pass into glory, (Philippians 1:23; 2Corinthians 5:8; Luke 23:43) and their bodies, being still united to Christ, (1Thessalonians 4:14) do rest in their graves (Isaiah 57:2) till the resurrection.亡靈的信徒在他們的死因作出了完美的聖德, (希伯來書12:23 ) ,並立即進入榮耀, ( philippians 1:23 ; 2corinthians 5時08分;盧克23時43分)和自己的身體,仍團結一致基督( 1thessalonians 4時14分)做休息,在他們的墳墓(以賽亞書57:2 ) ,直到復活。 (Job 19:26) (求職19時26分)

Question 37 第37個問題
What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?什麼好處信徒接受基督在復活?
Answer 37 答案37
At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory, (1Corinthians 15:43) shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment, (Matthew 10:32) and made perfectly blessed both in soul and body in the full enjoying of God (1 John 3:2) to all eternity.在復活,信徒們提出了在榮耀, (歌林多前書15時43分) ,應公開承認,並宣告無罪,在審判的日子, (馬太10:32 ) ,並取得了完美的祝福無論是在心靈和身體在充分享受上帝( 1約翰3:2 ) ,以永恆。 (1Thessalonians 4:17) ( 1thessalonians 4時17分)

Question 38 第38個問題
What shall be done to the wicked at their death?應怎樣做惡人,在他們的死因?
Answer 38 答案38
The souls of the wicked shall at their death be cast into the torments of hell, (Luke 16:22-24) and their bodies lie in their graves till the resurrection, and judgement of the great day.亡靈惡人應在其死亡被投入磨折地獄, (路加福音16:22-24 ) ,他們的屍體所在,在他們的墳墓,直到復活,並判斷偉大的一天。 (Psalms 49:14) (詩篇49:14 )

Question 39 問題39
What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgment?應怎樣做惡人,在審判的日子嗎?
Answer 39 答案39
At the day of judgment the bodies of the wicked being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels for ever.在當天的判決中的屍體惡人提出了自己的墳墓,應判處,連同他們的靈魂,以無法形容的磨折與魔鬼和他的天使永遠。 (Daniel 12:2; John 5:28,29; 2Thessalonians 1:9; Matthew 25:41) (丹尼爾12:2 ;約翰5:28,29 ; 2thessalonians 1時09分;馬修25:41 )

Question 40 問題40
What did God reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?什麼叫上帝透露,以男子為統治他的順從?
Answer 40 答案40
The rule which God first revealed to man for his obedience, is the moral law, (Deuteronomy 10:4; Matthew19:17) which is summarised in the ten commandments.有關的規則,使上帝首次透露,以男子為他的服從性,是道德律, (申命記10時04分; matthew19 : 17 ) ,這是撮在十誡命。

Question 41 第41個問題
What is the sum of the ten commandments?什麼是一筆十誡?
Answer 41 答案41
The sum of the ten commandments is to love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and our neighbour as ourselves.這筆十誡是愛耶和華我們的神與我們所有的心,我們所有的靈魂,我們所有的力量,並與所有我們的腦海中;和我們的鄰國作為自己。 (Matthew 22:37-40) (馬太22:37-40 )

Question 42 第42個問題
Which is the first commandment?這是首個戒律?
Answer 42 答案42
The first commandment is, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me."第一誡是, "你有沒有別的神我" 。

Question 43 第43個問題
What is required in the first commandment?需要什麼,在第一誡?
Answer 43 答案43
The first commandment requires us to know (1Chronicles 28:9) and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, (Deuteronomy 26:17) and to worship and glorify him accordingly.第一誡要求我們必須知道( 1chronicles 28:9 ) ,並承認上帝是唯一的真神,我們的上帝, (申命記26:17 ) ,並以崇拜和頌揚他。 (Matthew 4:10) (馬太4:10 )

Question 44 第44個問題
Which is the second commandment?這是第二誡?
Answer 44 答案44
The second commandment is, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments."第二誡是, "你不可使祢任何graven形象,或任何相似的任何一件事,是在天堂上面,或者是在地球下方,或者是在水中根據地球:你不可低頭下來你自己給他們,也為他們服務:因為我耶和華你的上帝是忌邪的上帝,參觀不公正的父親後,孩子們所不欲,第三代和第四代,他們說,恨我; shewing慈悲所不欲,其中數千人的愛我,守我誡命的" 。

Question 45 第45個問題
What is required in the second commandment?需要什麼,在第二誡?
Answer 45 答案45
The second commandment requires the receiving, observing, (Deuteronomy 32:46; Matthew 28:20) and keeping pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances as God has appointed in his Word.第二誡,需要接收,守法, (申命記32:46 ;馬修28:20 ) ,並保持純淨,整個所有這些宗教崇拜和法令,因為神已委任他的諾言。 (Deuteronomy 12:32) (申命記12:32 )

Question 46 第46個問題
What is forbidden in the second commandment?什麼是被禁止的,在第二誡?
Answer 46 答案46
The second commandment forbids the worshipping of God by images, (Deuteronomy 4:15,16) or any other way not appointed in his Word.第二誡命禁止崇拜上帝的形象, (申命記4:15,16 ) ,或以任何其他方式不予任命,在他所說的話。 (Colossians 2:18)他們( 2時18分)

Question 47 問題47
Which is the third commandment?這是第三誡?
Answer 47 答案47
The third commandment is, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain."第三誡是, "你不能走的名字是眾人徒勞無功;耶和華必不以他為無罪考慮他的名字白費。 "

Question 48 問題48
What is required in the third commandment?什麼是需要在第三誡?
Answer 48 答案48
The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use of God's names, (Psalms 29:2) titles, attributes, (Revelation 15:3,4) ordinances, (Ecclesiastes 5:1) Word, (Psalms 138:2) and works.第三誡要求神聖和reverent使用上帝的名字, (詩篇29:2 )職稱,屬性, (啟示15:3,4 )條例(傳道書5:1 )一詞, (詩篇138:2 )及工務局。 (Job 36:24; Deuteronomy 28:58,59) (職務36:24 ;申命記28:58,59 )

Question 49 第49個問題
Which is the fourth commandment?這是第四誡?
Answer 49 答案49
The fourth commandment is, "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor they cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it."第四誡是, "記住安息日,以保持其神聖的。六天本當你勞動,並盡一切你的工作:但第七天是安息日的是眾人:在這你不可做任何一項工作,你,也不是你的兒子,也不是你的女兒,你的manservant ,也不是你的女僕,也不是他們的牛,也不是你的陌生,這是指你的閘口。因為六日之內,耶和華造天與地,海,和所有在他們的是,休息第七天:人哪,耶和華賜福與安息日和神聖的,它" 。

Question 50 問題50
What is required in the fourth commandment?什麼是需要在第四誡?
Answer 50 答案50
The fourth commandment requires the keeping holy to God such set times as he has appointed in his Word, expressly one whole day in seven, to be a holy Sabbath to himself.第四誡要求保持神聖的上帝,如指定時間,因為他已任命他的字,明確了一整天,在七,是一個神聖的安息日自己。 (Leviticus 19:30; Deuteronomy 5:12) (利未記19:30 ;申命記5時12分)

Question 51 第51個問題
How is the Sabbath to be sanctified?又是怎樣的安息日被神聖化?
Answer 51 答案51
The Sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days, (Leviticus 23:3) and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God's worship, (Psalms 92:1,2; Isaiah 58:13,14) except so much as is taken up in the works of necessity and mercy.安息日是被神聖化,由一個神聖的休息,所有這一天,即便是從這種世俗化的僱傭關係和娛樂性,因為是合法的就在其他日子, (利未記23時03分)和消費在整個時間,在公共和私人演習神的崇拜, (詩篇92:1,2 ;以賽亞書58:13,14 ) ,除了這麼多,因為是在工程的必要性和憐憫。 (Matthew 12:11,12) (馬太12:11,12 )

Question 52 第52個問題
Which is the fifth commandment?這是第五誡?
Answer 52 答案52
The fifth commandment is, "Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee."第五誡是, "榮譽你父親和你的母親:你的天,可長後,土地是眾人給予你的" 。

Question 53 問題53
What is required in the fifth commandment?需要什麼,在第五誡?
Answer 53 答案53
The fifth commandment requires the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their various positions and relationships as superiors, (Ephesians 5:21,22; Ephesians 6:1,5 ; Romans 13:1) inferiors, (Ephesians 6:9) or equals.第五誡,需要維護的榮譽,履行職責,是屬於每一個在自己的不同崗位和關係作為上級, (弗5:21,22 ;以弗所書6:1,5 ;羅馬書十三)低人一等, (以弗所6時09分) ,或同等的。 (Romans 12:10) (羅馬書12:10 )

Question 54 第54個問題
What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?到底是什麼原因所附的第五誡?
Answer 54 答案54
The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is, a promise of long life and prosperity -- as far as it shall serve for God's glory, and their own good -- to all such as keep this commandment.原因所附的第五誡,是一個承諾,壽命長和繁榮-據它應服務於上帝的榮耀,並以自身的良好形象-所有這些為保持這個戒律。 (Ephesians 6:2,3) (弗6:2,3 )

Question 55 問題55
Which is the sixth commandment?這是第六誡?
Answer 55 答案55
The sixth commandment is, "Thou shalt not kill."第六誡的是, "你不可殺人" 。

Question 56 問題56
What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?什麼是被禁止在第六誡?
Answer 56 答案56
The sixth commandment forbids the taking away of our own life, (Acts 16:28) or the life of our neighbour unjustly, (Genesis 9:6) or whatever tends to it.第六誡命禁止走我們自己的生活, (行為, 16時28分) ,或生活的我們的鄰居冤枉,說( 9時06分) ,或其他任何傾向。 (Proverbs 24:11,12) (諺語24:11,12 )

Question 57 問題57
Which is the seventh commandment?這是第七誡?
Answer 57 答案57
The seventh commandment is, "Thou shalt not commit adultery."第七誡的是, "你不可姦淫" 。

Question 58 問題58
What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?什麼是被禁止在第七誡?
Answer 58 答案58
The seventh commandment forbids all unchaste thoughts, (Matthew 5:28; Colossians 4:6) words, (Ephesians 5:4; 2Timothy 2:22) and actions.第七誡禁止一切unchaste思考, (馬太5時28分;歌羅西書4:6 )的話, (以弗所5時04分; 2timothy 2時22分)和行動。 (Ephesians 5:3) (以弗所5時03分)

Question 59 問題59
Which is the eighth commandment?這是第八誡?
Answer 59 答案59
The eighth commandment is, "Thou shalt not steal."第八誡的是, "你不可偷盜" 。

Question 60 問題60
What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?什麼是被禁止在第八誡?
Answer 60 答案60
The eighth commandment forbids whatever does or may unjustly hinder our own, (1Timothy 5:8; Proverbs 28:19; Proverbs 21:6) or our neighbour's wealth, or outward estate.第八誡禁止什麼或可能不公平地妨礙我們自己的, ( 1timothy 5時08分;諺語28:19 ;諺語21時06分) ,或我們的鄰國的財富,或向外屋。 (Ephesians 4:28) (以弗所書4時28分)

Question 61 問題61
Which is the ninth commandment?這是第九誡?
Answer 61 答案61
The ninth commandment is, "Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour."第九誡的是, "你不可作假見證對你的鄰居" 。

Question 62 問題62
What is required in the ninth commandment?什麼是需要在第九誡?
Answer 62 答案62
The ninth commandment requires the maintaining and promoting of truth between man and man, (Zechariah 8:16) and of our own, (1Peter 3:16; Acts 25:10) and our neighbour's good name, (3John 1:12) especially in witness-bearing.第九誡,需要保持和發揚真理的人與文( zechariah 8時16分)和我們自己的, ( 1peter 3:16 ;行為25:10 )和我們鄰國的良好聲譽, ( 3john 1:12 ) ,尤其是在證人作證軸承。 (Proverbs 14:5,25) (諺語14:5,25 )

Question 63 問題63
What is the tenth commandment?什麼是第十誡命?
Answer 63 答案63
The tenth commandment is, "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, or his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour's."第十誡命是, "你不可貪圖你的鄰居的房子;你不可貪圖你的鄰居的妻子,也不是他的manservant ,或他的女僕,也不是他的牛,也不是他的驢,也沒有什麼是你的鄰居的" 。

Question 64 問題64
What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?什麼是被禁止的,在第十屆誡?
Answer 64 答案64
The tenth commandment forbids all discontentment with our own estate, (1Corinthians 10:10) envying or grieving at the good of our neighbour, (Galatians 5:26) and all inordinate emotions and affections to anything that is his.第十誡命禁止一切不滿,我們自己的遺產, (歌林多前書10:10 ) envying或悲傷時好我們的鄰國(加拉太5時26分) ,所有過分的情緒和情感的東西是他的。 (Colossians 3:5)他們( 3時05分)

Question 65 問題65
Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?是任何人能夠完美地把誡命的上帝嗎?
Answer 65 答案65
No mere man, since the fall, is able in his life perfectly to keep the commandments of God, (Ecclesiastes 7:20) but does daily break them in thought, (Genesis 8:21) word, (James 3:8) and deed.沒有純粹的男子,因為秋天,是能夠在他的生活中完全保持誡命,上帝(傳道書7時20分) ,但是否每天休息,他們在思想, (創8時21分)字, (詹姆斯3時08分)和好事。 (James 3:2) (詹姆斯3:2 )

Question 66 問題66
Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?都是越軌的法律同樣令人髮指嗎?
Answer 66 答案66
Some sins in themselves, and by reason of various aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.一些在捷聯慣導系統本身,以及因各種加重,更令人髮指的,在神看比別人。 (John 19:11; 1John 5:15) (約翰19時11分; 1john下午5時15 )

Question 67 問題67
What does every sin deserve?什麼是每單值得嗎?
Answer 67 答案67
Every sin deserves God's wrath and curse, both in this life and that which is to come.每單值得上帝的憤怒和詛咒,無論是在生活中說,這是來。 (Ephesians 5:6; Psalms 11:6) (以弗所5時06分;詩篇11時06分)

Question 68 問題68
How may we escape his wrath and curse due to us for sin?我們如何可以逃避他的憤怒和詛咒,因為我們作的孽?
Answer 68 答案68
To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, we must believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, (John 3:16) trusting alone to his blood and righteousness.為了躲避憤怒和詛咒上帝由於我們的罪過,我們一定要相信,在主耶穌基督(約翰福音3:16 ) ,僅信賴他的血和公義。 This faith is attended by repentance for the past (Acts 20:21) and leads to holiness in the future.這種信念是出席懺悔過去(的行為, 20時21分) ,並導致成聖於未來。

Question 69 問題69
What is faith in Jesus Christ?什麼是信仰耶穌基督?
Answer 69 答案69
Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace, (Hebrews 10:39) whereby we receive, (John 1:12) and rest upon him alone for salvation, (Philippians 3:9) as he is set forth in the gospel.相信耶穌基督是拯救的恩典, (希伯來書10時39分) ,讓我們接收, (約翰1:12 )和休息後,他單獨救贖( philippians 3時09分) ,因為他是闡述福音。 (Isaiah 33:22) (以賽亞書33:22 )

Question 70 問題70
What is repentance to life?什麼是悔改,以生命?
Answer 70 答案70
Repentance to life is a saving grace, (Acts 11:18) whereby a sinner, out of a true sense of his sins, (Acts 2:37) and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ, (Joel 2:13) does with grief and hatred of his sin turn from it to God, (Jeremiah 31:18,19) with full purpose to strive after new obedience.悔過書,以生活是一種節約的恩典, (使徒行11:18 ) ,即一個罪人,但是,出於一個真正意義上的,他的罪孽, (使徒2時37分) ,並逮捕了慈悲的上帝在基督裡, (約珥2時13分)悲痛與仇恨他的單轉由它向上帝, (耶利米31:18,19 )充分宗旨,以爭取後,新的服從。 (Psalms 119:59) (詩篇119:59 )

Question 71 問題71
What are the outward means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of redemption?什麼是外向途徑,聖靈傳達給我們帶來的好處贖回?
Answer 71 答案71
The outward and ordinary means whereby the Holy Spirit communicates to us the benefits of Christ's redemption, are the Word, by which souls are begotten to spiritual life; Baptism, the Lord's Supper, Prayer, and Meditation, by all which believers are further edified in their most holy faith.外向和普通手段聖靈傳達給我們帶來的好處基督的救贖,是字,其中心靈,是造物主,以精神生活;洗禮,主的晚餐,祈禱,打坐,所有信徒們進一步薰陶,在他們最神聖的信仰。 (Acts 2:41,42; James 1:18) (使徒2:41,42 ;詹姆斯1:18 )

Question 72 問題72
How is the Word made effectual to salvation?又是怎樣取得了字顯效,以救贖?
Answer 72 答案72
The Spirit of God makes the reading, but especially the preaching of the Word, an effectual means of convicting and converting sinners, (Psalms 19:7) and of building them up in holiness and comfort (1Thessalonians 1:6) through faith to salvation.上帝的精神,使讀,但尤其是說教的字,是一個行之有效的手段,定罪和轉換的罪人, (詩篇19時07分)和建設起來,在成聖和舒適( 1thessalonians 1時06分)通過信仰來救贖。 (Romans 1:16) (羅馬書1:16 )

Question 73 問題73
How is the Word to be read and heard that it may become effectual to salvation?又是怎樣一詞來加以解讀,並聽取了,它有可能成為有效的,以救贖?
Answer 73 答案73
That the Word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend to it with diligence, (Proverbs 8:34) preparation, (1Peter 2:1,2) and prayer, (Psalms 119:18) receive it with faith, (Hebrews 4:2) and love, (2Thessalonians 2:10) lay it up into our hearts, (Psalms 119:11) and practise it in our lives.這個詞有可能成為有效的,以救亡,我們必須抓住它,辛勤耕耘, (諺語8時34分)編寫, ( 1peter 2:1,2 )和祈禱, (詩篇119:18 )收到它與信仰, (希伯來四日: 2 )與愛, ( 2thessalonians 2時10分) ,奠定了我們的心進入, (詩篇119:11 )和練習,它在我們的生活中。 (James 1:25) (詹姆斯25 )

Question 74 問題74
How do Baptism and the Lord's Supper become spiritually helpful?如何做洗禮和主的晚餐成為精神上的幫助嗎?
Answer 74 答案74
Baptism and the Lord's Supper become spiritually helpful, not from any virtue in them, or in him who does administer them, (1Corinthians 3:7; 1Peter 3:21) but only by the blessing of Christ, (1Corinthians 3:6) and the working of the Spirit in those who by faith receive them.洗禮和主的晚餐成為精神上的幫助,而不是來自任何美德,在他們的,或者在他的人進行管理, (歌林多前書則為3:7 ; 1peter 3時21分) ,但只能由福基督教會, (歌林多前書3時06分)和工作的精神,在那些因信接收他們。 (1Corinthians 12:13) (歌林多前書12時13分)

Question 75 問題75
What is Baptism?什麼是洗禮?
Answer 75 答案75
Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ, (Matthew 28:19) to be to the person baptised a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, and burial, and resurrection, (Romans 6:3; Colossians 2:12) of his being ingrafted into him,(Galatians 3:27) of remission of sins, (Mark 1:4; Acts 22:16) and of his giving up himself to God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life.洗禮是一個條例的新約聖經,是由耶穌基督, (馬太28:19 ) ,將有關的人受洗的跡象,他的獎學金與他,在他死後,埋葬,以及復活(羅馬書選手;歌羅西書2時12分) ,他正在ingrafted到他(加拉太3時27分)的罪得赦, ( 1:4馬克;行為, 22時16分)和他的放棄自己的上帝透過耶穌基督,生活和步行在較新的生活。 (Romans 6:4,5) (羅馬書6:4,5 )

Question 76 問題76
To whom is Baptism to be administered?誰是洗禮,以管理?
Answer 76 答案76
Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance towards God, (Acts 2:38; Matthew 3:6; Mark 16:16; Acts 8:12,36,37; Acts 10:47,48) and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and to none other.洗禮是要對所有那些真正聲言悔罪走向上帝, (使徒2時38分;馬修3時06分;大關16:16 ;行為8:12,36,37 ;行為10:47,48 )和信念我們的主耶穌基督,並沒有其他。

Question 77 問題77
Are the infants of such as are professing to be baptised?是嬰幼兒的,例如是空頭領洗嗎?
Answer 77 答案77
The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptised, because there is neither command nor example in the Holy Scriptures for their baptism.嬰兒的這種作為是空頭信徒不要被洗禮,因為那裡既沒有指揮,也沒有例子,在聖經中,為他們洗禮。 (Exodus 23:13; Proverbs 30:6) (出埃及記23時13分;諺語30:6 )

Question 78 問題78
How is baptism rightly administered?如何正確地洗禮經管?
Answer 78 答案78
Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dipping the whole body of the person in water, (Matthew 3:16; John 3:23) in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, according to Christ's institution, and the practice of the apostles, (Matthew 28:19,20) and not by sprinkling or pouring of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men.洗禮,這是十分正確的,由浸沒,浸泡或全身的人在水中, (馬太3:16 ;約翰3點23分) ,在父親的姓名,和兒子,以及聖靈,根據基督的事業單位和實踐的使徒, (馬太28:19,20 ) ,而不是灑在或潑的水,或浸一些身體的一部分,經過傳統的男人。 (John 4:1,2; Acts 8:38,39) (約翰4:1,2 ;行為8:38,39 )

Question 79 問題79
What is the duty of such as are rightly baptized?什麼是責任等,是正確的洗禮?
Answer 79 答案79
It is the duty of such as are rightly baptized, to give up themselves to some particular and orderly Church of Jesus Christ, (Acts 2:47; Acts 9:26; 1Peter 2:5) that they may walk in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.這是責無旁貸的,如正確地洗,放棄自己的一些特別和有秩序的教會,耶穌基督, (使徒2時47分;行為9時26分; 1peter 2時05分)表示,他們可能走在所有的誡命條例的主難辭其咎。 (Luke 1:6) (路加福音1時06分)

Question 80 問題80
What is the Lord's Supper?什麼是主的晚餐?
Answer 80 答案80
The Lord's Supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by Jesus Christ; wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to his appointment, his death is shown forth, (1Corinthians 11:23-26) and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporeal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace.主的晚餐是條例的新約聖經,是由耶穌基督;下,給予和接受麵包和酒,據他的任命,他的去世是表現出了, (歌林多前書11:23-26 ) ,以及值得接收器,不經過體和肉體的方式,而是由信念,取得了partakers對他的身體和血液,以他的全部好處,他們的精神食糧,並生長在恩典。 (1Corinthians 10:16) (歌林多前書[ 10:16 )

Question 81 問題81
What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?需如何當之無愧的接收主的晚餐?
Answer 81 答案81
It is required of them who would worthily partake of the Lord's Supper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord's body, (1Corinthians 11:28,29) of their faith to feed upon him, (2Corinthians 13:5) of their repentance, (1Corinthians 11:31) love, (1Corinthians 11:18-20 ) and new obedience, (1Corinthians 5:8) lest coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves.這是要求他們誰的抱負得以參與主的晚餐,他們反省自己的知識去分辨主的身體, (歌林多前書11:28,29 ) ,他們的信仰飼料後,他( 2corinthians 13時05分)他們的悔過書, (歌林多前書11時31分)愛, (歌林多前書11:18-20 )和新的服從, (歌林多前書5時08分) ,以免未來混跡,他們所吃的喝的判斷,對自己負責。 (1Corinthians 11:27-29) (歌林多前書11:27-29 )

Question 82 問題82
What is meant by the words, "until he come," which are used by the apostle Paul in reference to the Lord's Supper?是什麼意思的話, "直到他來" ,這是一種用使徒保羅在提到主的晚餐?
Answer 82 答案82
They plainly teach us that our Lord Jesus Christ will come a second time; which is the joy and hope of all believers.他們赤裸裸地教導我們說,我們的主耶穌基督來的第二次;這是喜悅和希望的所有信徒。 (Acts 1:11; 1Thessalonians 4:16) (使徒行1時11分; 1thessalonians 4時16分)


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Puritan Confession 清教徒的自白


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