Passion Week激情週

General Information, Outline 一般資料,概述

The 'Passion' comprises the very last week of Jesus' life on Earth. '熱情'的組成非常上週的耶穌'地球上的生命。 It began on Palm Sunday and concluded on the morning of Easter Sunday.它開始對棕櫚油和週日結束上午的復活節週日。

The First Day in Passion-Week, Palm Sunday第一天在激情星期,棕櫚週日

The Royal Entry into Jerusalem.皇家進入耶路撒冷。

The Second Day in Passion-Week第二天,在激情星期

The Barren Fig-Tree, The Cleansing of the Temple, The Hosanna of the Children.荒蕪圖樹,潔淨的廟宇, hosanna的孩子。

The Third Day in Passion Week第三天,在第二週

The Question of Christ's Authority, The Question of Tribute to Caesar, The Widow's Fathing, The Greeks who sought to see Jesus, Summary and Retrospect of the Public Minsitry of Christ.問題的基督的權威,問題的敬意愷撒,鰥寡fathing ,希臘人試圖見耶穌,總結和回顧了公共minsitry的喊聲。

The Last Controversies and Discourses, The Sadducees and the Resurrection, The Scribe and the Great Commandement, Question to the Pharisees about David's Son and Lord Final Warning to the People: The Eight 'Woes', Farewell.最後爭論和論述,撒都該人與復活,文士和偉大commandement ,問題向法利約大衛的兒子和上帝最後的警告傳達給人們: 8疾苦' ,告別。

The Last Series of Parables: To the Pharisees and to the People, On the Way of Jerusalem: The Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard, In the Temple: The Parable of the 'No' and 'Yes' of the Two Sons, The Parable of the Evil Husbandmen Evilly Destroyed, The Parable of the Marriage of the King's Son and of the Wedding Garment.最近一連串的parables :法利和人民,對未來路向耶路撒冷:寓言勞動者在葡萄園,在寺廟:寓言'不'和'是'的兩個兒子,寓言邪惡husbandmen evilly被毀,寓言結婚國王的兒子和的婚禮服裝。

The Evening of the Third Day in Passion-Week傍晚的第三天,在激情星期

On the Mount of Olives: Discourse to the Disciples concerning the Last Things對橄欖山:話語向弟子關於上次的事情

Last Parables: To the Disciples concerning the Last Things, The Parable of the Ten Virgins, The Parable of the Talents, Supplementary Parable of the Minas and the King's Reckoning with His Servants and His Rebellious Citizens去年parables :向弟子關於上次的事情,寓言十個處女,寓言有關的優秀人才,補充寓言的米納斯和國王的清算與他的僕人和他的反叛公民

The Fourth Day in Passion-Week第四天,在激情星期

Jesus in His Last Sabbatic Rest before His Agony, and the Sanhedrists in their Unrest, The Betrayal, Judas: His Character, Apostasy, and End耶穌在他最後一次sabbatic休息之前,他的痛苦,以及sanhedrists在他們的不安,背叛,猶大:他的性格,叛教,末位淘汰

The Fifth Day in Passion-Week第五天,在激情星期

'Make Ready the Passover!' '作準備逾越節!

The Paschal Supper, The Institution of the Lord' Supper在逾越節的晚餐,該機構的主'的晚餐

The Last Discourse of Christ, The Prayer of Consecration最後話語基督,禱告的consecration

Gethsemane gethsemane

Thursday Night, Before Annas and Caiaphs, Peter and Jesus週四晚,然後才annas和caiaphs ,彼得和耶穌

The Morning of Good Friday早上好週五

'Crucified, Dead, and Buried' '釘在十字架上,死了,埋'

Easter Sunday復活節週日

On the Resurrection of Christ from the Dead對復活的基督從死裡復活

'On the Third Day He rose again from the Dead; He ascend into Heaven' '第三天,他再次上升,從死裡復活,他升入天堂』


Passion Play激情發揮

General Information 一般資料

Based on events relating to the trial, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, the passion play enacts the central drama of the Christian faith.基於事件與審判,在十字架上,復活的基督,激情發揮立中央戲劇的基督教信仰。 The episodes of the passion play are performed at a series of shrines, or "mansions," one for each episode.情節的激情發揮演出,在一系列的神龕,或"豪宅" ,每組一個插曲。 Mansions are arranged in various ways, most often so that both performers and audience can move to each in turn.大廈都被排列在以各種方式,最常見的,所以這兩個表演者和觀眾可以遷往每個反過來。

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Mansions may be arranged side by side in a line, as in the Valenciennes Passion; grouped around a courtyard; or spread out over a countryside. The passion play derives from the devotions made by parishioners inside the church before the Stations of the Cross, which show the same events depicted in the play. The passion play was performed in many small towns in Europe during the Middle Ages, but for the most part disappeared soon thereafter.大廈可安排並排在同一條,作為在瓦朗西激情;歸併為一種庭院;或分散在一個郊區。 激情發揮來自奉獻所作出的教友在教會裡面前站的十字架上,其中表現出同樣的事件,描繪了發揮。激情戲演出,在許多小城鎮,在歐洲,在中世紀,但大多數時候消失,在此後不久。 The Oberammergau Passion in Bavaria, still enacted once every 10 years, was inaugurated in thanksgiving for the end of the Black Death in 1633.該oberammergau激情,在巴伐利亞,仍然頒布了每隔10年,創刊於感恩節為年底的黑死病,在第1633 。 The Black Hills Passion Play is given annually in Spearfish, S.Dak.布萊克丘陵的激情發揮,是由於每年spearfish ,第丹麥克朗。

ET Kirby等科爾比

Bibliography參考書目
Blackburn, Henry, Art in the Mountains: Story of the Passion Play (1870; repr. 1978); Edwards, Robert, The Montecassino Passion and the Poetics of Medieval Drama (1977); Sticca, Sandro, The Latin Passion Play: Its Origins and Development (1970); West, Larry E., The Saint Gall Passion Play (1976).布萊克本,亨利,藝術,在山:故事的熱情,發揮( 1870年; repr 。 1978年) ;愛德華茲,羅伯特, montecassino的激情和詩學的是中世紀戲劇( 1977年) ; sticca , sandro ,拉丁美洲的激情發揮:它的起源與發展會議( 1970年) ;西,拉里體育,聖者膽激情玩( 1976 ) 。


Passion Cycle激情週期

General Information 一般資料

The events of the Passion are among the most frequent subjects of religious art.該活動的熱情是最頻繁科目的宗教藝術。 They are popular because the sacrifice of the Crucifixion is central to Christian belief and because Holy Week, during which the events of the Passion occur, marks the culmination of the liturgical year.他們都很受歡迎,因為犧牲的受難日,是中央以基督教信仰,因為聖週,在該事件的激情出現,它標誌著經過禮儀一年。

Some scenes from the Passion appeared in Christian art as early as the 4th century.有些場景,從激情出現在基督教藝術早在公元4世紀。 These subjects became especially common, however, in the late Middle Ages and at the beginning of the Renaissance, probably because depictions of Christ's suffering were in keeping with the heightened religious emotion that followed the Black Death and the Hundred Years' War.這些科目成了尤其普遍,不過,在中世紀後期,並在一開始的文藝復興運動,可能是因為描寫耶穌的苦難符合加劇宗教情感隨後黑死病與百年戰爭。 Also during this period the Pieta was introduced and developed.另外,在此期間該pieta引進和發展。 Although without biblical authority, this scene became part of the Passion cycle.雖然沒有聖經的權威,這一幕成了部分的激情循環。

The wide appeal of the Passion cycle is clearly shown by the prints of Albrecht Durer.廣泛呼籲的激情週期是清楚地表明,由版畫的Albrecht其後durer 。 Durer executed woodcut series known as the Small Passion (1509-11) and the Large Passion (1510-11) as well as another sequence called the Engraved Passion (1507-13). durer處決木刻系列被稱為小型激情( 1509年至1511年)以及大型激情( 1510年至1511年) ,以及另一序列稱為刻有激情( 1507年至1513年) 。 The scenes included in these cycles differ considerably, as they contain, respectively, 11 woodcuts and a title page, 36 woodcuts and a title page, and 15 engravings.這個場景包括在這些週期差別很大,因為它們的內容,分別是, 11木刻和扉頁, 36木刻和扉頁, 15個鐫刻。 This variation is typical of Passion cycles, because artists frequently added scenes to provide a historical context for the Passion or an epilogue to emphasize its importance.這種變化是典型的激情週期,因為藝術家經常補充場面,以提供一個歷史背景下,為激情或後記,以強調其重要性。

Eric G. Carlson李家祥g.卡爾森

Bibliography參考書目
Fergusson, George, Signs and Symbols in Christian Art (1959). fergusson ,喬治,標誌和符號,在基督教藝術( 1959 ) 。


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