Oriental Orthodox Church東方東正教教堂

General Information 一般資料

The "Eastern Church" is a general term for the various ancient Christian communions of the Middle East and Eastern Europe, of which three groups remain today. "東方教會"是一個統稱,為各古代基督教communions的中東和東歐,其中有三組留到今天。

The earliest decisive split in Christendom took place in 451 as a result of the Council of Chalcedon, which was called to consider the claims of the Monophysites.最早的決定性分裂基督教發生在451由於安理會的chalcedon ,這是所謂的考慮索賠的monophysites 。 The churches that rejected the statement of faith adopted by the council are the Armenian church, the Coptic church of Alexandria, the Ethiopian church, the Syrian church, and the Syrian church in India.教會否決聲明的信仰安理會通過的是亞美尼亞教會,科普特教會的亞歷山德里亞,埃塞俄比亞教會,敘利亞教會,敘利亞教會在印度。 Sometimes known as the Oriental Orthodox, these churches today include more than 22 million members.有時也被稱為東方東正教,這些教會今天,包括2200多萬黨員。

The largest body, the Orthodox church, is in communion with the ecumenical patriarchate of Constantinople (Ýstanbul, Turkey).規模最大的機構,對東正教教堂,是在共融與宗主教的君士坦丁堡( ýstanbul ,土耳其) 。

A third group of churches is known collectively as Eastern Rite churches, which recognize the authority of the Roman Catholic church.第三組的教堂是被統稱為東部成年禮教堂,其中承認的權威,羅馬天主教教堂。

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Oriental Orthodox Church東方東正教教堂

Jacobite Church詹姆士派教會

General Information 一般資料

The Jacobite Church is an ancient Christian group, named for James (Iakub) Bar Adai, who, in Syria, led the Monophysite opposition to the affirmation of the two natures of Christ by the Council of Chalcedon (451).詹姆斯黨教會,是一個古老的基督教團體,命名為詹姆斯( iakub )酒吧adai ,因為他們在敘利亞,帶領monophysite反對以肯定的兩個性質基督的,由理事會chalcedon ( 451 ) 。 Officially persecuted by the Roman Empire, the Monophysites received some sympathy from Empress Theodora, who in 543 arranged for the secret consecration of James as bishop of Edessa and as ecumenical metropolitan.正式迫害羅馬帝國, monophysites得到了一些同情,從慈禧theodora ,他們在543安排了秘密consecration詹姆斯作為主教edessa並作為普世大都市。 This title implied that he assumed the task of perpetuating an initially illegal Monophysite hierarchy in Syria.這個名稱暗示他就任後的任務不殆的一個最初非法monophysite等級敘利亞。 Supported by a substantial part of the population, the Jacobite church survived Byzantine persecution, Muslim occupation, and conquest by the Crusaders.支持,其中相當一部分的人口,詹姆士派教會存活拜占庭迫害,穆斯林佔領和征服的,由十字軍。 During the medieval period, a number of Jacobites became well known in the Muslim world, particularly as medical doctors and historians.在中世紀時期,一些jacobites成為當地十分有名,在穆斯林世界,尤其是醫生和歷史學家。

Headed by a patriarch of Antioch, who actually resides in Damascus, Syria, the church is sometimes designated as Syrian Orthodox.由一名元老安提,究竟是誰居住在敘利亞的大馬士革,教會是有時被指定為敘利亞東正教。 The term Jacobite is also applied to the ancient Christian church of Malabâr, in India, which affiliated itself with the Syrian church in the 16th century but is independent today.任期詹姆斯黨也適用於古老的基督教教堂malabâr ,在印度,它本身附屬同敘利亞教會早在十六世紀,但獨立於今日。 In Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, the Jacobite faithful number approximately 100,000.在敘利亞,黎巴嫩和伊拉克,詹姆士派信徒人數大約為10萬人。 Small communities have been established in the US小型社區已經建立,在美國

Officially, the Jacobite church, maintaining its opposition to the Council of Chalcedon, confesses the "one divine-human nature" of Christ (Monophysitism).正式地,詹姆士派教會,維持其反對向安理會提交chalcedon , confesses , "一個神聖的人性"的基督( monophysitism ) 。 It is separated from both Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy but is in communion with the other Non-Chalcedonian, or Oriental Orthodox, churches - the Armenian, the Coptic, and the Ethiopian.它是分開的兩個羅馬天主教和東正教,但在與其他非chalcedonian ,或東方的東正教教堂-亞美尼亞人,科普特人,和埃塞俄比亞。 It uses Syriac as its liturgical language and keeps the ancient liturgical tradition of the church of Antioch.它使用敘利亞文,因為它的禮儀語言和保存古代禮儀的傳統,教會安提。 Its entire membership speaks Arabic.在全體成員講阿拉伯語。

Rev. John Meyendorff牧師約翰meyendorff


Oriental Orthodox Church東方東正教教堂

Jacobite Church詹姆士派教會

General Information 一般資料


Also, see:此外,見:
Monophysitism monophysitism
Orthodox Church 東正教教堂
Eastern Rite Catholic Churches 東方禮儀的天主教教堂

Armenian Church 亞美尼亞教堂

Coptic Church 科普特教堂


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