Easter, Pascha復活節,逾越節

General Information 一般資料

The Christian festival of Easter celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.基督教節日復活節慶祝復活的耶穌基督。 The spring festival has its roots in the Jewish Passover, which commemorates Israel's deliverance from the bondage of Egypt, and in the Christian reinterpretation of its meaning after the crucifixion of Jesus during the Passover of AD c.30 and the proclamation of his resurrection three days later.春節期間,其根源在於猶太人逾越節,這是紀念以色列的救我們脫離桎梏的埃及,並在基督教重新解釋其含義後,在十字架上的耶穌,在逾越節的專案c.30 ,並宣布他的復活三天後來。 Early Christians observed Easter on the same day as Passover (14-15 Nisan, a date governed by a lunar calendar).早期基督徒觀察復活節就在同一天,作為逾越節(尼散月14日至15日,日期,由一個陰曆) 。 In the 2nd century, the Christian celebration was transferred to the Sunday following the 14-15 Nisan, if that day fell on a weekday.在二世紀,基督教慶祝活動被轉移到週日後,尼散月14日至15日,如果那天落在平日。 Originally, the Christian Easter was a unitive celebration, but in the 4th century Good Friday became a separate commemoration of the death of Christ, and Easter was thereafter devoted exclusively to the resurrection.本來,基督教復活節是一個統一的慶祝活動,但在4世紀好週五成為一個單獨的紀念去世的基督,並在復活節其後,專門復活。

According to the Venerable Bede, the name Easter is derived from the pagan spring festival of the Anglo-Saxon goddess Eostre, and many folk customs associated with Easter (for example, Easter eggs) are of pagan origin. Easter Day is currently determined as the first Sunday after the full moon on or after March 21. The Eastern Orthodox churches, however, follow the Julian rather than the Gregorian calendar, so their celebration usually falls several weeks later than the Western Easter.據老貝代,人名,復活節是來自異教的一個春節,盎格魯-撒克遜女神eostre ,許多民間習俗與復活節(舉例來說,復活節蛋)是異教的起源。 復活節當天,目前確定為第一週日經過充分月球上或之後3月21日。東部東正教教堂,不過,按照朱利安,而不是公曆,所以他們的慶祝活動通常屬於幾個星期後,比西方的復活節。 Easter is preceded by the period of preparation called Lent.復活節之前的準備期,所謂貸出。

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Bibliography: Dix, Gregory, The Shape of the Liturgy, 2nd ed.參考書目:迪克斯,格雷戈里,形狀的禮儀中,第二版。 (1945); McArthur, AA, The Evolution of the Christian Year (1953); Perry, CA, The Resurrection Promise (1986). ( 1945年) ; McArthur表示,機管局,演變基督教今年( 1953年) ;佩里,鈣,復活的承諾( 1986 ) 。


Easter, Pascha復活節,逾越節

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Easter is the annual day and season commemorating the resurrection of Christ.復活節是每年的一天和季節紀念復活的基督。 As the oldest and most important movable feast, its date determines the arrangement of the Christian liturgical year.作為最古老和最重要的動產盛宴,它的日期確定安排的基督教禮儀。

In Germanic languages the words used (English easter; German ostern) are thought to derive either from the name of an obscure Germanic goddess of spring, Eastre (a view popularized by the English monk Bede), or, more likely, from an Old German root for dawn or east (the time and place of the rising sun).在日耳曼語言用字(英文復活節;德國施特恩)被認為是源於無論是從名字的一個晦澀的日耳曼女神的春天, eastre (一期推廣,由英語和尚貝代) ,或者,更可能的,由一個古老德語根為黎明或東(時間和地點的太陽升起) 。 At an early date and for obscure reasons these Germanic words came to translate the Greek pascha (from the Hebrew pesah), the biblical word for the paschal (passover) feast used by most of the Romance languages (French paques; Italian pasqua).在較早的日期和為掩蓋原因,這些日耳曼詞來翻譯希臘語逾越節(從希伯來語pesah ) ,聖經字逾越(逾越節)宴用大部分的浪漫語言(法語paques ;意大利語的Pasqua ) 。

The early development of the celebration of Easter and the attendant calendar disputes were largely a result of Christianity's attempt to emancipate itself from Judaism.早期開發慶祝復活節及隨之而來的日曆糾紛大多因基督教的企圖,解放思想,擺脫猶太教。 Sunday had already replaced the Jewish sabbath early in the second century, and despite efforts in Asia Minor to maintain the Jewish passover date of 14 Nisan for Easter (hence the name Quartodecimans), the Council of Nicaea adopted the annual Sunday following the full moon after the vernal equinox (March 21).週日已取代了猶太人的安息日早在公元二世紀後,雖然努力,在小亞細亞,以維持猶太人逾越節的日期尼散月14日為復活節(因此得名quartodecimans ) ,理事會通過的尼西亞年度週日之後,滿月後在春季相等(三月二十一日) 。 Unfortunately, different methods of Easter reckoning devised to reconcile the Jewish lunar and Roman solar calendars led to several disputes, such as the one in seventh century Britain between Celtic and Roman Christianity.不幸的是,不同的方法推算復活節制訂調和猶太月球和羅馬的太陽曆法導致出現若干爭議,如在第七世紀的英國之間的凱爾特和羅馬基督教。 Even the notable calendar reform sponsored by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 was primarily an attempt to keep Easter in the spring by correcting the drift (eleven days at the point) of the less accurate Julian calendar.更引人注目的曆法改革的贊助由羅馬教皇格雷戈里十三, 1582年開始提倡,主要是企圖保持復活節在春季糾正漂移( 11天在點)的精確度較差朱利安日曆。 Since Eastern Orthodox still follows the old calendar, it can be as much as five weeks at variance with the other churches in celebrating Easter.由於東正教仍沿用舊日曆,它可高達5個星期的差異與其他教會在慶祝復活節。 In recent years concern for Christian unity has led to proposals for a universal fixed date such as the second Sunday in April.近年來關注基督信仰合一委員會已導致建議,為一個統一的固定日期,如第二個週日在4月。 This in turn would make possible the creation of uniform world liturgy.這反過來將使得有可能建立統一的世界禮拜儀式。

Originally Easter was a unitary night celebration (like passover), recalling both the death and resurrection of Christ.原本復活節是一個單一的夜晚慶祝活動(如逾越節) ,回顧雙方的死亡和復活的基督。 The ceremony included the lighting of the paschal candle, prayer, readings from Scripture, and the joyful celebration of Eucharist.儀式上,包括照明設備,逾越蠟燭,祈禱,讀經的經文,和歡樂的慶祝聖體聖事。 This also became the ideal occasion for baptisms (with resurrection life symbolized by white robes) and led in turn to the lengthening of the brief preparatory period into the forty days of Lent (paralleling Christ's forty-day fast before his passion).這也成為了理想的機會,受洗儀式(與復活的生命象徵,由白色長袍) ,並導致反過來,以延長短暫的籌備期到四十天封齋期(並聯基督的46天前快,他的激情) 。 Accordingly, after the fourth century the unitary feast was broken up into several parts and the resurrection came to be celebrated separately on Easter Sunday morning, with Eastertide extending another forty or fifty days.因此,後四世紀單一的盛宴被分解成幾個部分和復活前來慶賀的,分別在復活節週日上午, eastertide延長另一個四十或五十天。 Over the centuries many popular customs have been added reflecting pagan spring folklore (Easter egg and rabbit) as well as Jewish and Christian sources.數百年來,許多流行的習俗已被列入反映異教春節民俗(復活節蛋和兔子) ,以及猶太教和基督教的來源。

RK Bishop在RK主教
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
L. Cowie and J. Gummer, The Christian Year; G. Dix, The Shape of the Liturgy; D. Jones, G. Wainwright, and E. Yarnold, The Study of the Liturgy; F. Weiser, The Easter Book; E. Zerubavel, "Easter and Passover: On Calendars and Group Identity," ASR, Apr., 1982.屬cowie及J gummer ,基督教一年; g.迪克斯,形狀的禮儀;四瓊斯g. wainwright ,及五。 yarnold ,學習禮儀;樓weiser ,復活節書;電子。澤如巴維爾, "復活節和逾越節:日曆和群體認同, " ASR的4月, 1982 。


East'er, Pascha east'er ,逾越節

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Easter was originally a Saxon word (Eostre), denoting a goddess of the Saxons, in honour of whom sacrifices were offered about the time of the Passover.復活節原本是一個撒克遜字( eostre ) ,指女神的撒克遜人,在榮譽,其中的犧牲者所提供的關於時間的逾越節。 Hence the name came to be given to the festival of the Resurrection of Christ, which occured at the time of the Passover.因此得名來考慮的節日復活的基督,其中發生在時間的逾越節。 In the early English versions this word was frequently used as the translation of the Greek pascha (the Passover).在早期英語版本這個詞經常被用來作為翻譯的希臘語逾越節(逾越節) 。 When the Authorized Version (1611) was formed, the word "passover" was used in all passages in which this word pascha occurred, except in Act 12:4.當授權版( 1611年)成立後,改為"逾越節" ,是用於所有通道,在這個詞逾越節發生後,除在法12時04分。 In the Revised Version the proper word, "passover," is always used.在修訂版本,正確的話, "逾越節" ,總是用。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓說明字典)


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