Shepherding Movement - Discipleship Movement牧養運動-門徒運動

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The Discipleship Movement is a term applied to the teachings and persons coming from the Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Shepherd's Church.運動的門徒是一個長期適用的教誨和個人從勞德代爾堡,佛羅里達州,牧羊人教堂。 Sometimes referred to as the Shepherding Movement, it represents a specialized group within the charismatic movement that arose in the early 1960s.有時被稱為牧養運動,它代表了專門小組的魅力運動中出現的20世紀60年代初。 It also has older roots in the Pentecostal movement that began in the United States in 1900.它還具有基層老年人在五旬節運動,開始在美國於1900年。 The principal teachers in the movement have been the leaders of the Fort Lauderdale congregation, including Bob Mumford, Charles Simpson, Derek Prince, Don Basham, Ern Baxter, and John Poole.教師的主要的運動已經領導人的勞德代爾堡眾,其中包括鮑勃福德,查爾斯辛普森,德里克王子,唐巴沙姆,免疫巴克斯特,約翰普爾。 The official name of their organization is Christian Growth Ministries, and its major publication is New Wine magazine.的正式名稱是其組織基督教生長部委,其主要出版物是新的葡萄酒雜誌。

The concept of discipling is related to the goal of encouraging and measuring growth in Christian discipleship through the behavioral change that would result from a consistent application of biblical principles to personal and corporate Christian living.的概念discipling有關的目標,鼓勵和測量增長基督教門徒通過行為改變將導致從一個一致的應用聖經的原則,以個人和企業基督教的生活。 According to Mumford, the shepherd is to nurture discipleship through a three - part program, including baptism by water, discipleship by a man "commissioned by God," and acknowledging the abiding presence of Christ with the shepherd (or disciple marker) and his disciples. Mumford advocates avoiding spiritual independence that would lead to religious anarchy in favor of embracing the yoke of Christ as a symbol of discipleship.據福德, 牧人是要通過培育門徒三-部分項目,包括水的洗禮,門徒一名男子“委託進行的上帝” ,並確認遵守基督的存在與牧羊人(或弟子標記)和他的弟子。福德主張避免精神獨立將導致無政府狀態宗教主張的枷鎖擁抱耶穌作為一個象徵門徒。

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In a typical Discipleship community, household fellowships gather in closed weekly meetings.在一個典型的門徒社區,家庭獎學金聚集在封閉的每週例會。 Often the leading shepherds in a community have been directly trained by one of the above - named leaders. The members are often obliged to submit to covenantal norms, such as tithing, obedience to the authority of the community (which also may have authority in the area of male - female relationships), and the requirement of job - holding for all but married women.往往是領導牧羊人在社區已直接培訓了上面的任一-命名的領導人。成員常常不得不向c ovenantal規範,如什一奉獻,服從的權威,社會(其中還可能有權威男性領域-女性的關係) ,並要求工作-為所有持有,但已婚婦女。

The leaders of Discipleship Movement have extensively expressed their views on their roles.領導人的門徒運動有廣泛的表達了他們的意見對自己的角色。 They are frequently concerned with the integrity of the shepherds, especially their motivation to serve God uncompromisingly, and with the need to develop disciplined Christian leadership for shepherding communities that can withstand moral oppression and economic havoc from the contemporary society. Not seeking to found a new denomination, they emphasize the realization of the kingdom of God that transcends existing ecclesiastical structures.他們經常關注的完整性,牧羊人,尤其是他們的動機為上帝毫不妥協,並有必要制定紀律基督教領導牧養社區,可以承受道義上的壓迫和經濟混亂的現代社會。不尋求新的發現面額,他們強調實現王國的上帝,超越現有的教會結構。 They often picture their role in military terms, as captains of the Lord's army.他們常常圖片中的作用軍事方面,作為隊長的上帝的軍隊。 They expect opposition from the contemporary society and often pray for divine strength to endure in the midst of an alien world.他們期望反對現代社會,常常祈求神的力量來忍受處於世界各地的外國人。

A chief biblical text for the movement is the reference to pastor - teachers in Eph.一個主要的聖經經文的運動是參照牧師-教師厄。 4:11, which designates for them a man "called and equipped to give oversight and care to God's people." 4時11分,這為他們指定一名男子“要求和裝備,使監督和照顧上帝的人。 ” Discipling is seen as a comprehensive word that denotes a God - given authority. Each shepherd understands that he is to give account of his stewardship to the chief shepherd. Discipling被看作是一個全面詞指上帝-授權。每個牧羊人的理解是,他是給到他的指導下,對行政長官的牧羊人。 Just as Jesus regarded few of the professional religious leaders of his day as true shepherds, so the leaders of the Discipleship Movement often find unacceptable the ministry of those who are exercising ecclesiastical authority over people in their day.正如耶穌視為少數專業的宗教領袖,他一天作為真正的牧羊人,所以領導人的門徒運動往往是不可接受的這些部是誰教會行使權力,人民的一天。 This criticism recalls that of Christian sectarian leaders in past history, such as Montanus, the Spiritual Franciscans, the Anabaptists, and the radical pietists.這種批評回顧,基督教宗派領導人在過去的歷史,如蒙塔努斯,方濟的精神,在Anabaptists ,和激進的虔誠主義者。

The criteria for effective discipling also include the avoidance of selfish preoccupation with power and personal status, in line with the admonition in 1 Pet. 這些標準有效地discipling還包括避免自私的關注權力和個人地位,符合告誡1寵物。 5:1 - 6. 5:1 -6 。 In addition, there is the responsibility for shepherds to equip the saints for ministry. This involves instructing and admonishing each member in public and in private.此外,有責任牧羊人裝備部為聖人。這項工作涉及指示,並告誡各成員國在公共和私人。

Discipleship communities include those designed for celibate persons and for families.門徒社區包括那些專為獨身者,以及家庭。 Covenantal norms frequently include poverty, or the renunciation of self - centered aims and self - provision, and yieldedness, or obedient reliance upon God through submission to the headship of the community leaders through whom Christ is to rule. Covenantal規範經常包括貧窮,或放棄自我-為中心的宗旨和自我-規定,y i eldedness,或順從依賴上帝通過提交給校長的社區領導人通過他們基督是規則。 In addition, communal sharing of lives and possessions is often emphasized, in accordance with Acts 4:32.此外,社區共享生命和財產是經常強調的,按照行為4點32分。 Such communities view themselves as living on the frontiers of Christian commitment, although evangelism may be limited to shepherds, who are regarded as being spiritually mature.這些社區把自己看成生活在邊境的基督教的承諾,雖然傳道可能僅限於牧羊人,誰是被視為精神上的成熟。 Common activities in discipling communities include corporate worship, prayer meetings, and the Eucharist; administration of these group activities is under the authority of an apostolate, a term that often refers to the total group of shepherds in a given community.共同活動discipling社區包括企業禮拜,祈禱會議,與聖體;管理這些團體的活動是由權威的牧靈工作,任期,往往指的是總的牧羊人在某一特定社區。

In 1975 response to the Discipleship Movement precipitated a controversy within the charismatic movement as a whole as several charismatic leaders, including Pat Robertson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, expressed public disagreement with the Fort Lauderdale group.在1975年響應門徒運動沉澱爭議的魅力運動作為一個整體若干魅力的領導人,包括帕特羅伯遜的基督教廣播網,公眾表示不同意勞德代爾堡組。 In December of that year a representative group of pastors, teachers, and leaders met in Ann Arbor, Michigan, for a theological and pastoral evaluation of the controversy.在同年12月代表組的牧師,教師和領導人在安阿伯,密歇根州,一個神學和牧靈評價的爭議。 This group agreed that much of it had resulted from poor communication and misunderstanding, and that the real differences that existed were within the bounds of the variety permitted in the body of Christ. Subsequent charismatic leaders' conferences have been held, such as the Oklahoma City meeting in 1976, that have sought to achieve reconciliation among the parties to the dispute.這組一致認為,大部分源於缺乏溝通和誤解,而真正的差異是存在的範圍內允許的各種正文中的基督。更強魅力的領袖會議已經舉行,如俄克拉何馬城會議於1976年,已尋求實現和解各方之間的爭端。

Some critics do not believe that the Discipleship Movement is operating according to biblical principles, pointing out that Scripture teaches all Christians should submit to one another (Eph. 5:19 - 21). Some oppose the amount of control exercised by shepherds over such matters as the choice of a mate and the decision to have children. The movement is not always regarded by these critics as a cult, since it accepts the essential beliefs of Christianity, including the Trinity, Christ's incarnation and resurrection, salvation by grace through faith, and authority of Scripture.一些批評家並不認為門徒運動是根據經營聖經的原則,指出聖經教導所有基督徒應當提交彼此(以弗所書5點19 -2 1) 。一些反對的數額控制牧羊人行使對此類事項作為選擇伴侶,並決定要孩子。運動並非總是認為這些批評定性為邪教,因為它接受的基本信仰基督教,包括三一,基督的化身和復活,得救的恩典通過信仰,和權威的聖經。 However, it is objected that the hypersensitivity and secrecy often to be found in the movement, even to the point of disallowing discussion of its doctrines and practices with others outside the group, tend to raise questions in people's minds. Others have questioned the tendency of the movement to separate itself from the concerns of the historical church. 然而反對的過敏性和保密經常見諸於行動,甚至不允許點討論其理論和實踐之外的其他群體,往往提出疑問在人們的腦海中。另一些人質疑的趨勢該運動脫離關注的歷史教堂。 These objections notwithstanding, the significance of the impact of the Discipleship Movement upon the charismatic movement remains.這些反對儘管如此,意義重大影響的門徒運動的魅力的運動仍然存在。

JS O'Malley江蘇奧馬利
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
C Farah, From the Pinnacle of the Temple; RJ Foster, A Celebration of Discipline; M Harper, A New Way of Living; D Hartman and D Sutherland, Guidebook to Discipleship; WA Henricksen, Disciples Are Made, Not Born; RA Lovelace, Dynamics of Spiritual Life; JS O'Malley, The Mystique of Godliness: Bishop John Seygert and the United Methodist Heritage; JC Ortiz, The Disciple; RG Tuttle, The Partakers; D Watson, Called and Committed: World - Changing Discipleship. ç法拉,從品尼高聖殿;雷諾福斯特,主辦紀律; M哈珀,一種新的生活方式; D哈特曼和D瑟蘭指南門徒;西澳Henricksen ,門徒了,不是天生的;類風濕性關節炎洛夫萊斯,動態的精神生活;江蘇奧馬利,神秘的敬虔:主教約翰Seygert和聯合衛理公會遺產;巴埃納爾蒂斯的門徒;的RG塔特爾彗星,在Partakers ; D沃森呼籲,並承諾:世界-更改門徒。


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