Shakers, Millennial Church, Alethians熱點,千年教會, Alethians

General Information 一般信息

Beginning in England at a Quaker revival in 1747, the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, also known as the Millennial Church, or the Alethians, came to be called Shakers because of the trembling induced in them by their religious fervor.在英格蘭開始在格在1747年復甦美國社會的篤信基督的第二次出現,也被稱為千年教會,或Alethians ,來到被稱為熱點 ,因為在顫抖誘導他們自己的宗教狂熱。 Led by James and Jane Wardley, the so - called Shaking Quakers were a minor religious sect until Ann Lee became the head of the movement.由詹姆斯和簡獲,即所謂-所謂的振動誼是一個小教派,直至成為安李的頭部運動。

Mother Ann, as she was known, believed that she had received the feminine principle of the deity.母親安,因為她被稱為認為,她收到了女性原則的守護神。 Following imprisonment for her unorthodox views, she experienced a vision and led (1774) a small group to the United States, where they established (1776) a community at Watervliet, NY Mother Ann made a number of converts, and after her death (1784) they established further communities under the leadership of Joseph Meacham and Lucy Wright.入獄後,她非正統的看法,她經歷了遠見和領導( 1774 )一小群美國,在那裡他們成立( 1776年)一個社會沃特,美國紐約的母親安提出了一些轉換,並在她去世( 1784 ) ,他們進一步建立社區的領導下,約瑟夫米查姆和露西賴特。 By 1826 there were 18 Shaker communities with about 6,000 members in 8 states. Their peak period was 1840 - 60.到1826年有18個篩社區約6000成員在8個國家。他們的高峰期是1840年至1860年。 As revivalism declined after the Civil War, so did the fortunes of the communities.隨著復古拒絕在南北戰爭之後,也如此財富的社區。 By 1980 the Shakers were almost extinct.到1980年的熱點,幾乎滅絕。

The Shakers believed in Mother Ann as the source of God's fullest revelation to humankind.認為該熱點在母親安的源泉上帝的充分揭示人類。 Other doctrines and practices included celibacy, open confession of sins, communal sharing of possessions, pacifism, equality of the sexes, and consecrated labor.其他學說和做法,包括獨身,公開懺悔的罪孽,社區共享的財產,和平主義,兩性平等,和神聖的勞動。 They rejected Calvinist ideas of predestination and emphasized free will.他們拒絕加爾文主義思想的命,並強調自由意志。 In their well - organized, self - sufficient communities segregated from the outside world, the Shakers worshiped in unusual ways; dancing, ecstatic shouting, and trances were held to be proof of the Holy Spirit's presence.在他們的-組織,自我-足夠的社區隔離外面的世界,供奉的熱點在不尋常的方式;舞蹈,興奮叫喊,並舉行了t r ances要證明聖靈的存在。

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The furniture and other goods that the Shakers made for themselves are remarkable for simplicity of design and fine craftsmanship; they have become highly valued collectors' items.家具和其他物品的熱點為自己取得顯著的簡單的設計和精細工藝;它們已經成為收藏家的高度重視'的項目。

Henry Warner Bowden亨利華納鮑登

Bibliography 目錄
ED Andrews, The People Called Shakers (1953); ED / F Andrews, Work and Worship: The Economic Order of the Shakers (1974); NR Campion, Ann the Word: The Life of Mother Ann Lee, Founder of the Shakers (1976); H Desroche, American Shakers(1971); D Faber, The Perfect Life: The Shakers in America (1974); DW Patterson, The Shaker Spiritual (1979); J Sprigg, By Shaker Hands (1975); A White and LS Taylor, Shakerism (1904); JM Whitworth, God's Blueprints: A Sociological Study of Three Utopian Sects (1975).海關安德魯斯,人們稱為熱點( 1953年) ;教育/ F索賠安德魯斯,工作和宗教:經濟秩序的熱點( 1974年) ;星期日康平,安的詞:生命的母親李安,方正的熱點( 1976年) ; H Desroche ,美國熱點( 1971年) ; D伯,完善的生活:熱點在美國( 1974年) ;德國之聲帕特森,在沙克爾精神( 1979年) ; J一地,通過沙克爾手( 1975年) ;白宮和LS泰勒, Shakerism ( 1904年) ; JM惠,上帝的藍圖:一個社會學研究的三種空想教派( 1975年) 。


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