Oberlin Theology奧伯林神學

Background Information 背景資料

The Alsatian Lutheran pastor Johann Friedrich (Jean Frederic) Oberlin, b.路德會牧師約翰的阿爾薩斯弗里德里希(讓弗雷德里克)美林灣 Aug. 31, 1740, d. 1740年8月31日,四 June 1, 1826, is known for his philanthropic efforts and educational innovations. 1826年6月1日,是著名的努力為他的慈善和教育創新。 Educated at Strasbourg, he was pastor of Waldersbach, Ban-de-la-Roche, in the Vosges from 1767 until his death.就讀於斯特拉斯堡,他是牧師的Waldersbach,班德香格里拉,羅氏,在孚日從1767年直到他去世。 Influenced both by the Enlightenment ideas of Jean Jacques Rousseau and by the Christian mysticism of Emanuel von Swedenborg, he promoted engineering, agricultural, and educational reforms within his parish.既影響了啟蒙思想的盧梭和基督教神秘主義的伊曼紐爾馮斯韋登伯格,他晉升工程,農業,教育等改革,在他的教區。 His work eventually won international recognition, especially his principles of infant education, as developed by Johann Pestalozzi.他的作品最終獲得國際承認,他的原則,特別是嬰幼兒的教育,作為開發的約翰裴斯泰洛齊。 Oberlin House in Potsdam, Germany, and Oberlin College in Ohio are named for him.奧伯林樓波茨坦,德國和美國俄亥俄州奧伯林學院為他命名。

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Bibliography 書目
Kurtz, John W., John Frederic Oberlin (1977).庫爾茨,約翰 W,約翰弗雷德里克奧伯林(1977年)。


Oberlin Theology奧伯林神學

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Oberlin Theology was the fruit of a strong revivalistic, perfectionistic, and reforming tradition in nineteenth century American evangelical life.奧伯林神學是一個強大的revivalistic水果,追求完美,改革傳統在19世紀的美國福音派的生活。 It was closely associated with the work of Charles Finney, America's most famous antebellum revivalist, and with the faculty at Oberlin College, Ohio (founded 1833), of which Finney was a part.這是與工作密切相關的查爾斯芬尼,美國最有名的南北戰爭前的復興,並與教師在奧伯林學院,俄亥俄州(創建於1833年),其中芬尼是一個組成部分。 But the theology also contained emphases that were shared widely in American Christianity among New School Presbyterians, Methodists, many Baptists, members of Disciples and Christian churches, and even some Unitarians.但重點是神學也包含了廣泛分享在美國基督教長老會新學校之間,衛,許多浸信會,成員和基督教門徒教會,甚至一些論派。

Finney's theology was shaped by his own experience (a dramatic conversion in 1821) and by his early approval of the work of Congregationalist NW Taylor.芬尼的神學是形成他自己的經驗(1戲劇性的轉換在1821年)和他早期的批准,工作公理淨重泰勒。 With Taylor, Finney came to conclude that individuals possessed the power within themselves to make the choice for Christ and for holy living.隨著泰勒,芬尼來得出結論,個人擁有自己的權力範圍內作出選擇,基督和聖潔生活。 Finney's own evangelism stressed the fact that, with God's help, strenuous personal effort could lead to the spread of the gospel.芬尼自己的傳道強調指出,在上帝的幫助下,艱苦的個人努力可能導致傳播福音。 Early in his ministry he also explored the effects of such conversions on the reform of society.早在他的部,他還探討了影響,這種轉換對改革的社會。 After Finney left the Presbyterians and took a pastorate in New York City, he came to the conclusion, as he put it, "that an altogether higher and more stable form of Christian life was attainable, and was the privilege of all Christians."芬尼後離開長老會牧師,並採取了在紐約市,他得出的結論,如他所說的那樣,“完全是一個更高,更穩定的形式實現的基督徒生活,並且是所有基督徒的特權。” Shortly after this Finney encountered John Wesley's Plain Account of Christian Perfection, which confirmed his belief in "entire sanctification."在這之後不久芬尼遇到約翰衛斯理的平原帳戶基督教的完善,這證實了他的信念,“整個成聖。” When Finney became professor of theology at Oberlin College in 1835, he carried with him the outlines of a distinctive theological emphasis.當芬尼成為神學教授在奧伯林學院於1835年,他帶著一個獨特的輪廓神學重點。 And in 1839, during a revival season at Oberlin, the emphasis received distinct articulation as a perfectionistic theology.而在1839年,在一個賽季在奧伯林復甦,收到顯著的重點闡明作為一個完美主義神學。

Along with Finney the Oberlin theology was promoted by Asa Mahan, first president of the college and a driving force in its establishment; Oberlin professor Henry Cowles; and many of the students who went out from Oberlin to evangelize and reform America.隨著芬的奧伯林神學是促進了奧薩馬漢,第一任總統的學院和推動力量,其編制;奧伯林教授亨利考爾斯,還有許多學生從奧伯林誰出去傳福音和改革美國。 The theology emphasized a belief in a second, more mature stage of Christian life.神學強調的一個信念在第二,更加成熟的階段基督徒的生活。 This second stage carried different names, "entire sanctification," "holiness," "Christian perfection," or even "the baptism of the Holy Ghost."這第二個階段進行不同的名字,“整個成聖”,“聖潔”,“基督教圓滿”,甚至“的洗禮的聖靈。” Finney took it to be more a matter of perfect trust in God and commitment to his way rather than complete sinlessness.芬尼把它更加完善的事項和承諾的信任上帝對他的方式,而不是完全清白。 And he also came to feel that this state of spirituality would be reached through steady growth rather than through a single, dramatic "second blessing."而他也深深覺得,這個國家的精神將通過穩步增長達到,而不是通過一個單一的,戲劇性的“第二個祝福。” Other teachers emphasized more a distinct second work of grace and spoke as if the state of the sanctified would be nearly without sin.其他老師強調更多的是不同的第二次工作的寬限期並講話,猶如國家的神聖就幾乎沒有罪。 In these discussions, which also included a consideration of the relative place of human exertion and God's free grace in going on to sanctification, the Oberlin theology showed remarkable parallels with the development of Methodist theology stretching back to the time of John Wesley.在這些討論中,其中還包括一個考慮因素的相對位置人類消耗及上帝的恩典在自由前往,以聖潔,表現出非凡的奧伯林神學與平行的發展循道神學的時間可以追溯到約翰衛斯理。

The Oberlin theology represented an immensely important strand of nineteenth century evangelical belief, not only because of its influential convictions but also because of its practical effects. Finney had earlier pioneered new measures in revivalism (including the "anxious bench" and the protracted meeting).奧伯林神學為代表的一個非常重要的鋼絞線19世紀福音信仰,不僅是因為其影響力的信念,也因為它的實際效果。芬尼此前率先復興的新措施(包括“惶惶不安”,並長期會議)。 And he also had actively encouraged a heightened concern for reforming evils in America like slavery, intemperance, and economic injustice.他還積極鼓勵的高度關注,在美國像改革邪惡奴役,酗酒,經濟不公平現象。 The perfectionistic emphases of the Oberlin theology greatly aided its revivalistic and reforming concerns.在追求完美的奧伯林神學重點資助其revivalistic大大和改革的關注。 Some of its exponents also believed that the millennial age was at hand, and this conviction also added to the widespread social impact of the theology.它的一些代表人物也認為,千年的年齡在手,這種信念,還增加了廣泛的社會影響的神學。

The Oberlin theology retained an important place at Oberlin into the twentieth century.奧伯林神學的一個重要的地方保留在奧伯林到20世紀。 It contributed also to many strands of modern evangelicalism such as the Holiness Movement, more indirectly to Pentecostalism, and to the Higher Life and Keswick movements as well.這也導致許多現代福音派股,如聖潔運動,更間接的五旬節,並在高等生命和凱瑟克流動。

Mark A Noll標誌著諾爾

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃爾韋爾福音字典)

Bibliography 書目
CC Cole, The Social Ideas of the Northern Evangelists, 1826 - 1860; JH Fairchild, Oberlin: The College and the Colony, 1833 - 1883; JE Johnson, "Charles G Finney and Oberlin Perfectionism," JPH 46; TL Smith, Revivalism and Social Reform.消委會科爾,社會思想的北福音,1826年至1860年,JH飛兆半導體,奧伯林:該學院和殖民地,1833年至1883年,日本腦炎約翰遜,“查爾斯G芬尼和美林完美主義,”JPH 46;熱釋光史密斯,復興運動和社會改革。



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