Melchior, Melchiorites梅爾基奧爾,Melchiorites

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Melchiorites is a term used for the followers of Melchior Hoffman (modernized in German as Hoffmann), the Reformer who carried the gospel to Baltic areas such as Estonia and Livonia, to Emden in Friesland, and to Amsterdam. Melchiorites是一個術語,用於追隨者梅爾基奧爾霍夫曼(德國作為現代化的霍夫曼),重整誰進行的福音波羅的海地區,如愛沙尼亞和利沃尼亞,以埃姆登在弗里斯蘭省,以及阿姆斯特丹。 Hoffman was an individualist who did not unite with the Swiss Brethren, and they in turn repudiated him.霍夫曼是一個個人主義者誰不團結與瑞士弟兄們,他們又推翻他。 Nevertheless he did unite with a fringe group of Anabaptists in Strasbourg in 1530. For a time he was a Lutheran, but Luther ultimately repudiated him. In the 1530s he traveled about a great deal. He held to such Swiss Brethren doctrines as believer's baptism, nonresistance, the rejection of oaths, earnest discipleship to Christ, and separation of church and state. He wrote numerous books, mostly on eschatology.不過他沒有團結與邊緣群體的再洗禮派在斯特拉斯堡於1530年。有一段時間他是一個路德,但路德最終推翻他。在1530年代,他周遊了很多。 他認為這種瑞士弟兄理論作為信徒的洗禮,不抵抗,拒絕宣誓的,認真的基督門徒,以及教會與國家分離。他寫了許多書籍,其中大部分是關於末世。 He made much of baptism as a covenant (see 1 Pet. 3:21 in the Luther Bible), and his followers were often called Brethren of the Covenant or "Covenanters."他取得了很大的洗禮作為公約(見1寵物。3:21在路德聖經),和他的追隨者通常被稱為弟兄的盟約或“盟約”。

In addition to the usual Anabaptist doctrines Hoffman was obsessed with eschatology, reveling in the anticipated apocalyptic violence against the wicked after Christ's return, and he was naively drawn to "special revelations" through dreams and visions. He also held an eccentric view of the incarnation whereby Mary was understood to be merely a channel through which the "heavenly flesh of Christ made its entrance to the earth." In response to a special revelation through a Melchiorite he hastened back to Strasbourg in 1533, was arrested, and jailed, in the expectation that in six months Christ would return.除了通常的再洗禮派的學說霍夫曼是迷上了末世,陶醉在預期世界末日的暴力侵害的惡人後,基督的回報,他天真地吸引到“特殊啟示”通過夢和幻覺。 他還舉行了偏心鑑於化身據此瑪麗被理解為只是一個渠道,即“天上的基督肉體作出了入口在地上。”應通過一個特殊的啟示,他趕緊回Melchiorite斯特拉斯堡在1533年被逮捕,並被判入獄,在期望在6個月基督將返回。

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However, Hoffman lay in prison for ten long years before dying in 1543.不過,霍夫曼在監獄奠定了10年之久在1543年之前死亡。 His Reformation in the Low Countries slowly matured into two wings: (1) The Peace Wing led by Jan Volkerts Trypmaker (martyred in 1531) and Jacob van Campen (martyred in 1535).他的改革在低地國家慢慢成長為兩翼:(1)和平部率領由揚沃爾克茨Trypmaker(烈屬,在1531年)和雅各布凡坎彭(烈屬,在1535年)。 Later leaders in this Peace Wing in Friesland were Obbe Philips, his brother Dirk Philips, and from 1536 Menno Simons .後來的領導人在這個和平永在弗里斯蘭省的奧貝飛利浦,他的弟弟德克飛利浦,從1536年門諾西門子 (2) The apocalyptic and revolutionary Melchiorites were led by the unstable Jan Matthys, who set up a theocracy in Munster, Germany, and died violently in 1534, and by the unscrupulous "King" Jan van Leyden, who was executed after the 1534 - 35 Munster "kingdom." (2) 世界末日和革命Melchiorites分別由不穩定的揚Matthys,誰建立了政教合一的明斯特,德國,暴力和死亡在1534年,由無良“王”揚凡萊登,誰被處決後,1534 - 35明斯特的“王國”。 Violent Munsterite "ultra - Melchiorism" was kept alive briefly by Jan van Batenburg (executed 1538) and by David Joris, who fled to Basel in 1544 under a false name and successfully posed for the rest of his days as a Zwinglian.暴力Munsterite“超- Melchiorism”是維持生命短暫的揚凡巴滕堡(執行1538年)和大衛里斯,誰在1544年逃往巴塞爾虛假名義下,成功地提出了他的休息天為一Zwinglian。

JC Wenger賽馬溫格

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃爾韋爾福音字典)

Bibliography 書目
Mennonite Encyclopedia, II, III.門諾百科全書,第二,第三。



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